16 Friday, May 25, 1919
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
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Tel Aviv U.
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. . . and. Me'
NEW YORK — M. Robert
Hecht of Houston was re-
cently installed as president
of the American Friends of
Tel Aviv University at the
annual meeting of the board
(Copyright 1979, JTA, Inc.)
of directors. He replaces
Joseph H. (Buddy) Strelitz
U.S. JEWISH REACTION: A cautious attitude of
"wait and see" is developing among leading Jewish organ-
of Norfolk, Va.
In addition to his activi- izations in this country with regard to the Soviet govern-
ties with Tel Aviv Univer- ment's new policy of increased Jewish emigration from the
sity, Hecht is a fellow of USSR. Jewish leaders welcome the dramatic increase, 3.- -4-\
Brandeis University, a are anxious to know whether the move is a prelude t \
member of the boards of broader Soviet program with regard to treatment of Jews in
governors of both Tel Aviv the Soviet Union — in the spirit of the detente — or is it just
and Ben-Gurion Univer- a tactical maneuver to create a more positive atmosphere in
sities, and a member of the the U.S. Congress to favor the granting of preferential
board of trustees of Tel Aviv trade and credits — Most Favored Nation status — pre-
University's Center for sently denied to the Soviet Union for not allowing free
emigration. Also, what is the guarantee that the present
increase in emigration will continue after Moscow succeeds
in gaining the MFN treatment?
The general mood among Jewish leadership is that the
TEL AVIV (ZINS) — On Soviet move should not be ignored, and that Moscow's ges-
his recent visit to Israel, ture merits an appropriate response, within the framework
former U.S. Air Force in- of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment to the U.S. Trade Act of
telligence chief Gen. George 1974. This amendment blocks granting of the MFN treat-
Keegan predicted that the ment to any country that does not permit free emigration.
Soviets will foment a coup Jewish organizations have strongly supported it and con-
or assassinate Anwar Sadat tinue to support it, even under the present increased emig-
of Egypt within three years
ration. There are today still about 200,000 Jewish applica-
and stage a revolution in tions for emigration that the Soviet authorities have not
satisfied. Not to speak of the approximately 800 "refusniks"
Gen. Keegan said these whom the Soviets have denied exit visas, many of whom are
events will be a prelude to a
imprisoned or exiled to distant places in Siberia.
new Arab-Israeli war. He
When the Jackson-Vanik Amendment was adopted, a
said the Carter Administra- minimum of 60,000 emigrants a year was set by its suppor-
tion wants peace, but that ters. There is no doubt that the liberalization of emigration
its efforts will bring about
in the Soviet Union will bring many thousands of new
Jewish applications for permission to leave the USSR.
He added that Israel must
THE FLEXIBILITY MOOD: President Carter, now
maintain its forces in Judea inclined to give the Most Favored Nation treatment to
and Samaria to prevent the China, is also favoring this privilege for the Soviet Union.
state from being quickly cut By the terms of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment he can
in two by Arab armies.
grant the MFN privilege should he receive assurances from
the Kremlin that its emigration policy will be such as to
Haifa U. Gets
allow departure without harassment. This waiver would
have to come to Congress for annual renewal.
JDC Grant for
In the light of this waiver, organizations like the
American Jewish Committee are of the opinion that the
NEW YORK — The Joint Jackson-Vanik legislation itself provides a very good
Distribution Committee mechanism for an appropriate response to the Soviet move.
had made grants totalling The argument is: if President Carter receives satisfactory
IL 1,047,600 ($47,600) to assurances from the Soviet government, the waiver to have
Haifa University for train- Congress keep an eye on the fulfillment of these assurances
ing graduate students to — which Jewish organizations insist on having remain in
work with the aged, the force — can serve as an effective "watchdog. "
In the expectation that the total Jewish emigration
handicapped, the disadvan-
taged and other groups re- from the Soviet Union may reach 50,000 this year, Rep.
Charles Vanik (D-Ohio), one of the sponsors of the restric-
One grant of IL 663,600 tive Jackson-Vanik Amendment, favors allowing the
($30,160) was given to the President to cite emigration figures as equivalent of Soviet
university's School of So- assurances. However, Sen. Henry Jackson (D-Wash.), the
cial Work and another other sponsor, still insists on formal assurances.
A trade agreement between the U.S. and the Soviet
grant of IL 384,000
($17,455) was provided to Union was concluded in 1972, but in 1974 restrictive lan-
the newly opened School of guage was introduced in the Trade Act that bars trade
concessions to Communist states unless the President can
state that he has received assurances that emigration will
be liberalized. The Russians were unwilling to give such
NEW YORK (JTA) — assurances, and they suspended the 1972 pact. They also
The first standardized tests began to reduce Jewish emigration from 34,733 in 1973 to
in Jewish history to enable 13,222 in 1975.1t was slightly raised in the following years,
high school and college stu- and rose last year to 28,864 as compared with the 50,"
dents to achieve college cre- expected
this year. DATA: Of the 12,265 Soviet-Jewish
Uni- immigrants assisted by HIAS last year in Rome and Vie-
versity in February by 32 nna with formalities to secure entrance visas to the United
students, most of them States, some 61 percent were in the labor force category,
with about half of them highly-trained or university-
More than 100 students - educ Of
the total number of arrivals, there were more than
are expected to take the twice as many women as men in the professional category.
tests in June.
They were conspicuously notable in medicine (74 percent
women and 26 percent men), in humanities (83 percent - 17
Arab Dies at .140 percent), and in social sciences (71 percent - 29 percent).
JERUSALEM (ZINS) The proportion of men exceeded that of women in arts and
An inhabitant of Doura, entertainment (63 percent - 37 percent), and in sciences (54
near Hebron on the West percent - 46 percent).
Bank, recently died at the
reputed age of 140.
Grant Benefits Judaica Collection
Ahmad Abdel Fattah Es-
SYRACUSE, N.Y. (JTA) Mr. and Mrs. Jerome R.
wetti neither smoked or
drank, had two wives and — A $25,000 fund to Gerber.
Income from the gift will
233 descendants. One of his strengthen the Judaica col-
surviving wives is 100 years lection at Syracuse Univer- be used to buy books, jour-
sity has been established by nals and other materials.