Friday„ June 3, 1983
THEi DETROIT .1fWISH1 NEWS
Man Cited for Uncovering U.S. Holocaust Acquiescence ,
NEW YORK — A little- nesday with its Distin-
known figure of World War guished Humanitarian
II, described by experts as "a Award to Josiah E. Du Bois,
truly heroic man," was hon- Jr.
ored by the American
Du Bois was a young at-
Jewish Committee on Wed- torney working in the U.S.
. . and Me'
under Secretary Henry
Morgenthau, Jr. when he
observed the U.S. State De-
partment blocking news of
the "Final Solution," as well
as efforts to rescue Jews.
Morganthau of the Acquies-
cence of the GoVernment in
the Murder of Jews." He
warned that the report
would be released unless
President Roosevent was
involved and a special re-
scue effort made. By Execu-
tive Order, the,War Refugee
Board was established.
Du Bois composed "A Re-
port to Secretary Henry
the card caterer
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THE HOLOCAUST IN BRONZE: Millions of Jews
in this country, in Israel, and throughout the world —
including Communist countries — know of the powerful
and deeply emotional monument in Warsaw immortalizing
• the victims of the Holocaust and the heroic Jewish uprising
in the Warsaw Ghetto against the military Nazi occupa-
tional forces. Yet, most of these millions of people are not
aware of the sculptor who created the massive masterpiece.
They don't know the name of Nathan Rapoport, although in
the world of art he is considered the foremost monument
Great as Rapoport is as a sculptor, he is in personal life
a very modest person who shies away from personal public-
ity. He feels that he is performing a mission by immortalit-
ing in a visual form in bronze the Jewish victims and heroes
of the Nazi period. His monuments reflect powerfully the
Holocaust more than many of the books written on this
great tragedy in Jewish history.
- Jacques Lipshitz, the world renowned sculptor, has
expressed admiration for his work. So did Dr. Abraham A.
Davidson, an American professor of art history, in his for-
ward to a book, "Nathan Rapoport Sculptures and Monu-
ments," just published in New York by Shengold Pub-
lishers, Inc. The text of the book, which includes many
interesting facts about Rapoport's life and work — along
with photographs of his monuments as well as of busts
which he made of famous people Tike Arthur Rubinstein —
was written by Richard Yaffe, the distinguished journalist.
MONUMENTS IN U:S.: Rapoport, who was born in
Poland and studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts in
Warsaw — and later in Paris and Italy — succeeded in
getting out of Poland when the Nazi armies began to occupy
On May 11, he was one of the three eminent per-
sonalities honored in New York by the Jewish Academy of
Arts and'Sciences, the other two being the nuclear physicist
Dr. Edward Teller and the Nobel Laureate Dr. Arno A.
The next day, on May 12, he was honored -by New
Jersey Governor Thomas A. Kean at the State Museum of
Trenton, N.J. The governor announced that the sum of $1
million will be raised to erect a monument by Rapoport in
the Liberty State Park in Trenton. The monument will, in
the words of the Governor, be a "major American land-
mark." It will depict an American soldier_ in battledress
carrying a starved, liberated survivor of the Holocaust from
a Nazi camp.
Among Rapoport's acclaimed statues in the U.S. is his
"Monument to the Six Million Jewish Martyrs" erected in •
Philadelphia in 1964. The monument is a focal point for the
annual Holocaust observance in Philadelphia.
In New York, an impressive memorial in bronze
adorns the entrance to the new school of the Park Avenue
Synagogue. It depicts Dr. Janusz Korczak, the great Jewish
educator who dedicated his life to educating poor children
and orphans in Warsaw and who perished dramatically
with all the children of his institution in a Nazi gas
MONUMENTS IN ISRAEL: The largest number of
Rapoport's Holocaust monuments stand in Israel. Out-
standing among them is the monumental "Scroll of Fire"
which towers over the Judean Hills overlooking Jerusalem,
in the heart of the Bnai Brith Martyr's Forest of six million
Then there is a monument by Rapoport bn the Warsaw
Ghetto Uprising in Yad Vashem in Jerusarem; • a - monu-
ment in the Kibutz Yad Mordecai immortalizing Mordecai
Anilewicz, the commander of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
who fell in battle; a monument in Kibutz Negba for the
fighters in Israel's War of Liberation.
It is regrettable that the city of New York, with its .•
large Jewish population, has so far not thought of erecting a
monument by Rapoport in memory of the victims of the
Holocaust. At one time, in the early years after the fall of
the Nazi regime, such a project existed and land was even
allocated for it by the municipality. But it never mate-
rialized. With the formation in Washington of a U.S.
Holocaust Memorial Council it is to be hoped that monu-
ments depicting the Holocaust and Jewish heroism in fight-
ing the Nazis will be raised in New York, and in all major
cities in the United States with substantial Jewish popula-
lc C. • 4.
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