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August 29, 1980 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1980-08-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, August 29, 1980 5

Senators, Reagan and Israel Protest U.S. Jerusalem Abstention

(Continued from Page 1)
ticipate in or sanction such
a process.
"Again, outside the
merits of this particular is-
sue, the point is that we
cannot look at every UN
resolution as an indepen-
dent resolution to be judged
on its unique and specific
merits. Rather we have to
look at the international
context and the diplomatic
'Item presented by the
,ies of resolutions relat-
ing to the Middle East
which we are being asked to
consider in the United
States. I don't believe we
have done that — and I do
believe we had better do
that.
"But even on the merits
of the resolution, I simply
cannot understand why
we failed to register our
opposition. When I first
heard of the possibility of
such a vote earlier this
week, I wrote to the
President and expressed
my concern and outlined
my -position on the issue

"All I can say to my col-
leagues is that I believe, in
light of this vote and prev-
ious United Nations votes,

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we should take a more seri-
ous look at the role the Se-
nate is playing in shaping
American policy as re-
flected in the positions
taken by this country in the
United Nations. Because I
do not believe that those
positions reflect the senti-
ment of this body or this
country.”
The Senators who urged
Muskie to veto the UN reso-
lution were: Frank Church
(D-Idaho), Jacob Javits
(R-N.Y.), Daniel Moynihan
(D-N.Y.), Richard Stone
(D-Fla.), Robert Dole (R-
Kans.), John Danforth (R-
Mo.), Paul Laxalt (R-Nev.),
Harrison Williams (D-N.J.),
Joseph Biden (D-Del.), Bob
Packwood (R-Ore.), Alan
Cranston (D-Cal.), Richard
Lugar (R-Ind.) and Paul
Sarbanes (D-Md.).

Reagan Blasts
Carter Hypocrisy

Reagan's statement said:
"I was appalled to see the
United States abstain
rather than veto the resolu-
tion passed by the United
Nations Security Council
Wednesday (Aug. 20). The
resolution not only under-
mines progress toward
peace in the Middle East by
putting the UN on record
against Israel and on one
side of the sensitive issue of
the status of Jerusalem, it
further presumes to direct
other nations, including our
Dutch ally, to move their
embassies from Jerusalem.
By prejudging this most
sensitive issue, Wednes-
day's resolution completely
undercuts the rationale of
UN Resolution 242 ; adopted
in 1967, as the established
framework for negotiating a
Middle East peace settle-
ment. I am shocked that the
Carter AcMinistration,
which has.made so much of
its attempts to bring about
peace in the Middle East,
abstained from voting. By
doing so, it also encourages
the unrelenting harass-
ment of Israel being waged
in the UN, rather than
standing firm in opposition
to it.
The Carter Administra-
tion's failure to veto this

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resolution is not only a dis-
service to the cause of peace,
but it is also ludicrous in
light of the 1980 Democratic
platform which explicitly
recognizes Jerusalem as the
capital of Israel and urges
that the U.S. embassy be
moved there from Tel Aviv.
"Within one short week of
agreeing — in writing — to
run on this platform, Jimmy
Carter acted precisely oppo-
site to its clear provision.
This confusion or hypocrisy
— whichever it is — has
been characteristic of an
administration which on oc-
casion has no idea of how its
UN ambassador is voting at
all.
"Secretary Muskie's
personal appearance at
the UN — in effect to
apologize for the U.S.
abstention — does at
least show that, for once,
Jimmy Carter's secretary
of state knows about a
major U.S. policy change.
But it is no substitute for
a firm and purposeful
U.S. foreign policy.
"In the United Nations
and in every other forum,
the United States should
oppose all moves that would
weaken, qualify or delay the
process for achieveing peace
under Resolution 242. To
that end, the United States
should have vetoed this
resolution as it should all
similar resolutions."
In Washington, Republi-
can chairman Brock said,
"The Palestine Liberation
Organization, in concert
with the Soviet Union and
radical governMents have
for months made clear and
public their intent to expel
Israel from the United. Na-
tions and to destroy the
Egyptian-Israeli peace
treaty. Wednesday's vote in
the UN Security Council
censuring Israel in the
strongest terms' is another
step in this vicious cam-
paign which by itsnature is
as much anti-American as
anti-Israel.
"The Carter Administra-
tion's decision to abstain on
this vote seriously damaged
the prospects for peace in
the Middle East. The failure
to veto the resolution repre-
sented an abandonment of
our commitment to the
peace process, a contribu-
tion to the isolation of a
democratic ally and friend
— Israel, and a violation of
the trust of the American
people by a government
elected to represent the best
interests of our nation.
"There is no doubt that
the PLO and its suppor-
ters introduced this latest
resolution secure in the
knowledge that the Car-
ter Administration would
once again withhold its
veto of UN action against
the peace process and the
Jewish state. The Ad-
ministration's absten-
tions are repugnant; you

.

cannot speak against a
resolution and then re-
fuse to vote against it.
The action belies the
words.
"Analysis of the resolu-
tion illustrates just how
harmful it is to the cause of
peace. Nowhere is there
recognition that Israel and
the Jewish people have any
rights whatsoever to the
holy city of Jerusalem.
Nowhere is there any
recognition of the unholy
experience of that city
under 19 years of Jordanian
occupation when Jews were
denied all access to their
holy sites, when synagogues
were desecrated and when
Jewish tombstones were
used to pave the floors of the
stables of the Arab Legion.
Nowhere is there mention of
the 19 years of barbed-wire
division of the city.
"Instead, the resolution
demands that legisla-
tive and administrative
measures and actions taken
by Israel' be rescinded.
Would it then void the long
overdue unification of the
holy city? Would it cancel
the legal measures enacted
that guaranteed free access
of all faiths to the holy sites?
Would it deny any and all
Jewish rights to the city
, that represents the heart of
the Jewish experience?
"In an additional affront
to international justice,
Wednesday's resolution
also challenges the sover-
eignty of nations to conduct
their own foreign policy, to
withdraw such missions
from the Holy City. Many
nations have had, a long
standing diplomatic
presence in Jerusalem. This
demand that they move
their embassies reiterates
the call by Arab nations last
month who threatened to

use their oil weapon against
any nation not heeding
their dictates. Rather than
denying this act of
blackmail, the United
States chose to do nothing.
Rather than voting against
an abhorrent resolution, the
Carter Administration
simply turned its back . . ."

ess.
Israel last week de-
nounced the Security Coun-
(Continued on Page 6)

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AUTHORIZED
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Begin Writes
Protest to Muskie

Premier Menahem Begin
has written to Muskie to
protest the U.S. abstention.
Israeli sources would not
divulge the contents of the
letter but said it was a
strongly-worded rejection of
the U.S. claim that Israel's
Jerusalem Law was a un-
ilateral move which harmed
the Middle East peace proc-

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