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December 26, 1975 - Image 36

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-12-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

36 December 26, 1975

Israel, U.S. Join Walk-Out Blasting UNESCO Anti-Zionism Resolution

PARIS (JTA) — The
United States, Israel and 10
other nations walked out of
( the UNESCO conference
here last week in an angry
demonstration of protest
against the adoption of a
Yugoslav-sponsored draft
resolution which included a
clause calling attention to
the UN General Assembly
vote for the measure equat-
ing Zionism with racism.
Several other countries,
among them Norway, Ecua-
dor, Austria and Venezuela,
remained in the hall but are
refusing to participate in
the proceedings or have
served notice that they will
vote against the final docu-
ment.
The walk-out countries
included eight member

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states of the European Eco-
nomic Community — the
ninth, Luxembourg, was
absent — Australia and
Canada. Mexico also was ab-
sent and boycotted the vote.
Letters bitterly condemning
the Yugoslav amendment
were sent to the conference
chairman by the U.S. dele-
gate, Donald F. Stowe, and
the Italian delegate, Ludov-
ico Carducci Artenisio on
behalf of the Common Mar-
ket states.
A letter stressing that
the amendment was "in
flagrant contradiction of
the declared aims of the
meeting," was submitted
by the Israeli delegate,
Avraham Primor. The
conference chairman Jo-
seph Grohman of Czecho-
slovakia, refused to read
the letters to the confer-
ence on the grounds that
such a step was contrary
to UNESCO procedure.
But the effect was obvious
to all delegates and specta-
tors. The conference hall in

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the UNESCO building was world news media should
half empty as a result of the deal with subjects such as
walkout and the absence of racism and war propa-
many other delegates who ganda. The draft resolution
preferred to remain outside will go before the UNESCO
while awaiting instructions General conference when it
from their governments. convenes in Nairobi, Kenya
The crisis was precipi- in October, 1976.
Many countries, includ-
tated when UNESCO voted
36-22 with seven abstentions ing Mexico, boycotted the
to include in a draft resolu- vote with the result that
tion a reference to the UN the Yugoslav amendment
General Assembly's Nov. 10 was adopted by less than a
vote identifying Zionism as quarter of the UNESCO
member states — 36 out of
a form of racism.
The resolution itself was 136.
Israel, nevertheless, took
concerned with how the

Latin American Olim Body
Holds Conference in Israel

NATANYA (JTA) — The nomic and security situa-
13th national conference of tion in Israel was a major
the Association of Immi- deterrent and another nega-
grants from Latin Ameri- tive factor was the aliena-
can Countries met here. tion of Latin American Jews
Premier Yatzhak Rabin from their Jewish identity
addressed the gathering on and hence from Zionism.
Seroussi also blamed the
the importance of aliya and
lack of coordination be-
said Israel had the strength
tween the government's
to overcome all of its trials
Absorption Ministry and
despite the current eco-
the Jewish Agency which
nomic difficulties. But the
creates a situation in
main concern of the meeting
which one authority is of-
was the dramatic decline in
ten unaware of the prom-
aliya from Latin American
ises made to olim by the
countries—only 1,500 this
other.
year compared to 3,000 in
The Conference is calling
1974 and 4,500 in 1973.
for the establishment of a
Rafael Seroussi, chair-
man of the association, sug- single autonomous author-
gested some reasons why ity to handle immigration
Latin American aliya was and absorption. It is also de-
drying up despite a deterio- manding a public investiga-
tion into the Housing Minis-
rating political and eco-
try's failure to provide
nomic situation for Jews in
many South American immigrants with the flats
countries. He said the eco- promised them.

UNESCO officials seemed
highly unhappy over the
crisis and the ensuing walk-
out. The organization's di-
rector, Amadou Makhtar
M'Bow, said in a television
interview that the vote "is
not in any way a UNESCO
decision. UNESCO has only
two organs: the general con-
ference which will meet
next October and the execu-
tive council. It will be only
after the general conference
studies the draft that it can
be adopted by UNESCO."
He said that accusing
UNESCO "is a matter
bad faith."

a serious view of the matter.
In a statement before the
vote, Primor urged dele-
gates to defeat the amend-
ment "so as to stop UNES-
CO's moral and spiritual
decadence." He said the
measure "is not only a refer-
ence to a General Assembly
vote but is a blow to Israel's
very existence" since Zion-
ism "is the ideology which
helps Jews regain their na-
tional identity and dignity."
Israeli sources said they
considered the vote "se-
rious" because it will be pre-
sented before all interna-
tional organizations with
unpredictable results.
Israeli sources expressed
hope that the walk-out will
make other international
organizations "think twice"
before trying to adopt anti-
Israel resolutions.
The Arabs are known to
be planning to submit sim-
ilar resolutions to the
World Health Organiza-
tion (WHO), the Food and
Agricultural Organization
(FAO) and several other
bodies.

JOE MILLER

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Security Council M.E. Debate
Focus of Atherton Israel Trip

TEL AVIV (JTA) — As-

sistant Secretary of State
Alfred Atherton arrived in
Tel Aviv Monday from Cairo
for a 20-hour visit during
which he is expected to con-
vey to Israel's leaders Arab
views on the Security Coun-
cil's Middle East debate due
to begin Jan. 12.
Atherton has visited sev-
eral Arab capitals on his
current tour of the Middle
East. He told reporters at
Ben-Gurion Airport that
the purpose of his trip was
to ascertain the latest think-
ing of the various countries
in the area with a view to-
ward "continuing the dia-
logue in search of a just and
lasting peace."
Atherton was scheduled
to meet Monday with Pre-
mier Yitzhak Rabin and
Foreign Minister Yigal Al-
lon. The Security Council
debate and the PLO's par-
ticipation in it were ex-
pected to be the main sub-
ject of their talks. Israel has

Soviet Jew Given
Permission to Exit

NEW YORK (JTA) — Dr.
Erma Cherniak, a Lenin-
grad activist, has been given
permission to leave the So-
viet Union, it was reported
by the Student Struggle for
Soviet Jewry. The 46-year-
old electronics engineer has
been trying to get an exit
visa since 1972.

served notice that it would
boycott the debate if the
PLO is present.
That issue was also re-
portedly the main subject of
Atherton's talks in Cairo
Sunday with Egyptian For-
eign Minister Ismail
Fahmy. Fahmy said after-
ward that the exchange of
views had been useful but
added nothing new. He said
the situation with respect to
the Security Council debate
would become clearer next
month.

Jewish Collection
of Music Donated

NEW YORK — A collec-
tion of 100 tapes and pro-
gram scripts of "On Wings
of Song," a series of radio
programs devoted to Jewish
liturgical music, was pre-
sented to the Lincoln Center
Music Library by George
Weissman, vice chairman of
Philip Morris Inc. on behalf
of its subsidiary, the Miller
Brewing Co. of Milwaukee,
Wis.
Cantor Paul Kwartin who
serves as host of "On Wings
of Song" said that the tapes
include 30 world premiers,
and some 80 other musical
compositions heard over the
radio for the first time.
The collection features
Hebrew liturgical music
Jewish folk and art songs,
and examples of the canto-
rial art from many parts of
the world.

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