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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 21st day - of Tammuz, 5743,
the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Numbers 25:10-30:1.
Prophetical portion, Jeremiah 1:1-2:3.
Candlelighting, Friday, July 1, 8:53 p.m.
VOL. LXXXIII, No. 18
Friday, July 1, 1983
DIPLOMATIC ACROBATIC S
A costly war and endless anxieties over an
uncertain future make the entire civilized
world accessories to situations that continue to
be distantly removed from ,peace.
Meanwhile, there is a lot of rhetoric and an
abundance of pledges. Had it not been for the
conflicting and the contradictory, there could be
much comforting from the declarations so fre-
Major attention to the developing themes
in the crises that affect the Middle East were
drawn to Washington last week, to the 24th
annual policy conference of the American Israel
Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). It was to
these sessions that President Ronald Reagan
sent a message in which he paid honor to a
lobbying group from whose ranks there often
erupts severe criticisms of his Administration.
It is to this movement that he sent the message,
calling AIPAC "an articulate defender of Israeli
and American interests." He said AIPAC was "a
fine example of the great American tradition of
citizen interest and action in foreign affairs."
Interestingly, in this very message, the
President referred again to proposals he made
on Sept. 1, 1982, which were immediately re-
jected by Israel Prime Minister Menahem Begin
and have since been the subject for debate,
scrutiny, division of opinions, the invitation to
King Hussein of Jordan and an involvement of
PLO chief Arafat.
Apparently, President Reagan is deter-
mined to pursue the Sept. 1, 1982, program, and
judgment must be that while there is a diploma-
tic love affair with AIPAC, it does not denote
Therefore, the continuing confusions as
well as differences of opinion. They receive some
basis for dispute in a Periscope item in the cur-
rent issue of Newsweek:
"Now that Israel has agreed to remove its
troops from Lebanon — if Syria does the same —
the Reagan Administration has moved swiftly
to repair U.S.-Israeli relations: The change
grows out of new Soviet activity in the region
and mounting concern over U.S. presidential
politics. 'The word is out that the Republicans
don't want trouble with the Jewish community,'
says one Administration official, pointing
toward the 1984 elections. Reagan's new friend-
liness iss proceeding on several fronts:
"Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger,
an outspoken critic of Israel in the past, has
soothingly offered to reinstate an important
plan for military cooperation between the two
countries that was shelved after Israel officially
annexed the Golan Heights in 1981.
"Meir Rosenne, Israel's -new ambassador to
the United States, has already met more than
30 times with State Department and White
House officials, and the State Department took
pains to announce a special 'get acquainted' ses--
sion between Rosenne and Secretary of State
"Pentagon planners are hard at work devis-
ing convincing ways to warn Syria and its ally,
the Soviet Union, not to test Israeli mettle.
Among the options being considered, U.S. offi-
cials say, are deployment of a large U.S. carrier
task force to the eastern Mediterranean, joint
U.S.-Israeli naval exercises in the region and a
mission by Air Force AWACS aerial surveil-
lance planes to the area.
\ "Meanwhile, Israel is trying to appear ac-
commodating. Prime Minister Menahem Begin,
who is due to meet with President Reagan July
27 at the White House, has instructed the chief
planner of new Jewish settlements in the occu-
pied territories to give his activities a low pro-
file. The aim: to prevent irritating Americans."
While there are affirmations and reaffirma-
tions of a renewed and strengthened U.S.-Israel
friendship, it is to be hoped that what is said
now is not preparations for Presidential
nominating conventions. There is much more to
the disputed conditions than an approaching
convention and the peace at stake must not be
sacrificed to lip service.
Israel is not immune from anxiety over the
developments. The AIPAC policy conference
also received a message from Prime Minister
Begin who maintained that "in the past year's
struggle against a terrorist enemy we achieved
a difficult and costly victory." Is it already to be
judged a victory? It is true, as he ascertained,
the United States and Israel "share common
values, common hopes and common interests."
But Israel, meanwhile, is embroiled in a hor-
rifying situation, amidst warring Christians
and Moslems. Peacemaking has become too
costly. How soon can the agony be ended? That's
the pressing question.
Meanwhile, diplomats are juggling prom-
ises and accolades, at a time when "getting to-
gether" is vital, when proposals for "shared
rule" of debatable border territories in the
Judea-Samaria regions could solve a big prob-
lem but only one element in the dispute as much
as listens to it.
In the current battle-scarred situation af-
fecting the United States on a par with Israel,
decisions to be reached call for cautious plan-
ning. The developing events compel patience,
due to the internal strife in the terrorist ranks
which, if Arafat should lose his struggle for
power, may result in more extreme hatred than
even the present PLO leadership could muster.
There are already the voices urging an in-
creased American military involvement as an
assurance that the endangered Lebanese gov-
ernment would be protected, and this would
surely spread the tensions that stem from that
embattled area. Now Israel is the major protec-
tor of Lebanese sovereignty, its forces serving as
a warning to those who may threaten Lebanese
hegemony, and the urgency of additional sup-
porting forces is apparent.
It will take a lot of courage to solve the
multiplying, rather than reducing, problems.
Lip service and pious pronouncements are not
As the pleasantries are being expressed at
public functions, they should be noted and
should serve as reminders to those uttering
pledges, with a demand that they be adhered to.
Schocken Holocaust Library
Expands Memory Retention
So devastating is the entire experience, so deeply moving each
story that recalls the horrors of an age marked by extremism in
inhumanities, that the Holocaust story is never completely told.
That is why the Schocken Holocaust Library is of such vast
It is not the only collection of books relating to the era of terror.
Other publishers have to their credit important books dealing with
that period in history. Schocken's is perhaps the most impressive.
This is a library managed by survivors and the memory of the
martyrs is thus preserved in eyewitness accounts.
"Its purpose is to offer . . . authentic material, not readily avail-
able, and to preserve the memory of our martyrs and heroes untainted
by arbitrary and inadvertent distortions," the publishers state.
This becomes evident in several of the new Schocken titles.
Impressive among the new ones is "The Pit and the Trap — a
Chronicle of Survival" by Leyb Rochman. Born in 1918 in Minsk-
Mazowiecki , on the outskirts of Warsaw, he was a follower of
Hasidism and he was on the staff of the Warsaw Yiddish Press.
The Germans occupied Minsk on Sept. 13, 1939, and established a
ghetto there. Richman was married in the ghetto. It was while he was
in hiding that Richman began to keep a record of his experiences and
his deed was like a pursuance of admonitions never to forget, to keep
the account straight for the generations to know of what had occurred.
His recorded experiences were completed in Switzerland soon
after the war and were published in Paris under the title "And in Your
Blood Shall You Live" — a translation of what is decided at a circum-
cision, at a Bris, "b'doyikh khayo." The book won an award from the
World Congress for Jewish Culture.
Thus, actual occurrences are recorded in this Schocken-published
text. Rochman's daughter, Rivka Miriam, is a noted artist and He-
brew poet in Israel. His son, Yehoshua, is a concert violinist.
Much is yet to be said about this chronicled story that is inerasa-
ble in Holocaust literature.
Another new Holocaust book issued by Schocken is "The Witch
Doctor — Memoirs of a Partisan" by Dr. Michael Temchin.
Dr. Temchin was among the few partisans who survived the war.
He was determined to survive and therefore lived to tell this tale after
undergoing many narrow escapes. He was drafted into the Polish
army and was a prisoner of war.
Managing to join an underground partisan unit, he became
known among partisans and Polish villagers not only as a resistance
hero but also as a miracle worker, hence his underground name,
"Znachor — Witch Doctor."
"The Witch Doctor" thus is a recorded personal reminiscence
about the years of terror and battles for life. This, too, is a volume that
will merit much discussion, in the pursuance of the aim not to forget,
for the world to have the record of horrors and the evidence of heroism
in the struggle for survival.
Vital to an understanding of the surviving elements who are able
to relate their experiences is the extent of the resistance. Surviving is
in itself resistance, and the accounts now given by those who live to
tell the story of the multiple horrors markedly reflects the courage of
resisting forces and the determined will to live.
These are the facts related in the additions to the Holocaust
Photos always add importance to historical data and this is true
also of the numerous illustrations in "The Witch Doctor — Memoirs of
a Partisan," wherein are shown many of the heroes of the survival.