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July 05, 1974 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-07-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Zero Population Growth Threat to World Jewry, Goren 'Says

MIAMI BEACH (JTA) — warned that the zero popula- of Jewish communities the the Jewish communities pay
Rabbi Shiomo Goren, Israel's tion growth of the Jewish world over, particularly in serious attention to this prob-
Ashkenazic chief r a bb
lem their "very existence
people posed "a critical the United States."
Israel's need for an in- may be endangered."
threat" to Israel's physical
creased population must be
security.
The delegation adopted a
Speaking to some 500 met either by aliya or by an series of resolutions dealing
\ Optical Co.
Prescription
rabbis at the 38th annual con-. increase in the birthrate, with Jewish education at the
vention of the Rabbinical Rabbi Goren said. He said closing session in which they
/
Council of America, Rabbi that an increased birthrate called on Jewish federations
would remove "complete de- and welfare funds throughout
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Goren stressed that this con-
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543.3343
dition "jeopardizes the spirit- pendence on immigration." the country to increase their
He noted that he had been allocations to all-day Jewish
ual and cultural existence
pressing the Israeli govern- schools.
ment for greater benefits for
In another resolution, the
YMHA Joins College families "blessed with many delegates went on record as
children."
strongly opposed to the in-
for Judaica Courses
Rabbi Fabian Schonfeld, troduction of potential nuclear
PERTH AMBOY, N. J. the Orthodox group's new weaponry into the Middle
(JTA)—A group of 33 middle- president, said that unless East.
men's
aged Jewish men and women
and seven high school stu-
Cloth es
dents have completed the
first semester in a project in
with
higher Jewish education or- By ABRAM LEON SACHAR Caught up in the whirlpool
the
ganized by the YMHA of
The Jew cannot control the of hate, it is so easy to lose
Perth Amboy and the Middle- economic and political milieu nerve. But if he understands
‘oc4(
sex County College in Edison, which shapes his destiny. that this very blood has been
N.J., a Jewish Y-college The Hitlers and Mussolinis a valuable ingredient, that it
of
project believed to be the and Lenins rise to power, has enriched every stream
first of its kind.
transform the map, disrupt that feeds modern civiliza-
OM
Rabbi David Twersky, dean the world, and what the Jew tion, then there is compen-
of Hillel Academy of Perth does or fails to do has very sation for his sorrow. His
Amboy, said the courses little influence on the course people has suffered misfor-
„ •
carry college credits and of events. But in his inner tune, but not punishment. His
w i
were specifically designed life he can be the arbiter. conscience is clear. He can
W 1 7H AN ,aeX7 -
for Jewish adults seeking a The richness of his past, the bear his fate, however cheer-
X-C E P T I ONAL STORES FOR MEN
"sophisticated program" in contributions that his people less, very much better when
which to continue their Jew- have made in religion, in lit- he knows that he is an inno-
TEL•12 MALL, SOUTHFIELD
ish education.
erature, in ethics, in art, in cent victim and that the
phone 358-4440
law, in science—this gratify- tirades of detractors are vile
UNIVERSAL MALL, WARREN
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
ing knowledge can give him lies, made out of whole
phone 751-3300
Friday, July 5, 1974-13 a sense of pride that he be- cloth, for selfish gain or
longs in a remarkable cara- power.
van of achievement.
A quiet, dignified pride in
He needs this pride, more the creative achievements of
desperately today than ever Jewish history is therefore
before. For when the assault no ugly chauvinism. It is the
comes which threatens his only effective answer to the
job, his cherished citizenship,
filth of the agitator. The Nazi
and the love and friendship propagandist will, of course,
• INSTALLED
of his neighbors, he can, never be convinced that the
• SERVICED
easily become demoralized.
Jew is other than a parasite.
He can even fall into bitter-
It is not important to con-
ness and self-deprecation.
vince him. But it is impor-
For his Jewish association,
tant for the Jew to know that
Installations with
the blood in his veins, has he is not a parasite; rather
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been the cause for sorrow.
that his people have been a
What is this heritage that distinguished intellectual aris-
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brings so much unhappiness? tocracy through the cen-
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Why is there so much dis- turies, even in the darkest
cussion of Protocols, of con- days of persecution. It is im-
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lightenment and the Russian
Haskala. It is important for
him to know how Judaism
contributed the richest por-
tions of Christianity and
Islam. When he knows the
record of his people, then the
creative spirits of the past
became his allies. Jeremiah
and Maimonides, Crescas
and Ibn Gabirol, the Vilna
G a on and Mendelssohn,
.Bialik and Ahad Ha'am, Ein-
stein and Freud, all stand at
his side to help him over dif-
ficult places.

Kissinger to Meet
Pope at Vatican

ROME (JTA) — Pope Paul
VI will grant Henry A. Kis-
singer a private audience
during the American Secre-
tary of State's two-day visit
to Italy, the Vatican an-
nounced.
It is believed Kissinger will
broach the subject of the
status of Jerusalem with the
pontiff during the audience
unofficially set for Saturday.
Meanwhile, in New York, it
was learned that the Kissin-
gers will move in the fall into
the former home of the late
Justice Felix Frankfurter in
Georgetown.

Arrest of Activists During Nixon
Visit Surprises Many Observers

NEW YORK (JTA)—Mass
arrests of Soviet Jewish ac-
tivists continued even while
President Nixon was confer-
ring, sightseeing and social-
izing with Kremlin leaders
on his third summit trip to
the USSR.
The arrests, in some cases
accompanied by physical
brutality, were intended to
avert demonstrations that
might embarrass the Soviet
regime by calling attention
to the deteriorating situation
of Jews seeking to emigrate
during the presidential visit,
according to Sheila Woods,
reporting from Moscow for
the American Jewish Press
Association and other sources.
One such demonstration, a
seminar of world renowned
scientists to have opened
July 1 in the Moscow apart-
ment of Dr. Alexander Vor-
onel, was canceled by virtue
of the fact that most of its
sponsors — including Profs.
Voronel and Vitaly Rubin —
had been. placed under
arrest.
The seminar had been
planned a year ago to drama-
tize the plight of Soviet Jew-
ish scientists who have been
ousted from their positions
and denied work after apply-
ing for exit visas.
The arrests of Jewish ac-
tivists and members of their
families — persons whose
names are well known abroad

—was surprising in view of
the purported Soviet sensi-
tivity to world opinion.
Prof. Alexander Lerner
was arrested after the KGB
(secret police) broke down
his doors. Five persons were
arrested as they left sepa-
rately, from Lerner's apart-
ment.
The five are Irinka Brailov-
sky, Lydia Azbel, Elena Pol-
sky, Aleksandr Dropkin and
Lucia Lunts, wives of Jewish
activists presently under
house arrest. Mrs. Polsky
was reported to have been
beaten up by the KGB men.
On the brighter side was
the news that Prof. Benjamin
G. Levich, a noted electro-
chemist and former member
of the Soviet Academy of
Science, has been told by the
authorities that he and his
wife, Tanya, will be given
exit visas some time next
year.
Earlier, Levitch's two sons,
Alexander and Yevgeny,
were told they will be per-
mitted to emigrate to Israel.
The Levich brothers have
been seeking exit visas for
more than two years.
Soviet Jews were trying to
call their condition to the
President's attention. Ten of
them went on a hunger strike
in Minsk. Four other Jewish
activists were reportedly on
a hunger strike in Odessa.

* * *

Minsk Has Longtime Jewish Tie

President Nixon's visit to
Minsk, where nine Jews went
on a hunger strike to demand
they be allowed to emigrate
to Israel, provided occasion
to trace the Jewish associa-
tion with the city.

In Minsk, which became
the most important commer-
cial center of Byelorussia,
the Jews led a checkered
existence between the 15th
and 20th centuries as the
change in power either
granted them freedom or
took it away.
The Jews of Minsk helped
make it a large commercial
center when they leased cus-
toms duties in 1489. During
the 16th and 17th centuries
the right to engage in com-
merce was granted and with-
drawn several times. By 1679
all their rights were rein-
stated, and in 1722 they were
confirmed in their entirety by
King Augustus II, according
to the Encyclopedia Judaica.
Prosperity reigned in
Minsk in the 17th and 18th
centuries, and during the 19th
Century Jewishness flour-
ished. However, with the
20th Century, Jews became
active in political revolutions
and were often the victims.
Jewish communal and re-
ligious life was silenced as
the Soviet regime came into
power.

With only about 5,000 in-
habitants surviving the Holo-
caust (the Jewish population
in 1941, was estimated at 90,-
000), the Minsk Jewish corn-
munity barely survives. To-
day, a small Jewish congre-
gation is allowed to meet in
a small synagogue in a
wooden house on the out-
skirts of the city.
Still stifled by Soviet rule,
Jews in Minsk are forbidden
to bake matzot for Passover,
and are unable to receive
packages of matzot from
abroad. However, kosher
poultry can be found in the
city, according to the En-
cyclopedia Judaica.

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