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September 01, 1978 - Image 17

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-09-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, September 1, 1978 17

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Interest in Sephardi Culture Seen Growing Among Spanish Abe Cherow, Says.

By RABBI MARC
ANGEL
Early this century, the
Spanish Senator, Dr. Angel
Pulido, traveled throughout
the Near East and was

amazed to meet Sephardi
Jews who spoke a Hispanic
language. He was awed by
his discovery of living rem-
nants of medieval Spanish
culture and he dedicated

Hebrew U. Dig Uncovers
Gaza Philistine Settlement

A led to illicit digging,

JERUSALEM
Philistine settlement from
which went on for a
the 12th and 11th Centuries number of years and
BCE, has been discovered
brought to light at least
near the ancient cemetery 40 anthropoid clay cof-
of Deir el-Balah in the Gaza fins and a large quantity
Strip by a Hebrew Univer-
of jewelry and other
sity Institute of Archeology finds, all from the late
team led by Prof. Trude •Bronze Age.
Dothan.
The Hebrew University
Staffed by students and archeologists undertook a
graduates of the Universi- systematic salvage excava-
ty's archeology department, tion and survey of the
the dig has been going on cemetery area in 1972, and
since 1972, with the help have continued ever since.
and cooperation of the Israel
The excavators of the
Defense Forces. Dr. Ehud cemetery were sure that
Netzer serves as architect, it must have originally
Dr. Nathan Backler of the belonged to a nearby set-
Geological Institute has tlement. The burial gifts
cooperated, archeological accompanying the dead
staff officer Dov Meron of and the anthropoid cof-
the Gaza Strip Military fins showed that the dead
Government has advised were people of high posi-
and assisted, and the Dorot tion and Egyptian cul-
Foundation of New York tural affiliations who
made the excavation possi- must have lived in the
ble financially.
area.
Four short seasons of dig-
Furthermore, there must
ging in the past two years have been workshops
around the site of a Bronze nearby where the coffins
Age cemetery beneath the and other artifacts were
sand dunes uncovered made, for the brittle clay
well-planned brick build- coffins could not have been
ings with ovens, store jars, transported from far, and
stone grinders, stone mor- archeometric analysis of the
tars and pestles, and flint material has proved that-
implements. The 1978 sea- the coffins were made of
son uncovered the Philis- local clay.
tine settlement, im-
BB Archives
mediately above the late
Bronze settlement and Named for Lax
actually consisting of pits
WASHINGTON — The
dug into it. These pits were
archives gallery of the Bnai
full of typical Philistine pot-
Brith Klutznick Museum
tery; preliminary study
will be named in honor of
suggests that it belongs to
Philip Lax of Maplewood,
two phases, the 12th and
N.J., a business executive
11th Centuries BCE.
whose commitment to Bnai
Systematic excavation
Brith and the Jewish com-
at Deir el-Balah first munity goes back 25 years.
began six years ago after
The Philip Lax Gallery at
local farmers, in the Bnai Brith's international
course of land reclama- headquarters in
tion, discovered' the Washington will house
cemetery buried beneath 40,000 volumes of documen-
the dunes. The discovery tary materials and a per-
manent display of objects
and photos tracing the his-
tory of Bnai Brith.
The facility will also con-
tain a limited selection of
items on American and
European Jewish history
and the establishment and
development of Israel.

much time and effort to re-
claim the Sephardim for
Spain.
He believed that the ex-
pulsion of Jews from Spain
in 1492 was a horrible error
which needed to be rectified
by modern Spain. Dr. Pulido
wrote an important book,
"Espanoles Sin Patria," in
which he described Sephar-
dim as Spaniards without a
fatherland.
At about the same time,
the noted Spanish scfiolar
Ramon Menendez Pidal
generated interest in the
Sephardim from other
points of view. He and
others demonstrated how
faithfully Sephardim had
preserved aspects of
medieval Spanish lan-
guage, folklore, music.

In Madrid, Barcelona
and Granada, small
groups of Spanish Heb-
raists began to emerge.
The Institute Arias Mon-
tano was established and
began publication of a
scholarly journal,
"Sefarad." In 1959, the
Biblioteca Nacional in
Madrid held a major ex-
hibition of Sephardica. In
1964, a symposium of
Sephardi studies was
held in Madrid in which
leading scholars as well
as Sephardi leaders from
throughout the world
participated.
In recent years, Spain's
interest in things Sephardi
has continued to grow. Sev-
eral volumes of the Me'am
Lo'ez, the classic Judeo-
Spanish biblical commen-
tary, have been published in
Madrid by Editorial Gredos
in cooperation with the In-
stituto Ibn Tibbon of the
University of Granada. Two
non-Jewish Spaniards,
Prof. David Gonzalo Maeso
and Pascual Pascual Re-
cuero, have transliterated
the Me'am Lo'ez from Rashi
letters to Latin letters. They
have also provided an in-
formative introduction and
useful notes.



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Zbigniew Brzezinski, assis-
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A new series of books has
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Nueva Sefarad. The vol-
umes are published by
Ameller Ediciones in Bar-
celona. Volume one offers
the Spanish version, "Selec-
cion de Perlas," of Shelomo
Ibn Gabirol. Volume two
deals with angelology in
rabbinic and Sephardi lit-
erature. The third volume is
a basic Ladino-Spanish dic-
tionary prepared by Re-
cuero. Other works, dealing
with Judeo-Spanish prove-
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