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September 05, 1975 - Image 16

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-09-05

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.16 Friday, September 5, 1975


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New Israel Egypt Agreement is Initialed

Mordechai Gazit, Israel's
Ambassador-designate to
France and Gen. Herzl

Shafir, of the army high
command, signed the new
interim pact with Egypt on
Israel's behalf in Geneva
Thursday. Gazit, former
Director General of the
Prime Minister's Office and
Gen. Shafir, wild signed the
disengagement agreement_
with Syria last year, will
comprise Israel's technical
team which will work out
the details of the military
protocol with Egypt neces-
sary to implement the ac-
cord. The latter is expected
to be signed at Geneva be-
fore the end of the month.
Police Minister Shlomo
Hillel, the only cabinet
member who abstained
from voting on the agree-
ment which his 18 fellow
ministers approved Sunday,
said he would obey Labor
Party and coalition disci-
pline' when the Knesset ap-

Best Wishes
To the Entire
for a
Happy Healthy and





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New Sinai Pact-
Aired Saturday
by Lou Gordon

The new Sinai pact be-
tween Israel and Egypt will
be among the subjects Lou
Gordon will discuss in his
program on Channel 50 10
p.m. Saturday night.
Gordon will interview
Jewish News Editor Philip
Slomovitz on the subject.

■ 111111111 ■

Milt Gorelick, Moe Caplan

and the Staff of

Milt's 9 Mile & Coolidge Servicecenter

(corner 9 Mile and Coolidge)

Wish All Their Friends & Customers

A Happy, Healthy and Prosperous


1975 (•:
5736 ,y


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extends best wishes to all
for a happy, joyous
New Year

proved the pact Wednesday.
Tuesday, the Labor Party
voted 350 in favor, four op-
posed and four abstentions
to support the pact in - the
Knesset, thus assuring pas-
sage in that body. Former
Defense Minister Moshe
Dayan was one of the four
voting against, indicating he
preferred an overall settle-
ment with Egypt, Syria and
Jordan and an end to hostili-
After the vote, 66 MKs
were expected to vote
Wednesday in favor of the
interim agreement against
44 opposed. The pact's sup-
porters include 50 members
of the Labor Alignment,
eight National Religious
Party MKs and three of the
Independent Liberal Party,
and several opposition MKs.
The 38 Likud MKs are
expected to form the core of
the opposition, supported by
the two leaders of the NRP's
"Young Guard" Yehuda Ben
Meir and Zevulun Hammer.

Knesset Vote .

nine hours of debate on
Wednesday the Knesset, on
a roll-call vote, voted 70-43,
with seven abstentions, to
approve the second-stage
peace accord between Israel
and Egypt.
Defying threats of party
discipline and possible ous-
ter, Labor Party members
Moshe Dayan and Morde-
chai Ben-Porat voted with
the opposition.

Spirits were high at the
formal initialing ceremonies
in Premier Yitzhak Rabin's
Jerusalem office. As Chief
of Staff Gen. Mordechai
Gur and Defense Ministry
Director Gen. Avraham
Kidron initialed page after
page of the agreement and
annex and affixed their sig-
natures to the huge detailed
maps covering 12 large blue-
bound pages, Kissinger and
his chief deputy, Undersec-
retary of State Joseph J.
Sisco, joked with Israeli
Foreign Minister Yigal Al-
lon and Defense Minister
Shimon Peres.

Premier Rabin re-
mained somber, exchang-
ing brief observations with
Kissinger who sat along-
side him. The U.S. Ambas-
sador to Israel, Malcolm
Toon, and Israel's Ambas-
sador to Washington,
Simha Dinit were also

Throughout the reception
Kissinger sought to impress
upon his Israeli hosts the

advantages of the agree-
ment and the new possibili-
ties it opened up.
This was the theme of his
signing speech. It presented,
he said in his speech, for the
first time in a generation,
an opportunity for the two
nations to live in peace.
He was leaving Israel, the
Secretary continued, "with
a feeling of friendship and
commitment for Israel's se-
curity and peace."

Picking up on a remark
by Rabin favoring direct
negotiations in the future,
Kissinger said that follow-
ing the shuttle experience
"no one is more dedi-
cated" to direct negotia-
tions than he.

But the U.S. government
would remain "available,"
he said, in the future to aid
the Mideast parties further
towards peace.
He hoped in conclusion
that this agreement would
"be remembered as the
point at which peace began
in the Middle East."
Both Kissinger and Rabin
spoke of the legacy of suspi-
cion left by a generation of
conflict. Kissinger acknowl-
edged too that what had
made the negotiating diffi-
cult was the problem of
comparing tangible territo-
rial assets to political

He and his colleagues
had never forgotten
throughout the negotia-
tions, Kissinger said,
"what it means for Israel
to find security and peace,
—and how difficult it is for a
small country to make de-
cisions when it knows it
can't afford to make a mis-

Rabin said he hoped the
agreement would "open a
new chapter in relations
"both between Israel and
Egypt and in the Mideast as
a whole."
"The cause of peace re-
quired risks," the Premier
said. Israel was now em-
barking on a longroad lead-
ing to "what all people in
the Mideast want — real
peace." Rabin thanked Kis-
singer for his efforts.
Rabin and Kissinger
themselves signed — their
names in full — to the
"American proposal" pro-
viding for the U.S. presence
in the Mitle and Gidi

A similar initialing cere-
mony took place Sunday
night at President Anwar
Sadat's summer retreat at
Maamoura. The accord
there was initialed by
Egypt's Chief of Staff Lt.
Gen. Mohamed Ali Fahmi,
and the Egyptian ambassa-
dor to the United Nations
European headquarters in
Geneva, Ahmed Osman.
Prime Minister Mamdouh
Salem and Kissinger ini-
tialed the annex covering
the monitoring of the early
warning stations to be oper-
ated by American civilians.

Correspondent David
Landau wrote that Israeli
leaders and Secretary of
State Kissinger have been
busily trying to convince
Israel of the advantages of
the new agreement with

He said that the leaders
must also convince their
public of another important
point: that this settlement
was not attainable last
March, when the shuttle
was suspended in deadlock.
Israeli commentators
asked pointedly: Has good
or harm accrued to Israel in
the March-August intermis-
sion. Has "standing up to
the Americans and "saying
no to Kissinger" brought
profit to the Jewish state?
Or is the scar caused by
the near-rupture in rela-
tions which followed the
suspension still discernible,
a permanent imprint in Je-
rusalem-Washington ties
which the successful conclu-
sion of the talks will not
completely heal.
What, then, are the dif-
ferences between March and
August? Israeli negotiators,
as advocates of their case,
obviously stress those favor-
able to Israel: the matter of
duration, the U.S. presence
in the Mitle and Gidi
Passes, the coastal corridor
to Abu Rodeis and the provi-
sions on economic and diplo-
matic warfare.
They underplay the one
really major Israeli conces-
sion since March: the
Passes. They insist that Is-
rael, by retaining a hold on
the eastern entrances to the
Passes, including the tower-
ing Jebel Gidi Mountain,
and by retaining the Umm
Hasheiba warning station,
and by continuing to encir-
cle the Passes on three sides
(north, east rand south) can
be still said fairly to have
the Passes in 1-1,A- grasp, if
no longer in her actual
In March, Egypt refused a
duration of three years, of-
fering 18 months at the out-
side; it refused to limit its
control of the coastal corri-
dor to civilian traffic and
administration; it refused to
consider U.S. presence at
Umm Hasheiba and a paral-
lel Egyptian monitoring
station (the proposal for
additional, independent,
U.S. presence only came up
later); and it refused to
moderate significantly the
Arab boycott on firms trad-
ing with Israel._
Now, however, President
Anwar Sadat has accepted,
more or less, all of these
terms, the Israeli officials
argue. Three years mini-
mum duration is guaran-
teed by pledges from both
sides to the U.S. to renew
the United Nations Energy
Force mandate annually.
The coastal strip will be
under Egyptian civilian con-
trol with only civilian traffic
on the road — though Israel
will continue to be allowed
military traffic.
There will also be U.S.
technicians at Umm Hash-
eiba, at the Egyptian Sta-
tion, and at two more
manned stations and several
U.S. unmanned "sensors" in
the Passes area. The boycott
provision — also an indirect
undertaking made through
the U.S. — will cover much
more than the meager list of
half-a-dozen American com-
panies proposed by the
Egyptians in March.

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