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March 11, 1983 - Image 19

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-03-11

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Novelist Koestler Dead at 77 Eitan Denies Syrian Claim
LONDON (JTA) — Ar- the Middle East, Paris and
Israel Will Attack Missiles
thur Koestler, one of the Berlin from 1926 to 1931. In

major intellectuals of the the climax of his journalis-
20th Century, who flirted tic career he traveled as the
with Zionism, was found only press representative on
dead at his London home the Russo-German Graf
March 3 alongside the body Zeppelin expedition in the
of his third wife, Cynthia. Arctic.
Mr. Koestler traveled
An empty pill bottle and
note were found at their widely in Russia and Soviet
Central Asia and covered
Mr. Koestler, 77, had the Spanish Civil War for
been suffering from Parkin- the London News
son's disease and police be- Chronicle. A prisoner of
lieve the couple had com- Gen. Francisco Franco for
mitted suicide. three months under sen-
Born in Hungary of well- tence of death, he narrowly
to-do Jewish parents and escaped the firing squad
educated at Vienna Univer- when he was freed following
sity, Mr. Koestler was strong diplomatic pressure
passionately involved in from England.
numerous political and
In France, he was put
ideological causes, from in an internment camp
Zionism and Communism to with leftwing detainees
the campaign against capi- awaiting the arrival of
tal punishment.
the gestapo but escaped
As a student, he came to England in 1940 when
under the spell of the he joined the British ar-
Revisionist my's non-combatant
Vladimir Pioneer Corps.
Jabotinsky, and briefly
In 1941, he wrote his
served as his political
secretary in Europe. Two novel "Darkness at Noon,"
of his books have become which more than any other
classics of modern book unmasked the cynical
Zionist literature — face of Stalinist Corn-
"Promise and Fulfill- munism.
But perhaps his most
ment," (1949), based on
his press coverage of the far-reaching disillusion-
struggle for Jewish ment was that implied in
statehood, and "Thieves one of his later books, "The
in the Night," (1946), a 13th Tribe," in which Mr.
heroic novel about kibutz Koestler argued that the
bulk of European Jewry was
Mr. Koestler's writings not Jewish at all but was de-
all mirrored his personal scended from the Khazar
experiences, which included Tribes of the Caucasus who
a year as a halutz in Pales- had been converted en mass
tine followed by another to Judaism.
From being an extreme
year in the French Foreign
Jewish nationalist, Mr.
As a Communist, he was a Koestler had come to reject
newspaper correspondent in his own' Jewish identity.

Julius Rotenberg Dies at 92

Julius Rotenberg, foun-
der in 1917 of General Mill
Supply Co., died March 8 at
age 92.
Born in Russia, Mr.
Rotenberg came to Detroit
in 1913. He was a broker
and packer of paper stock
for the recycling industry.

He was active in many
philanthropic organiza-
tions, both in the U.S. and
Israel. Locally he was a
benefactor of Yeshivath
Beth Yehudah and Council
of Orthodox Rabbis, and
was a member of Cong. Bnai
David, where the social hall
bears his name.

Mr. Rotenberg was
active in efforts on behalf
of the Jewish National
Fund and Bar-Ilan Uni-

of Staff Gen. Rafael Eitan
told Israel Radio this week
that Israel had no intention
of attacking the newly-
emplaced Soviet-made and
apparently Soviet-manned
SAM-5 missiles inside
Eitan said, "I don't know
on what basis they (the Sy-
rians) are ascribing or an-
nouncing such intentions. It
may be that they are simply
making mistaken assess-
ment, and it may be that
with such words they are
disguising their own inten-
He said he would not
completely eliminate the
possibility that the Sy-
rians, under Soviet urg-
ing, might take "some
sort of initiative against
Some Israeli military
leaders have said recently
that the. migsiles are only a
relatively minor problem
tactically, and that Israel

Gush Leader
Backs Kreisky
on Labor, Likud

strian Chancellor Bruno
Kreisky was recently
quoted by Die Welt as say-
ing there are no ideological
differences between Israel's
"social democratic Labor
Alignment and the
chauvinistic Likud."-
Dr. Israel Eldad of the
Gush Emunim movement
agreed with Kreisky in a
Haaretz article.
Eldad said Labor tries
to find ideological dif-
ferences betwen itself
and Likud, but there are
none. He wrote that
Labor criticized the war
in Lebanon, but ap-
proved it. Jewish settle-
ments in the Sinai, Golan
Heights and adminis-
tered territories were
created by Labor.
He said Labor is critical of
the stock exchange, but
they are the ones who
created it.

has the capability to deal
with them. But the political
aspects are said to be more
complicated and worrying,
indicating an increased
Soviet involvement in the


Friday, March 11, 1983 19

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