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July 04, 1975 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-07-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

-1111111111111111111.7

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, July 4, 1975 19

King David Saw Need for Defensible Israel Borders

By JOEL GALLOB

(Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)

The defense of Israel has
been a primary source of
concern for the Jewish peo-
ple, not only since 1948 but
for many thousands of
years. Discoveries made by
the Tel Aviv University
team of archeologists and
'volunteer. students headed
by Dr. Yohanon Aharoni,
working since 1969 at Tel
Beersheba, indicate that the
planning and fortification of
border cities in Eretz Israel
began in the time of King
David, according to a report
received_ here by Rabbi
Avraham Soltes, special as-
. :.gistant to the president of
the American Friends of Tel
Aviv University.
It appears that the city
was defended by massive
walls and a moat, was sur-
rounded by a road within
the walls, and provided wa-
ter for itself through a so-
phisticated system of rain-
water channels leading to a
well.
The details of the city
unearthed at the dig, a few
miles outside of present-day
Beersheba, suggest revision
of archeological theories
about city. planning and de-
fense, as well as about bibli-
cal history.

time. The Solomonic city
gate consisted of three
rooms on either side of the
entrance, and those at
Beersheba and Dan had
only two rooms.

(While the size of the
building was the same with
either two or three rooms, it
appears that the three-room
gates — mentioned in Ezek-
iel 20:10 — were less satis-
factory, for after their de-
struction, the two-room
gate once again appear's.)
Thus it seems that David,
after winning his historic
wars, concerned himself
with securing the borders of
his land. "It was from this
time," the Tel Aviv Univer-
sity professor believes, "that
the classical biblical defini-
tion of the borders of Eretz
Israel derive — 'from Dan to
Beersheba.' "
The nature of these defen-
ses. as well as the sophisti-
cation of the city planning,
have been clarified by the
work at Tel Beersheba. Two
layers of defenses around
the
city have been
unearthed, 'dating from the
10th and ninth centuries
BCE.

their every-day lives.

••••••••





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EVERY SUNDAY 7:15 P.M.

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SOUTHFIELD
WED., 7:30 P.M.

Their order of construc-
tion is significant, because
it has shed new light on an
old debate concerning the
chronology of,,their usage.
At Hazor, a 10th Century
Solomonic casement wall
was found, overlaid by a
solid wall dating from the
ninth Century. This led
scholars to accept the idea
that the casemate wall was

Israelis Await Outcome
of New Fiscal Policies

From similarities in the
structure of the uncovered
city wall and defenses at
Beersheba and at the an-
TEL AVIV (JTA) —
cient city of Dan, and the
differences between them Thousands of Israeli wage
and those at. Solomonic ci- earners, salaried employes,
ties like Gezer, Megiddo businessmen and profes-
and Hazor, Dr. Aharoni sionals were left in a state
concludes that Beersheba of uncertainty as the old fis-
and Dan were not of Solo- cal year ended without the
monic origin, but rather settlement of any of the ma-
were built in King David's jor fiscal matters that affect

BINGO
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SOUTHFIELD, MICH.

Two city walls, each
built of sun-dried bricks
on a stone foundation,
were uncovered, the ear-
lier and 14rger one about
13 feet thick, both with
brick insets and offsets.
Houses attached to the
lower wall, containing
hand-burnished artifacts
from the 10th Century,
were found, thus enabling
a relatively easy dating of
the finds. After its de-
struction, early in the
ninth Century, a second,
casemate wall (i.e., double
wall with rooms between
them) was built. The
width of the two parallel
walls in this later defense
is identical with others
found at such Israeli sites
as Hazor and Samaria.

But they are still in the
Knesset Finance Committee
undergoing preparation for
final reading before the full
Knesset.

Treasury officials said
that since July salaries
are usually paid at the end
of the month, the new tax
regulations would be ap-
plied provided the Knesset
approves them by July 12.
Otherwise they will not
take effect until Septem-
ber.

Normally, the last day of
June terminates existing
labor agreements and cost-
of-living allowances. But the
labor agreements have not
been officially extended or
Although the tax reforms
renewed and the COL scale greatly reduce the rate of
has not been recalculated; taxation, virtually all ex-
nor was their any decision emptions have been abol-
as to what portion of the al- ished and loopholes closed.
lowance for higher living
costs will be tax free — if
Meanwhile, Histadrut
any.
and the Treasury have
agreed tentatiYely to con-
The new tax reform mea- tinue existing labor con-
sures were supposed to tracts on a day-to-day basis
come into effect with the until the tax reforms are ap-
start of the new fiscal year. proved.

Flint Area News

the older kind, and upon
this belief other datings,
such as that of the Megiddo
strata, were based.
The finds at Tel Beer-
sheba'call for caution, since
the order of construction
there is reversed. This indi-
cates that bbth types of
walls were used throughout
the United Monarchy pe-
riod, with the choice of type
evidently being dictated by
specific local conditions.
The city itself was built
according to "a clearly pre-
conceived overall plan, the
first instance of true city
planning in early Israel," ac-
cording to Dr. Aharoni. Two
streets led from the gate to
the center of the city, in
which several important
buildings, including a tem-
ple, stood.

The dominant feature of
the city was a circular
street, starting from the
gate, that surrounded the
entire city. It had rows of
buildings on both sides,
and the remains of these
that have been dug up re-
veal the typical "four-
room house" of the period.
They have one broad room
and three long ones, with a
central divider consisting
of a row of pillars.

Perhaps the most notable
characteristic of the city
was its complex water sys-
tem. In an area where
droughts are frequent —
.and the city was just north
of where the Negev begins
— it .is natural that the
city's planners should plate
a high priority on the provi-
sion of water.
Channels covered by stone
slabs were built under the
street surface; these were
fed by rain water from plas-
tered gutters in the walls of
the houses in the area west
. ..of
the gate. The channels be-
come larger as they ap-
proach the gate, and after
merging somewhat before
there,. the single channel

MONDAYS 7:30 P.M.

BINGO
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14001 WEST LINCOLN
OAK PARK
EVERY TIlES. 7:30 P.M.

Annummemmowp
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EVERY MONDAY

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14390 W. 10 Mile
Corner Church, Oak Park

Every Monday 7:30 p.m.

Flint Minister Tours Israel

Rev. Roger Sharp of
Flint's Woodside Church
participated in the World
Zionist Organization's mis-
sion to Israel for Christian
clergy and reporte•.his ob-
servations to the Flint Jew-
ish Community.

The reverend said he was
impressed by the Israelis'
readiness to talk about the
Middle East situation. He
noted the Israelis were
"keenly aware" of the recent
Ford-Sadat meetings.

During his stay, the rev-
erend visited- Christian holy

sites, met. with Arabs-of dif-
ferent faiths and had dis-
cussions with the chief rab-
bis and government
representatives.

COMMUNITY
CALENDAR .

July 7 — Flint Jewish .
Community
Council Corn-
, mu . nity Rela-
tions Commit-
tee meeting,
7:30 p.m., Coun-
cil office.

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reaches a height of about 28
inches. This canal system
conducted water to a well
outside the gate.
Thus it is known that the
ancient engineers were not
only -able to detect the un-
derground water level, but
also understood that it could
be supplemented by artifi-
cial conduits.

8 AIR CONDITIONED COURTS

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BETWEEN MIDDLEBELT & INKSTER

CANTOR

Desires position for the High
Holidays in a reformed tem-
ple. Write The Jewish
News, Box 2012, 17515 W.
Nine Mile, Suite 865, South-
field, Mich. 48075.







JULY 14

SEMI-CONCENTRATED CLASSES MEET
TWICE A WEEK FOR 3 WEEKS
NON-MEMBERS WELCOME
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