100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

The University of Michigan Library provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes. These materials may be under copyright. If you decide to use any of these materials, you are responsible for making your own legal assessment and securing any necessary permission. If you have questions about the collection, please contact the Bentley Historical Library at bentley.ref@umich.edu

June 25, 1976 - Image 25

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-06-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

7 MIONINS

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Hebrew U. Holds
Student Elections

JERUSALEM (ZINS) —
In elections to the Students
Council of the Hebrew Uni-
versity the Likud slate won
37 delegate seats out of a to-
tal of 94. The Ma'arach list
elected 13 delegates — a
decline of almost 50 percent
compared with the previous
balloting. The joint list of
Arab students and left-wing
elements placed 19 dele-
gates in the Council while
the religious bloc elected 10
delegates.

Right in Your
Own Driveway!

\ _

THE
TUNE
-UP
MAN








They come to your
home or office with
their "garage-on-
wheels. - Valet
service that doesn't
cost one penny extra!
Expert diagnostic tune-up
Electronic analyzer -- all
engine systems
Professionally trained
mechanics
Perfect results assured

Call Sanford Rosenberg

398-3605

6-cyl. cars $31.50 includes
EVERYTHING: Labor AND Parts.
4 and 8 cyl. comparatively iow.
Mastercharge and BankAmericard

`Commitment' : Living Labor
Zionist Movement in America

By ALLEN A. WARSEN

The origin of the Labor
Zionist movement goes back
to the last decade of the 19th
and to the first of this cen-
tury. The movement started
simultaneously in Ger-
many, Switzerland and in
the Russian Pale of Settle-
ment. Its ideologists were
Dr. Nachman Syrkin, Dov
Ber Borochov and Dr.
Chaim Zhitlovsky.
In the United States
small groups of Poale Zion
(Workers of Zion) began to
form early this century; and
in 1905 there were enough
groups to form a national
organization. It was offi-
cially established at the
Philadelphia convention the
same year. Three years
later the Jewish National
Workers Alliance (Der Far-
band) was organized. In
1972 it changed its name to
Labor Zionist Alliance.
This movement Jacob
Katzman portrays interest-
ingly and vividly in his me-
moir "Commitment,” sub-
titled "The Labor Zionist
Life-Style in America"
(Labor Zionist Letters, New
York, 1975). The memoir is
preceded by a "Foreword"
by Marie Syrkin.
At the time the Poale
Zion began to form in Eu-
rope, there already existed
the World Zionist Organi-
zation and the Socialist
Bund, both founded in 1897

CATERING

„,„

I

-

FOR ALL OCCASIONS

Seating Up to 400

Call Our Banquet Manager
682-4300

Shenandoah Country Club

›.

There is only one

r—

f/

IT'S BECAUSE OF
LEADERSHIP IN SALES
AND SERVICE

FULL SERVICE IN:
• leasing
• rental
• motor homes
* licensed service
technicians

TarT12ROFF BUICK-OPEL,

Inc.

28585 Telegraph / Southfield, Mich. 48075 / 313-353-1300

— the former in Basel,
Switzerland, the latter in
Vilno, Russia.
It isn't, therefore, surpris-
ing that the Poale Zion com-
bined elements of the ideol-
ogies of both these
organizations "into a com-
prehensive ideology — one
that synthesized Jewish na-
tionalsim, elements of
Marxist dialectic material-
ism, Jewish ethics, the
ideals of prophecy, utopian-
sim, and the apocalyptic vi-
sion of a better world for all
mankind."
However, the author is
only indirectly concerned
with party ideology. His
main interest, as the book's
sub-title indicates, is the
movement's life-style. He is
interested in matters such
as self-help, mutual-aid,
meetings, picnics, and
"chavershaft."
What is "chavershaft?"
"In the movement," the
author explains, "the chav-
erim (friends, fellows, mem-
bers) formed an enlarged,
closely knit family. They
often felt closer to one an-
other and had more in corn-
mon than with their blood
relations . . . To be sure we
had an affection for aunts,
uncles and cousins . . . But
the truth of the matter is
that we spent more time,
and more happy times, with
my parents' chaverim and
their children."
Just as "chavershaft"
was an integral part of the
life-style of the Poale Zion,
so were its meetings.
There were weekly branch
meetings, executive meet-
ings, Friday night lecture
gatherings, and Saturday
night "Mlave Malkes." -
The Mlave Malke is the
counterpart of the "Ka-
boles Shabes." Both were
introduced by Jewish mys-
tics in the Middle Ages.
The Cabalists associated
the Sabbath with a queen
or a bride, and as queen
they inaugurated the Sab-
bath by reciting special
psalms and singing
hymns. The best known
hymn is "Lecho Dedi"
("Come, my friend, to
meet the Bride") com-
posed by Rabbi Solomon
Halevy Akabetz.
In similar manner they
ushered out the Queen-Sab-
bath. At present the bidding
farewell to the Queen, the
Mlave Malke, is celebrated
on Saturday nights with
distinctive meals and
"Zmires" (table hymns).
. At the party meetings
chaverim were eager to
show off their skill in public
speaking and their often
rudimentary knowledge of
parliamentary procedure.
Humorous by-play occurred
frequently. Once at a meet-
ing a chaver kept insisting
that he wants the floor even
though the subject was al-
ready closed. In exaspera-
tion, the chairman finally
told him: "Sit down because
I do not recognize you." —
"What do you mean you
don't recognize me," the
chaver exclaimed in aston-
ishment. "We played pin-
ochle last night.
Since its formation the

Labor Zionist movement
has participated in all
phases of American union
activities. The Poale Zion
even established unions of
certain trades. In Chalsea,
where the author grew up,
the Poale Zion organized a
union of rag-pickers con-
sisting mostly of bearded
orthodox Jews. The union
did not last long.
The Poale Zion were also
active in the fight against
child-labor, for better work-
ing conditions in the facto-
ries and shops, and in the
struggle . against restrictive
immigration legislation
aimed primarily against
Jews.
When the Bolsheviks
gained power in Russia, a
split occurred in the ranks
of the Poale Zion. "Some
of yesterday's chaverim
became today's enemies.
Not only branches of the
movement, but also fami-
lies were split assunder."
Still, the majority of the
members remained loyal.
to their party and opposed
to Communism.
Their opposition grew in
intensity when the Com-
munists, especially the Jew-
ish Communists hailed the
Arab massacre of defense-
less yeshiva students in
Hebron in 1929 as a revolt
against Zionist imperialism
and acclaimed the Grand
Mufti of Jerusalem as a re-
volutionary hero. From that
time on "the chaverim re-
fused to sit at the same ta-
ble or to appear on any plat-
form together with them."
The chaverim, moreover,
gave expression to their feel-
ings of abhorrence by put-
ting the Communists "in the
dock of public opinion" by
staging public trials
throughout the country. The
most famous took place in
Cooper Union in New York.
"In the folklore of the move-
ment, there remained espe-
cially the story of Hayim
Greenberg's plea for the
defense. In a brilliant peror-
ation, he pleaded for the
Jewish Communists—on
the grounds of insanity."
Jacob Katzman served for
many years as president of
the Jewish Teacher Semi-
nary-Herzliah. Currently he
is the executive-secretary of
the Labor Zionist Alliance.

Herzog To Become
Information Head?

JERUSALEM (ZINS) —
Reports are circulating in
government circles that
Ambassador Chaim Herzog
may be asked to assume the
position of Information
Minister. Several members
of the cabinet who visited
Europe and America re-
cently have returned with
strong criticism of the inad-
equate counter-propaganda
effort which Israel is mak-
ing against the propaganda
of the Arab governments.
At the same time, Foreign
Minister Yigal Allon,
praised Herzog's statements
at the U.N. and on Ameri-
can TV and radio as a most
effective rebuttal and expos-
ition of the Israeli case.

x

ELECT

June 25, 1976 25

BERNARD L.

KAIIFINAn

FOR JUDGE OF OAKLAND
COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT

be Cherow, Says

I

I

I

I

PEOPLE WHO KNOW REAL
VALUE HAVE ACCEPTED
ARTISTIC UPHOLSTERERS
AS THEIR UPHOLSTERER.
WE KNOW YOU'LL BE
HAPPY WITH OUR SERV-
ICES, BECAUSE THOU-
SANDS OF YOUR FRIENDS
ARE.

I

ARTISTIC
UPHOLSTERERS INC.

3755 SCHAEFER RD

(1 block North of Ford Rd.)

LU 4-5900
Dearborn
Open Daily 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

ABE CHEROW, President

CALL LI; 4-5900

Dear Friends and Customers:

We opened our

NEW BRANCH

EVERGREEN PLAZA,

12 MILE & EVERGREEN



Southfield,

557-0340

Thank you for your generous response. We
promise to serve you WELL, as always.

RANIER'S

PASTRY

also at Livernois at 7 Mile,

FELDBRO

862-9196

QUALITY MEATS

(Trimmed Rite, Priced Rite)

NOW TWO LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU BETTER
20233 W. 7 MILE and
6676 ORCHARD LAKE RD. (W. Bloomfield Plaza)

USDA CHOICE NEW YORK

STRIP STEAK
$ 8.9

By the piece

I

lb.

stock up nowt CUT UP & FREEZER WRAPPED FREE

FELDBRO'S OWN HOME MADE

PICKLED CORNED BEEF

FREE PARKING AT BOTH LOCATIONS

20233 W. 7 MILE

6676 ORCHARD LAKE RD.

2 blocks W. of Evergreen
corner Kentfield
Mon., Tues., Wed., Thurs: 9-6
Fri. 9-9; Sat. 8-7; SUN. 8-4

South of Maple
West Bloomfield Plaza
9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Monday thru Saturday

KE 4-7522

Thurs. to 8 p.m.

626-4656

I

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan