THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
16 Friday, March 14, 1980
`Israel as U.S. Military Base
Is Impeded by the Moslems'
is a pleasure to announce that
has received the agent-of-the-month award as the most out-
standing Representative of our Detroit-Rosenwasser Agency.
The award is in recognition of his excellent service to his
policyholders and our Agency.
Seymour M. Rosenwasser, C.L.U.
30800 Northwestern Hwy.,
Farmington Hills 48018
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WASHINGTON (JTA) —
A Defense Department offi-
cial said last week that
"Moslem states" are damag-
ing themselves by impeding
the U.S. use of military
facilities in Israel.
Robert Komer, undersec-
retary of defense for policy,
expressed that view to 200
editors and broadcasters
from all over the country
attending a series of brief-
ings here at the invitation of
the State Department.
Speaking at length on
Soviet military power and
its use of that power to pene-
trate the Middle East and
threaten the oil fields on
which the West relies,
Komer was asked by Leon
Brown, editor of the Jewish
Times of Philadelphia, why
the Carter Administration
does not take advantage of
military bases in Israel to
help overcome the situation
he described. Komer re-
plied, "We got a little
He said, Most of the
oil-rich states are Mos-
lem" and they make "U.S.
use of Israel a little dif-
ficult to abide by. The
Moslem states — includ-
ing Iran — are biting off
their noses to spite their
"THE JEWISH SOUND"
SUNDAYS 8:00 a.m.
• • •
a different program is
aired Sunday at 6:15 a.m.
on WMJC-FM (95)
Rabbi Yitschak M. Kagan,
. . . and Me'
(Copyright 1980, JTA, Inc.)
HIAS AT 100: Not many American Jewish organiza-
tions can boast of an existence of 100 years. The HIAS can.
Next to Bnai Brith, which was founded 137 years ago in
New York, HIAS is the oldest organization of American
Jewry. It now celebrates its 100th anniversary which wi
be marked with a seven-day celebration (March 17-23.)
There is practically no Jewish family in the U.S. which
did not benefit from the various services of HIAS Sri the
years of Jewish mass immigration from Eastern Europe,
particularly from Czarist Russia.
THE BIRTH OF HIAS: HIAS actually dates back to
1884; the cornerstone for a Jewish immigration aid society
was laid by small benevolent Jewish groups in New York in
1870 after the first 150 Jewish immigrants from Czarist
Russia arrived in this country and were followed by in-
creasing numbers of other groups. It was in 1881, was a
Asked about these dis- result of pogroms which flared up in Russia and spread like
cussions, particularly wildfire in many cities including such as Kiev, Odessa and
with Oman in light of the Warsaw, that the trek of pogrom victims to the United
Administration's "foul- States began. In Warsaw the anti-Jewish riots continued
up" over the UN Security for three days. Some 160 towns and hamlets suffered in
Council resolution con- 1881 pogroms, with more than 100,000 Jews rendered
demning Israeli settle- homeless and destitute. Property damage was estimated at
ment policies, spokes- $80,000,000.
man Carter said, "We
It was then that the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society, the
continue to have satisfac- predecessor of HIAS, was established in New York in a
tory talks with Oman."
basement on Lower East Broadway. A former lunatic
He said, "The discussions asylum on Ward's Island was converted into a reception
on facilities are moving at center for the immigrants. Jacob Schiff, the noted Jewish
an appropriate ,pace" and philanthropist contributed $10,000 — considered a huge
"we expect to use facilities sum in those years — toward the establishment of a medi-
in those countries."
cal service for the immigrants.
Records show that about 20,000 Jewish emigrants
from Russia came to the United States during 1881-1882.
This was the beginning of the Jewish mass emigration from
Russia to this country. The immigration waves from East-
ern Europe assumed higher heights after the founding of
"The Passover Hag-
HIAS two years later. By the year_1900, the number of
gadah" edited by Dr.
Jewish emigrants reached 60,000 a year. It continued to
Nahum Glatzer (Schocken
rise year after year until the U.S. Congress — under pres-
Books) retains its tradi-
sure from the American Federation of Labor which feared
tional character and at the
competition of cheap Iabor — passed a law in 1921 restrict-
same time assumes signifi-
ing immigration and introducting a quota system for im-
cance as a text updated for
migrants. This brought free immigration to an end. Sharp
the present generation.
reductions in the admissions of Jewish immigrants started.
Re-issued as a paperback
Michigan Governor William G. Milliken has de-
by Schocken, the current
clared the week of March 17-23 HIAS Centennial
text includes all the
Week in Michigan.
supplementary readings, a
Gov. Milliken's executive declaration notes that
score of historic annota-
the agency's 100-year history "parallels the
tions, excerpts from the
struggle of generations of persecuted and up-
writings about Passover
rooted Jews to find haven in free countries."
and a number of the best-
Max Fisher, honorary chairman of the Detroit
known names in Jewish
Jewish Welfare Federation's Executive Commit-
tee, is a vice president of HIAS.'Serving on the
HIAS board are David Handleman, general
Holocaust, on Jewish resis-
chairman of the 1980 Allied Jewish Campaign;
tance to tyranny, are among
Jewish Welfare Federation President George M.
the special features in-
Zeltzer, Dr. Leon Fill, Dr. Daniel H. Kruger of East
cluded in this Haggada.
Lansing and Michael Pelavin of Flint.
Illustration from the 1526
Prague Haggada supple-
THE HECTIC YEARS: During the first 40 years of
ment many of the features. its existence, HIAS assisted more than 2,000,000 Jews to
Commentaries in this reach the American shores. The outbreak of World War I
volume are based on the uprooted many thousands of Jews in Russia who were
studies of E.D. evicted from their towns in the war zones by the Czarist
regime as "unreliable elements." They became totall- -
The excerpted writings homeless. At the end of the war, when Poland won it
include those of Nazi vic- independence from Russia, HIAS opened an office in War-
tims of the Holocaust, in- saw, with Adolph Held, the noted Jewish labor leader, as its
cluding Anne Frank, in Let- commissioner. The office efficiently assisted Jewish appl:
ters from the Ghetto; Seder cants in obtaining American visas which were issued libe
Ceremony from the Mishna; ally by the U.S. Consulate in Warsaw until the quota sys-
Solomon Zeitlin's "Jesus tem went into effect.
With the Nazis coming to power in Germany, Jewish
and the Last Supper;"
Moses and the Exodus; from immigration to the U.S. began to rise. A new agency, the
the Talmud and the Mid- United Service for New Americans, was established in the
rash; Martin's Buber, U.S. for these refugees. In 1954, this new agency, HIAS and
"Tales of Hasidim;" Franz the migration department of the Joint Distribution Com-
Rozenzweig's "Feast of De- mittee merged to form a single body known as United HIAS
liverance;" and other im- Service, which HIAS is today. The merged agency has as-
sisted more than 500,000 Jewish refugees from Germany,
portant Passover articles.
—P.S. Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and other countries to
reach the U.S. and other Western lands.
HISTORY: There is no necessity to depict
Jewish Presence here CURRENT
the tremendous job now being done by HIAS in assist-
TEL AVIV (ZINS) — The ing Soviet Jews to reach the United States and other coun-
total population of all the tries of the free world. Soviet Jews arriving now in the U.S.
Jewish settlements on the as immigrants — with the aid of the JDC and HIAS — are
West Bank totals 5,000 per- being resettled in more than 150 communities throughout
Marked by Classic Features
THE "JEWISH SOUND" RETURNS
TO SUNDAY MORNING RADIO
faces," he said. "The Mos-
lem world makes it dif-
ficult for us to use Israeli
bases for our support."
State Department chief
spokesman Hodding Carter
was asked if he agreed with
Komer's views. He declined
to comment directly on
them but observed: "The
question of base facilities in
Israel have been at the same
point over a long period."
The State Department's
official public position has
been that the U.S. does not
wa`nt bases in Israel or
elsewhere in the Middle
East, but is interested in
"facilities" and these are
now under discussion with
Somalia, Kenya and Oman.