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July 18, 1975 - Image 23

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-07-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Ritual Baths Found Near Jericho

The oldest Jewish ritual
baths ever found by archeol-
ogists were uncovered in the
Hebrew University's third
season of excavations, at the
Hasmonean winter palaces
site, south of Jericho.
This season saw the con-
tinued uncovering of the
Hasmonean palace complex
north of Wadi Kelt, and in
particular the surroundings
of the large swimming pool
in which, it is conjectured,
the Hasmonean high priest,
Aristobolus the. Third, was
drowned by order of King
Herod.
To the west of the pool, a
block of buildings including
bath houses and ritual
baths was uncovered. This
block apparently underwent
numerous changes and
transformations during the
Hasmonean period, a fact
attesting to the prolonged
existence of the palace:

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The ritual baths found-
here are the earliest
known in any archeologi-
cal find.

Ritual baths found near Jericho.

* *

ancient aqueducts which in
the Second Temple period
extended all over the Jericho
basin and was the basis of
Jericho's flourishing pros-
perity in that era.

It now appears that the

The remains of a large initiators of this network
dwelling from the 2nd - Cen- of aqueducts were the
tury CE were also uncov- same Hasmonean kings
ered in their entirety in the who built their palaces at
course of the excavations.
the mouth of Wadi Kelt.
This house was appar-
A series of soundings car-
ently destroyed by fire dur- ried out at Tel El-Samarat,
ing the Bar Kochba revolt. located near the ancient Jer-
Outstanding among the fix- icho tel, revealed the hip-
tures and pottery found in it podrome that Herod built in
is a round oil lamp with 17 Jericho, mentioned in the
apertures, decorated with a writings of Josephus Flay-
grapevine motif.
i us.
The first step was taken
It turns out that Samarat
during this season's dig in is an artificial tel which
investigating the system of served as the foundation for

*

a magnificent building
standing upon it.
The southern part of the
tel functioned as a theater
from which viewers could
watch horse and chariot
races on the adjacent track.
Parts of the wall surround-
ing the 320 by 80 meter race
track were uncovered.

This hippodrome is one
of the few of its kind to
have existed in this coun-
try in the past, and is the
earliest among them.

The more the study of the
Jericho basin expands, the
more apparent becomes the
might of this city at the end
of the Second Temple era. It
was a Jewish city, based
mainly on agriculture and
substantially surpassing the
Jericho of today in its size.

iktimonides Explains 'Evil'

From Maimonides"Guide
to the Perplexed'

You will frequently find
persons who hold that the
evils in the world outnum-
ber the blessings. Epigrams
and poems of most of the
nations express this
thought; they find that
blessings are few in our
world, while the misfor-
tunes are many and lasting.
Not only the common multi-
tude errs in this, but even
the supposedly wise men.

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Friday, July 18, 1975 2;

Al-Razi, whose famous
Book of Theology contains
many rash statements, pre-
sents the idea that if you
compare the pleasures and
happiness of man with the
griefs, pains, afflictions,
loss of limb, unrest, sorrows
and troubles to which he is
subject — you will conclude
that human life is an afflic-
tion and a great
In order to prove his the-
sis he enumerates the evils
one by one, and sets himself
against the thinkers who
state that God's kindness
and benevolence are mani-
fest in creation, that He is
the absolute good, and that
all the emanates from Him
is absolutely good.

This erroneous idea is
due to the fact that this un-
wise man and his friends
among the common multi-

Israel Integration

NEW YORK — "Inte-
gration is working in :s-

rael," according to Prof.
Chaim Adler of the Hebrew
UniverSity of Jerusalem and
director of the National
Council of Jewish Women
Research Institute for Inno-
vation in Education.
At the beginning- of a U.S.
visit, Dr. Adler said Israel
has been \w (-irking on the
findings of a report pre-
pared by Dr. James Cole-
man of the ITniversity of
Chicago, "and frankly, we
are encouraged."

tude consider the universe
by examining one individ-
ual person. Taking that
attitude, every fool thinks
that the universe was
created for his sake alone,
as if nothing existed be-
sides him. If something
happens that does not suit
his wishes, he draws the
conclusion that the whole
universe is evil.

But if a man would re-
gard the universe as a whole'
and try to understand how
small a part he plays in it,
he would realize the truth.
It is obvious that the wide-
spread misconception about
the predominance of evil is
never applied to other than
human spheres in thq univ-
erse, such as vegetation or
the animals, but all atten-
tion is focused upon some
individual cases among hu-
man beings.

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ORT to Double

Israel Schools

LONDON (JTA) — The
executive committee of the
World ORT Union approved
in principle a proposal to
double the ORT network of
vocational schools in Israel
over the next 5-10 years.
The $127 million project is
in response to a request
made by the Israeli Minister
of Education and Culture,
.Aaron Yadlin through
ORT's president in Israel,
Chaim Herzog.

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