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May 19, 1978 - Image 15

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1978-05-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH

Twenty-Five Years Since the 'Doctors' Plot':
1 Mark on Russian Map of Anti-Semitism

By JERRY GOODMAN
and ROBERT SPERO

National Conference
on Soviet Jewry
(Copyright 1978, JTA, Inc.)

NEW YORK — Com-
munists and Czarists alike
have never concealed their
hatred of Jews. There has
always been acute anti-
Semitism in the Soviet
Union. Without hesitation,
with premeditated malice,
the Russians have used
Jews as scapegoats to
camouflage the weaknesses
of their respective political
systems.
There are many anniver-
saries to mark Soviet anti-
Semitism. They celebrate a
wide range of intimidation
and death, from trumped-up
criminal charges and pog-
roms to blood libels and
mass murder. And every
anti-Semitic anniversary,
whether inscribed in his-
tory books or carved on the

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hearts of unknown victims,
has been a precursor to the
circumstances every Soviet
Jew finds himself in today if
he so much as opens his
mouth to opt for emigration.
Perhaps no anniversary
has been so rooted in evil as
the treacherous Doctors'
Plot which was officially
announced by the official
Soviet government news-
paper, Izvestia on Jan. 3,
1953. In an article head-
lined "Spies and Murderers
Masking as Scientists and
Physicians," Izvestia re-
ported "the arrest by the
State Security Organs of a
terrorist group of physi-
cians who made it their aim,
by means of prescribing
harmful treatment, to shor-
ten the lives of active lead-
ers of the Soviet Union."
The article amounted to a
blood libel against all Soviet
Jews.

Izvestia continued,
"The majority of the ter-
rorist group — (Drs.)
Vovsi, B. Kogan,
Feldman, Grinshtein,
Etinger and others, sold
themselves body and soul
to a branch of the Ameri-
can intelligence — the in-
ternational Jewish
bourgeois-nationalist
organization, the 'JOINT'
(Joint Distribution
Committee). Numerous
irrefutable facts (which
the article never reveals
and which were sub-
sequently never proved)
have fully exposed the
disgusting image of this
dirty spying Zionist
organization, which
hides behind the mask of
philanthropy.

In their striving to
achieve world rule, the
monopolists of the U.S.A.
and their British ac-
complices in the aggressive
imperialist camp, make use
of all the most vile means
and methods of undermin-
ing activities. Feverishly
preparing for the launching
of a new world war, the

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American and British im-
perialists are striving to
achieve what the Hitlerites
failed to do — to create in
the USSR their undermin-
ing 'Fifth Column'."
To prove their contrived
theory, Izvestia and every
other important Soviet
journal — in remarkably
identical wording which
appears to be no accident —
declined to pin the rap on a
handful of Jewish doctors.
The article was not the
beginning but the climax of
Jewish persecution in a
period called the "Black
Years" which began in 1948
and ended briefly following
the death of Stalin on March
5, 1953.

Long before the "Doc-
tors' Plot," overt and
covert anti-Semitic
trends surfaced in the
Soviet Union. Even dur-
ing World War II, these
trends were visible. They
were manifested in the
hardships inflicted on
Jewish soldiers serving
in the Red Army, and in
the treatment of the
Jewish masses who es-
caped the Nazi invaders
by moving into the inter-
ior of the USSR.

During the Soviet-
German Treaty (1939-
1941), many Jews were ex-
pelled from governmental
posts, especially in the
foreign office. The war
against the Nazis forced the
Soviets to tone down overt,
official anti-Semitism, and
even engage in a few ges-
tures, such as the creation of
the Jewish Anti-Fascistic
Committee, to gain world
Jewish support.
But following the war, the
campaign against the
"Cosmopolitans" (persons
without origin and home-
land) intensified and served
as the basis for the expul-
sion of Jews from the social,
political, scientific, literary
and professional spheres of
Soviet life.
A pogrom atmosphere
was created. Jews were ter-
rified of venturing out of
their homes.

Friday, May 19, 1318 15

Baseball Star Blomberg Cited

nerve-wracking suspense,
the Jews were notified that
the charges were cancelled.
The doctors, those who were
still alive, were released
and their names cleared.
The investigator in charge
of the case, and Beria, the
head of internal security,
were executed.

For a time the incite-
ment against Jews sub-
sided, and this, the most
recent act of Soviet anti-
Semitism, seemed only
like another bad dream.
But, slowly, Soviet Jews
returned to the "head-
lines" under different
guises and under dif-
ferent names: specu-
lators, thieves, robbers,
mohalim,
rabbis,
Zionists-
shokhtim,
nationalists. The situa-
tion in the Middle East
provided rich material
for the Kremlin and a
basis for the continuing
attacks on Jews and
Zionism who were por-
trayed as the enemies of
humanity, as the fascists
had been portrayed dur-
ing the war.

CHICAGO — Chicago
White Sox slugger Ron
Blomberg is the May reci-
pient of the Gordon's Gin
Good Guy Award.
The award honors
athletes and sports per-
sonalities who have demon-
strated an awareness and
sensitivity to others not as
fortunate as themselves.
Blomberg teaches sandlot
baseball to inner-city youth,
raises money for retarded
children on "One to One"

telethon appearances and
has been active in United
Jewish Appeal fund-raising
activities.

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The present anti-Semitic
campaign being conducted
against Jews in the Soviet
Union is identical, in letter
and spirit to all the anti-
Semitic campaigns ever
conducted in Russia.

The Doctors' Trial was
a well-orchestrated plan
which was to culminate
in a public show trial de-
picting the "crimes of the
Jewish people." At the
end of this trial, the doc-
tors were to have been
executed publicly, and
the Jewish population
was to have been shipped
from the large urban cen-
ters to the east, "to pro-
tect them from the wrath
of the indignant masses."

It now appears that a
mass destruction of Soviet
Jews would have followed
the staged doctor's trials.
Only Stalin's sudden
death on March 5, 1953,
saved the Jewish people in
the Soviet Union from a de-
struction which undoub-
tedly would have been com-
parable in magnitude to the
Holocaust.
A month after Stalin's
death, a terrible month of

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