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August 30, 1974 - Image 14

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-08-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ribicoff Sees Unified U.S. Stand on Soviet
Trade, Emigration; Sylva Zalmanson Freed

The Radin cemetery includ-
band. who also were sen- include 50,000 exit visas an-
tenced in the alleged hijack nually, the cessation of the ed the grave of the Chofetz
attempt during the first Len- continual harassment of visa Chaim, regarded as the great-
ingrad trial. applicants, the lifting of re- est talmudic scholar of mod-
She said she had not seen fusals on the grounds of so- ern times, who died in 1933.
them since they were all called security ; and the im-
Rabbi Pinhas Teitz, a for-
arrested in June, 1970 and mediate release of all prison- mer member of the presid-
would ask Soviet authorities ers of conscience.
ium of the Union of Ortho-
Prof. Luntz noted in his let- dox Rabbis of the United
to also pardon them.
Since her release, Miss Zal- ter to Jackson: "Our hopes States and Canada, said he
manson has been staying at to live as a free people in had learned about a letter
the summer cottage outside our homeland (Israel) have from a Moscow source, re-
Moscow of Andrei D. Sak- been ignited by the continu- porting a visit to the Radin
harov, the physicist and lead- ous and sensitive support you cemetery recently and a dis-
and your colleagues have covery that a tractor had
ing Soviet dissident.
shown our cause.
devastated the cemetery,
Sakharov, who is not Jew-
"It is for that reason that
ish, told Western newsmen we wish to express to you leaving broken pieces of
that Miss Zalmanson was our concern at the present headstones and monuments
taken by KGB agents for a time. Our friends have in- strewn over the cemetery
two-hour visit with her hus-
formed us that the Soviet
According to the letter, the
band, Edouard Kuznetsov.
government may wish to en-
Kuznetsov has originally ter into a new stage of nego- grave of the Chofetz Chaim
been sentenced to death dur- tiations and compromise with had disappeared. The devas-
ing the first Leningrad trial your government. We wel- tation of the cemetery re-
but the sentence was later come such negotiations, and portedly took place some-
commuted to 15 years im- believe that minimum de- time between July 10 and 22,
Rabbi Teitz said he had
prisonment as a result of mands should be made."
worldwide outcry. Miss Zal-
manson's brother, Israel, was Col. Davidovich Loses
He said he made telephone
sentenced to eight years at Army Pension for Desire
contact with Ephraim Kap-
the trial and her other bro-
lun, head of the Moscow Jew-
ther, Vulf, to 10 years.
ish community, to inform him
Yefim Davidovich, of Minsk,
The 30-year-old Miss Zal- a much-decorated hero of of the reported devastation
manson is a mechanical engi- World War II, has lost his of the Radin cemetery.
neer who formerly worked in army pension as a result of
Rabbi Teitz added that in
a Riga factory. She married
having applied for an exit two telephone calls to Mos-
Kuznetsov in 1970.
cow, Kaplan informed him
visa to emigrate to Israel.
The struggle for Sylva's re-
Jewish sources in the Sov- that he had visited the min-
lease began almost as soon iet Union reported that the istry of cults and that a
as soon as she was sentenced. retired officer, who holds the Moscow University expert on
Protests and demonstrations title of "Hero of the Red Jewish history had explained
were held regularly in many Army," and numerous med- to the ministry the signifi-
countries but were all futile. als for his exploits on the cance for Jews of the Chofetz
Political sources here sug- battlefield against the Nazis, Chaim and that Jews fre-
gested the surprise release was informed last week that quently visited the grave in
might be a Soviet gesture to his pension has been stopped. respect to his memory.
influence impending discus-
The rabbi said Kaplun told
Davidovich first applied
sion on the Jackson Amend- for a visa in 1972 and was him. that the ministry ar-
ment to the trade reform promptly turned down. He ranged to send a special
bill and also a form of sup- has been in trouble with the commission to Radin to in-
port to President Ford who authorities ever since. After vestigate the report and that
has given hints of a Soviet he and a Minsk colleague, a ministry official had prom-
readiness to discontinue per- Capt. Gedalya Kipnis, who ised to do everything possi-
secution of Jews wishing to also was denied a visa sent ble to rectify the destruction.
leave Russia.
The rabbi said he expected
a joint letter of protest to
Commenting on Mrs. Zal-
President Nikolai Podgorny a report from Kaplun on the
manson's release, National of the Supreme Soviet, they results of the commission's
Conference on Soviet Jewry
were detained and interro- visits this weekend. Rabbi
chairman Stanley H. Lowell
gated on charges of "anti- Teitz said the Chofetz Chaim
was the founder and dean of
Soviet activities."
"It is hard to express the
the Yeshiva of Radin, which
lilt of pleasure on hearing of
he described as one of the
Sylva Zalmanson's release. ment of Jews who apply for leading Jewish seminaries of
She has been the symbol of
the world.
all the Jewish prisoners of the USSR. According to Jew-
In Tel Aviv, the Drivers
conscience who are serving ish sources there, one of the Licensing Authority has pro-
harsh sentences in Soviet la- latest victims is Israiloff vided temporary employ-
bor camps only because of Galik, of Nelchik, who ap- ment for a number of immi-
their desire to emigrate to plied for a visa last April.
Last month, Galik was told grants from the Soviet Union.
Their assignment is to in-
the ovir that his visa ap-
"Seriously ill as she has
spect the licenses produced
been, we are pleased that
by fellow emigres and weed
Soviet officials have chosen sidered unless he agreed to out the forgeries. Apparently
finally to release her, an ac- pay alimony to his divorced only a Russian can spot the
tion which the American wife. He signed the neces- fakes that have been crop-
Jewish community has re- sary papers only to -be in- ping up with each group of
peatedly urged in the past. formed by the visa office new arrivals.
We hope that this is an omen that his application was
Mathematicians Express
of future positive action and rejected.
In an ironic sequel to his Solidarity with Jewish
that other prisoners of con-
science will be joining Sylva plight, hooligans smeared the Colleagues in USSR
in freedom in the days walls of Galik's house with
the inscription, "Away with Solidarity with Jewish math-.
In New York, Prof. Alexan- you to Israel." He has ap- ematicians in the Soviet Un-
der Luntz, a wellknown Sov- pealed for help to the Dutch ion was expressed by dele-
iet mathematician and one of Embassy which represents gates attending the Interna-
the major Jewish activists, Israel's interests in Moscow. tional Congress of Mathema-
ticians recently held at the
has urged Sen. Henry M. Ancient Jewish Cemetery
University of British Colum-
Jackson (D. Wash.) to insist in Vilna Leveled;
on "minimum demands" to Chaim Grave Included
Hundreds of the more than
which the Soviet Union must
agree in current negotiations —A leading American Ortho- 5,500 delegates attending the
on U.S.-USSR trade, accord- dox rabbi reported that, at conference, who also repre-
ing to the text of a letter the request of the head of the sent 150 major universities
from Prof. Luntz to Jackson Moscow Jewish community, and institutions around the
released Aug. 20 by the the Soviet Ministry of Cults world, signed a petition ad-
Student Struggle for Soviet had sent a special commis- dressed to Communist Party
sion to Radin, near Vilna, to Secretary Leonid I. Brezhnev
The "minimum demands" investigate a report that the deploring t h e harassment
ancient Jewish cemetery and dismissal from their pro-
.14—Friday, August 30, 1974
fessional posts of Jewish
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS there had been leveled.

Senator Abraham Ribicoff
(D., Conn.), was reported last
Friday to have told the
Senate Finance Committee
"we are very close to an
agreement" on a unified
United States position on
Soviet emigration policy and
Soviet-American trade rela-
tions. -
The committe is respons-
ible for drafting a trade bill
that involves Soviet-American
At the same time, Sen.
Henry M. Jackson (D.
Wash.), said that serious
economic problems in the
Soviet Union is the reason
for prospects of an early
Jackson said there had
been "a substantial change of
position" by the Soviets on
the issue because "they are
in real economic trouble." He
said he hoped an agreement
could be completed when
Congress returns from its
Labor Day recess.
Ribicoff, Jackson and Sen.
Jacob K. Javits (R., N.Y.).
met recently with President
Ford after the President had
conferred with Soviet Ambas-
sador Anatoly Dobrynin. The
three senators have been
meeting regularly with Secre-
tary of State Henry A. Kis-
singer in an effort to work
out a compromise on the
Jackson Amendment.
According to Capitol Hill
sources, an exchange of cor-
respondence is to take place
between the key senators and
either Ford or Kissinger be-
fore the committee concludes
its work on the trade reform
bill. Prior to Ford's succes-
sion to the Presidency, these
exchanges were centered be-
tween Kissinger and Senate
Hail Zalmanson's Release;
Struggle to Free Other
POCs to Continue Unabated
Greater New York Confer-
ence on Soviet Jewry has
hailed the release of Sylva
Zalmanson, who was sen-
tenced to 10 years in prison
in 1970 on charges of attempt-
ing to hijack a Soviet air-
However, Eugene Gold,
conference chairman, in wel-
coming the release stressed
that "we will not relent in
our efforts to gain - the free-
dom of scores of others who
are held captive in Soviet
labor camps solely because
of their desire to emigrate."
Miss Zalmanson was re-
leased Aug. 22 only 24 hours
after her father, Joseph Zal-
manson had been given
notice that his petition for
clemency for Sylva, incar-
cerated and ill in the notor-
ious Potma labor camp, has
been rejected by the Supreme
Soviet. Miss Zalmanson's
plight has been the focal
point of Jewish groups
throughout the world. The
Greater New York Confer-
ence held a "Free Sylva"
rally only a few weeks ago.
Meanwhile in Moscow, Miss
Zalmanson said that while
emigration to Israel was the
"aim of my life" she did not
want to leave the country im-
mediately, as officials are
insisting, without seeing her
two brothers and her hus-

mathematicians who applied
to emigrate to Israel.

During the course of the
nine-day congress, members
of the Vancouver Soviet Jew-
ry Committee met with re-
cent emigrants now working
at universities in Israel and
also handed letters of pro-
test to members of the Sov-
iet delegation.

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