DR. HAROLD SHAPIRO
U-M President Shapiro
to Be Honored by JNF
With Forest in Israel
Dulcie Rosenfeld Will Chair
CJF Assembly Committee
for November Meeting Here
Dr. Harold Shapiro, president of the University of
Michigan will be honored by the Jewish National Fund
Council of Detroit with a forest in Israel, Carmi M.
Slomovitz, president of the. JNF Council, announced this
David Holtzman, who has been named chairman of the
awards committee, said that plans are now being made for
the presentation of the award at the annual dinner of the
JNF, to be held on Oct. 15 at Cong. Shaarey Zedek.
Holtzman said that this year's aim is for a Dr. and Mrs.
Harold Shapiro Forest of 25,000 trees.
Dulcie Rosenfeld will chair the 1980 Detroit Commit-
tee for the 49th general assembly of the Council of Jewish
Federations (Nov. 12-16) at the Plaza Hotel.
The CJF is the umbrella organization of local federa-
tions and welfare funds in the United States and Canada.
Mrs. Rosenfeld is vice president of the Jewish Welfare
Federation and past president of its Women's Division.
Long active in Jewish communal life, Mrs. Rosenfeld was a
recipient of the Sylvia Simon Greenberg Young Leadership
Award in 1968. She serves on the boards of the CJF and
United Jewish Appeal Women's Divisions.
- - and the Dilemmas
for the Voters
in this Crucial
Time in History.
HE JEWISH NEWS
of Jewish Events
A Weekly Review
Commentary, Page 2
VOL. LXXVII, No. 20 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075
and the Voters'
Duties Not to Be
Silent on Issues
Editorial, Page 4
$15 Per Year: This Issue 35c
July 18, 1980
Egypt, Israel Linked as PLO
Targets at UN Women's Event
the "77 group," which consists of 77 non-committed counrties. Mrs. Sadat made
The PLO delegation to the International
no reference to the Cuban amendment which proposes to list Zionism as one of
Women's Conference and most other Arab delegations walked out Tuesday
the "major evils of the world."
when Mrs. Jihan Sadat, the head of the Egyptian delegation, took up the cry of
Mrs. Sadat added that this task should be undertaken until the time comes
"Arab Palestine" just as the Egyptian president's wife started her speech.
when we see the success of the efforts made by Egypt on its part in a spirit of
Dozens of other delegates, mainly from the Arab front of refusal, but also from
honor, courage and honesty for the affirmation of the rights of the Palestinian
Pakistan, Bangladesh and Cuba, joined in their demon-
people to manage their own affairs on the way to self-determination, thus,
stration. Mrs. Sadat looked nonplussed and continued
establishing a just and comprehensive peace for all the nations of the area."
reading from her prepared text throughout the distur-
At this point, Mrs. Sadat stopped reading from her prepared text and
bance which lasted several minutes.
taking off her glasses added "we (the Egyptian delegation) also want to
Mrs..Sadat stressed in her speed' that the Egyptian
reassert the right of all nations in countries in the
delegation is in favor of a resolution
area to live in peace and security within safe and
"demanding that Israel withdraw
The GOP Platform:
recognized borders." The audience which, in spite of
from the Arab lands occupied in
the walkout by some 100 delegates, still consisted of
1967." . She added that the conference
decisions of the Republican
over 2,000 women from over 120 countries broke out
"should also make recommendations
National Convention are reviewed in
into applause and cheers. The Israeli delegation
for specific measures to be taken to
which by the hazards of alphabetic order sits in the
assist and support Palestinian
Jewish Telegraphic Agency and
front row joined in and Mrs. Sadat looked at them
women." Such a resolution providing
with a_slight smile.
for international aid to be channeled
Monday, before the conference formally started she
(Continued on Page 5)
and submitted to the conference by
Tisha b'Av Day of Mourning for World Jewry
Black Day in the History of the Jews
By DVORA WAYSMAN — World Zionist Organization
Lamentations Recited at Western Wall
By SHOLOM MORGAN — World Zionist Organization
The huge mass of uncut, grey stones stand 54 feet high and 35 feet wide, remnants of
Tisha b'Av, which falls this year on Tuesday, is the blackest date of the Hebrew
the Second Temple in Jerusalem's Old City. However, buried beneath the surface are
calendar. Seven terrible calamities befell the Jewish people on this date. Five are .
almost as may layers of stones which are the remnants of the First Temple.
recorded in the Mishna:
There is a difference of opinion among rabbinical
• The decree that Israel should wander through the
authorities, ancient and contemporary, on the ques-
wilderness for 40 years.
tion of whether the Western Wall is the outer defense
• The destruction of the First Temple by
wall of the two Temples, or the Western Wall of the
Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE.
Temple complex itself. The significance of the con-
troversy lies in the fact that those who maintain the
latter opinion forbid approaching — much less touch-
oe• The fall of the fortress of Betar with the sub-
ing — the stones of the Wall.
quent defeat of Bar Kokhba.
After having been denied access to Judaism's holiest
• The ploughing up of Jerusalem by Hadrian in 135
for 19 years by the Jordanians, Israel recap-
Wall and the Old City in June 1967. Since
There were two more tragedies for the Jews recorded
that time, Jews by the thousands come each year to
on this date. In 1290, King Edward I signed an edict
recite prayers at the Wall, said, to be the place from
expelling Jews from England; and on the same date in
the Shekhina — the Divine Presence — had
1492, following the terrible Inquisition, 300,000 Jews
never departed. Still, the joy that accompanied the
led by Abarbanel began to leave Spain after Ferdinand
Western Wall's recapture is somewhat muted for
and Isabella had signed the decree for their expulsion.
some Jews by the fact that, since the Second Temple's
Many people believe that because the state of
destruction in 70 CE, we are unable to witness the
Israel has been re-established there is no longer a
sacred rites that were dutifully performed on the other
necessity for Jews to observe this day of mourn-
side of the Wall.
ing. However, there is an explicit talmudic
The Ninth of Av has for 2,000 years been a day of
statement which decrees continued observance
and prayer, as tradition related that both
even today: He who eats and drinks on Ninth of
This close-up of a section of the Western Wall in
Temples were destroyed on this "blackest day in
Av will not live to see the rejoicing about
Jerusalem shows that the crevices are full of notes
(Continued on Page 8)
placed by the pious and addressed to God.
(Continued on Page 8)