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September 23, 1977 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-09-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

10 Friday, September 234 1977 THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Rabbis Visit Russia, Say U.S. Jews' Anti-Soviet Drive Hurts Peers

By DAVID FRIEDMAN

(Copyright 1977, JTA, Inc.)

NEW YORK—The Chief
Rabbis of Moscow and
Romania fear that contin-
ued attacks on the Soviet
Union by American Jews
will endanger the Jewish

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community in the USSR,
according to two New York
Orthodox rabbis who
recently met with them.
Rabbis David Hollander
and Abraham Gross, both
former presidents of the
Rabbinical Alliance of
America. described their
recent visit to Romania, the
Soviet Union and Poland.
Rabbi Yaacov Fishman.
chief rabbi of Moscow who
met with the two visiting
Americans at his home
where he was recuperating
from an operation, was,
according to Hollander.
"very clear and unequivocal

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wall in Russian and
that protests against the
Hebrew. It called the Soviet
Soviet Union by American
Union the "protector of
Jews makes Russian Jews
peace for the whole world."
potential targets of anti-
There is a yeshiva in Mos-
Semites in Russia."
cow which trains religious
Hollander said that when
functionaries. Hollander
they met with Rabbi Moses
said. It is not attended by
Rosen, chief rabbi of
children but by college
Romania, in Bucharest he
graduates. some of whom
also warned against antago-
are in their 30s and 40s. who
nizing the Soviet Union.
can later take the jobs of
Rosen said that the Roma-
shohets and mohels. In Mos-
nian government might be
cow there is a daily minyan,
praised sometimes by U.S.
but in Kiev and Leningrad
Jews for some of the good it
the two rabbis found that
has done for Jews.
Hollander stressed that there were only services on
he and Gross were mem- Shabat.
bers of the segment of _ In the Moscow Syna-
American Jewry that gogue Jews carry out the
"shares" this view. He said normal synagogue function
that when dealing with a of studying the Talmud,
major power like the Soviet something which does not
Union, a negotiating spirit occur in other cities. They
might accomplish more
than hostility. They said for ADL to Sponsor
this reason they did not Holocaust Parley
meet with any of the Jewish
NEW YORK—Teaching
activists while in the USSR.
Both Fishman in Moscow in secondary schools about
and Rosen in Bucharest genocide and the Holocaust
spoke out strongly against will be the focus of a three-
Jews who leave either the day conference to be held
Soviet Union or Romania at the Sheraton Conference
with visas for Israel and Center, La Guardia Airport,
then go to another country. Oct. 9-11. under the sponsor-
the two American rabbis ship of the Anti-Defamation
reported.
League of Bnai Brith and
For Hollander. who is the National Council for the
rabbi at Mt. Eden Jewish Social Studies.
Center in the Bronx, this
Responding to recent re-
was his eighth visit to the newed interest in the sub-
USSR since he first went in ject, some 200 educators
1956 when he was then pres- from the U.S., Canada and
ident of the Rabbinical Europe will meet to corn-
Council of America. For pare and explore ideas for
Gross, rabbi of Cong. channelling this interest in
Shaare Hatikvah in Manhat-
tan's Washington Heights the Holocaust into in-
section, the trip was his tensive, systematic educa-
tional programs at the sec-
first.
Hollander, whose last trip ondary school level.
Participants will examine
was in 1973, said he found
the atmosphere much more various perspectives of the
relaxed than in previous Nazi era and other in-
years. People were more stances of genocide while
willing to meet with foreign- analyzing the implications
ers and for the first time he of the Holocaust for society
was allowed to visit a Rus- and the schools.
sian Jevirish official's home
450 Flights Due
when he went to see
Fishman.
BONN—Israel's CAL Air
He also noted that Gross
Lines is expected to fly 450
and he were met at the Mos- jumbo jet flights to and
cow airport by Yaakov
Michenberg, vice president from from Cologne, West
Germany, in the coming
of the Moscow Jewish com-
munity. He said that Sholom season.
Last year, the first for
Kleinman, president of the
CAL, 250 flights were log-
Moscow Synagogue. is a dif-
ferent type of official from ged. The line has handled
the others who precede him.
Israeli exports of fruit,
He noted that Kleinman is vegetables and flowers to
learned in Judaism and Germany and the European
wants to do in Moscow what Common Market.
Rosen has done in
Romania—convince that
Lufthansa Flights
government that the Jewish
to
Israel Increase
religion can exist in an athe-
BONN—Germany's Luf-
ist state without disloyalty
to the government.
thansa air lines reported
Hollander and Gross said
that in the first half of 1977
one incongruity they found
its Germany-Tel Aviv route
was that in a Communist
handled 27.500 more passen-
state which is officially
gers than all of Lufthansa's
atheistic. the government
other
routes combined.
welcomes a prayer which is
said for it in the Moscow Holocaust Haggada
Synagogue. In fact, they Fund Is Forming
noted. the prayer was
NEW YORK—The
posted on the synagogue
Holocaust Haggada Founda-
Hotel Board Picks tion is being formed, and
artists have been commis-
Grossinger Kin
sioned to create new works.
NEW YORK—Elaine
In March 1978 these new
Grossinger-Etess. executive
works in dance. film.
music. painting. sculpture.
vice nresident and secre-
drama and poetry, will be
tary of Grossinger Hotel
presented.
and Country Club was elect-
For information. write
ed for a one-vear term as
The Holocaust Haggada
second vice president of the
Foundation. 48 W. 22nd St..
hoard of directors of the
New York, N.Y. 10010. (212-
New York, Hotel and Motel

the kosher slaughter of
said they found a Yiddish
meat and poultry and it will
newspaper, the Birobidjan
now be permitted to import
Star, which is published
Jewish religious articles
weekly in that central Asian
and books from abroad.
republic, but was dis-
The two rabbis said they
tributed at the Moscow
also visited Samarkand
Synagogue.
Kleinman told the Ameri- because they wanted to see
can rabbis that the Jewish a community of Sephardic
community had enough Jews. H ere they found
daily minyanim attended at
wheat for matza last Pass-
over and one of the reasons 5 a.m. with a large number
of young people.
it asked that none be
The two rabbis, who spent
imported from abroad is
that the community makes nine days in the Soviet
some of its money from the Union, said the most pleas-
sale of matza. He said that ant part of their trip was
last year they were given their four days in Romania.
They visited Bucharest
160 tons of wheat for matza
eight other communit
and expect to receive 200
and were given offical
tons next Passover.
receptions by Rosen and
Kleinman also told the
members of the Jewish
Americans that new facil-
community.
ities have been providedior

The Bagels Keep Rolling Along

By DAVID SCHWARTZ

(Copyright 1977, JTA, Inc.)

There is good news this
week. Wondrous news ! The
bagel is catching on in
England.
David Margulies, a New
Jersey businessman, has
opened an American bagel
shop in London and is sell-
ing between 20 and 30,000
bagels a week. He plans to
open 10 more bagel shops in
London and finally have
them all over England.
The English pronounce it
like the Galitzianer—bye-
gel. They are still a bit puz-
zled about it. They ask what
the heck it is—as they eat it.
What is a bagel?- There is
an old Jewish saying,
"Gebencht zol zein der vos
hot oisgetrakht bagel
essen." (Blessed be the one
who discovered, bagel
eating. )
But Jews never asked.
what is a bagel? However,
they did ask many questions
about the bagel; deep-
philosophical questions.
There is the hole in the
bagel. They were intrigued
by the hole. What,. they
asked. became of the hole
of the bagel after the bagel
is eaten? The deep thinkers
finally concluded that the
hole of the bagel after it is
eaten moves to the kesh-
eneh (the pocket) which has
to pay for the bagel.
The well-known writer. B.
Kovner, said that many/
Jewish bakers discontinued
making bagels because they
ran out of holes.
The shape of_ the bagel
also stirred the interest of
the philosophical-minded.
The bagel is round.The cir-

.

cle. as Ralph Waldo Emer-
son pointed out, is the pri-
mary art form.
Roundness is also a sym-
bol of the democratic idea.
When Jefferson was Presi-
dent of the United States, he
ordered that the tables for
all the social functions in
the White House be oval
shaped, so that no one—not
even the President—would
be at the head of the table.
Britons eating bagels will
become more Jewish
because the bagel is . very
Jewish. Jews say, "es is
shyer tzu zein a Yid." (It's
hard to be a Jew.) It's hard
to be a bagel, too. All bagels
are hard. But there is more
pleasure in doing hard
things. The hardness of the
bagel shows that it is free of
the cholesterol-producing
substances about which doc-
tors warn us. It is fat which
produces cholesterol and it
is the absence of the fat
which makes bagels hard,
so bagels are healthy.

Now that England is going
in for the bagel, maybe it
will learn of the bialy which
is similar to a bagel, made
with onions. The bialy, as
the name indicates, origi-
nated in Bialystok, a
famous Jewish center. It
was also the home of the
Jewish eye doctor, Dr. Lud-
wig Zamenhoff, who
invented Esperanto. He
hoped through a world lan-
guage to further world
peace. Bagel-eating, if we
remember all the lessons in
democracy that the bagel
teaches, may perhaps be a
better instrument for fur-
thering world peace.

AJ Committee Asks Citizens
To Focus on Politics, Energy

NEW YORK—The Ameri-
can Jewish Committee has
called upon citizen groups
to discuss "the critical
choices" that face the
United States in the inter-
play of economic. social.
and political factors in-
volved in the nation's
energy crisis.
This call comes at the
end of a 20-page booklet ti-
tled "Issues and Options in
Energy Policy." written by
Arnold E. Safer. vice presi-
dent of the economic and
planning division of the Ir-
ving Trust Co.
In his text. Safer points
out that for the U.S. to con-
tinue its role as world lead-

age its international affairs
on the basis of its own inter-
ests and those of its dem
cratic allies. ,
As an example. Safer
said that the more oil the
U.S. buys from OPEC, the
price-fixing Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Coun-
tries, "the more American
jobs and businesses become
vulnerable to politically in-
spired pressures and maneu-
vers by OPEC. The faster
we decrease our depend-
ence on foreign,energy, the
sooner we can reduce
OPEC's stranglehold on our
economy and its threat to
our political freedom and
those of other oil-dependent 1
----qttesttcfrrs-u,,,A. .-

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