THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Associate News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 18th day of Elul, 5740, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deuteronomy 26:1-29:8. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 60:1-22.
Candle lighting, Friday, Aug. 29, 7:53 p.m.
VOL. LXXVII, No. 26
Friday, August 29, 1980
JERUSALEM AS UNIFIER
Jerusalem's Mayor Teddy Kollek gave em-
phasis, in his discussion of Jerusalem's status,
to the fact that Jews always constituted a major-
ity in Jerusalem. This is not to be overlooked by
anyone, and Jews certainly should keep it in
view. Facts are facts and figures established for
the past century are not disputable.
The basic facts, providing emphasis for this
contention, are provided in these figures:
explanatory. They are not Jewish sources. They
are based on studies conducted by non-Jews.
To speak, therefore, of Jerusalem as an Arab
city is to impose a myth upon the gullible. True,
Jerusalem is a site for Moslem and Christian
holy places, and these are under Israel's princi-
ples of religious freedom for all, as sites under
World Jewry is united on the insistence that
Jerusalem remain undivided and untouched as
Jews Moslems Christians
Israel's capital. There is unity on this point. The
religious movements in this country
have combined their forces to ask for a massive
religious demonstration to dramatize the im-
The Living Guide
portance of these claims.
de la Terre-Sainte
This is an emergence of sentiment that united
(France — 1876)
Jews. It is not often that Orthodox, Conser-
vative and Reform act in unison.
What may have been an unwise resolution,
14,699 Report and General
dealing with Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,
Abstracts of the
because such status has been established and is
Census of 1922 by
no longer debatable, has no effect on the unity
ascertained by Jerusalem. Because it also un-
ifies Jewry, it adds to the status of the Holy City.
The quoted figures need re-emphasis. The unity
19,335 E. Mills, Census of
for Jerusalem adds to its dignity.
The two words most popular in Jewish usage,
• Z. Vilnay,
100,000 40,000 25,000
appearing most often in Scripture and-prayer,
are Peace and Jersalem. These-are inerasable
The Old City (1962)
memory and practice. These unify Jews in
195,700 54,963 12,646
regardless of differences and religious
Bureau of Statistics
practices or social and political views and aspi-
215,000 61,600 11,500
rations. The "Next Year in Jersalem" affirma-
1977 272,000 97,000 10,000
tion has been in Jewish thought and declaration
through the centuries. It is a guideline that
The sources given for these figures are self- predominates and is never ignored. -
THE GLOBAL ENMITIES
With all the hopes for peace and an end to
hatreds, there is little to spell amity for Israel.
Those massed to destroy the nation and its
sovereignty keep threatening her borders and
often compel retaliation. That's what happened
last week on the Lebanese border.
In the international arena, new weapons are
constantly being forged to attain the goal of
Israel's destruction, and the European commu-
nity now is a partner with the Soviet and Arab
blocs in undermining Israel's rights as a sover-
Occasionally, a fair-minded politician will as-
sert the truth — that Israel is a sovereign state
and has a right to choose her capital city. But
when there is an opportunity to contribute
toward Israel's destruction, basic rights appar-
ently do not count.
That's what happened again at the United
Nations, the Security Council voting to con-
demn Israel for sanctifying her capital city and
for the determination not to permit interference
with such an elementary right.
The United States might have vetoed the
resolution. Israel's best friend merely
abstained. But the U.S. Sedretary of State spoke
out rebukingly against the actions of a combine
that includes the nations of the world. At least
Israel has one good friend in the lair of haters.
The difficulties are apparent. Whatever help
will be given Israel will be credited to the U.S.
Presidential campaign. Wouldn't the enemies
and the biased in the media find other excuses if
they served the purpose of harming Israel?
That's the world Jews live in and Israel is com-
pelled to accept as a battleground for her exist-
Secretary of State Edniund Muskie's con-
demnation of the most recent anti-Israel resolu-
tion adopted by the UN Security Council by a
14-to-0 vote was the best indication that the
United States should have vetoed the dis-
This is a factual judgment. Senator Carl Le-
vin's criticism and his protest addressed to
President Carter are among the most serious
indications of the failure of the U.S. to act firmly
in matters assuring Israel's just right, as a sov-
ereign state, to choose her capital. Further-
more, the ineptitude fails to indicate that reli-
gious freedom was an assurance provided by
Israel. A negation of it could mean a return to
the indignities that were imposed on mankind
when, under Jordanian rule, Jews were barred
from the Holy City, Christian groups were op-
pressed and forced into fratricidal confronta-
tions and the Jewish City of Peace — Jerusalem
was turned into a spiritual battleground.
The American action at the UN Security
Council was an inexcusable blunder.
Dr. Bettelheim's 'Surviving'
Issued as a Paperback
Dr. Bruno Bettelheim, the eminent child psychologist, who has
written extensively on the Holocaust and the Nazi horrors, himself
having survived the Hitler terror, incorporated much of his experi-
ence in "Surviving," first published as a hard cover book by Alfred
Knopf in 1979, now reappearing as a paperback issued by Vintage
Books, a division of Random House.
In "Surviving," Dr. Bettelheim dealt with the effects of the Nazi
brutalities on the survivors.
There were ignored lessons in the Anne Frank case, and Dr.
Bettelheim deals with it in his latest work.
He concerned himselfwith the role of Adolf Eichmann in the Nazi
brutalities and a variety of other subjects.
"Surviving" was first extensively reviewed by Dr. Peter Martin
in the June 22, 1979, issue of The Detroit Jewish News. Among the
comments on the book by Dr. Martin are the assertions:
"Bettelheim uses two creative writers, themselves survivors,
who search for meaning of these terrible events. Their poetic artistry
paints the picture vividly. We can include Bettelheim himself among
the creative writers. He writes beautifully, as illustrated in these
ess ays and by his previous book, The Uses of Enchantment,' which
won the National Book Award and the National Book Critic's Circle
Award in 1977."
Illustrated Art Calendar
Features Notable Collection
This is the season for the publication of artistic Jewish calendars
for the year 5741. Holt, Rinehart and Winston beat the -gun in
calendar-publishing by issuing "The Illustrated Jewish Heritage
Desk Calendar 1981." Anticipating the gift seasons, even if Hanuka is
several months away, the publishers have compiled a desk calendar,
with all its qualifications, containing illuminated writings and
gious artifacts in illustrations of ancient and modern origin.
But the publishers also made certain that the Hanuka opportu-
nity is not missed and the calendar commences with December 1980.
The illustrations are from museum collections in Jerusalem.
Pertinent quotations from Jewish leaders, Bible and Talmud
lore, Mishna and Maimonides also are included in more than a score of
pages of this desk calendar.
The multicolored illustrations include an 1844 Jerusalem mar-
riage contract, a Galician 19th Century document, a Megillat Esther
Yemenite parchment scroll, a 19th Century Yosef Hayyim Abulafia-
title page for a booklet for the counting of the Omer, 18th Century
Elijah's chair for circumcision, an 1815 candelabrum of a Turkish
prayer book, and several others of notable significance.
Jewish Issue in Politics
A new trend is in evidence in Jewish magazines and in a number
of books published on the eve of the 1980 Presidential election.
The attitude toward President Jimmy Carter and the policies
pursued by his dealings with Israel are given special consideration.
A major essay on the subject is included in a special issue of the
New Leader. "Carter and the Jews" is a subject treated as a dilemma
in a 23-page article in this special issue by Cynthia Ozick.