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May 31, 1974 - Image 17

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-05-31

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Arrest, Anti-Semitic Poems Confront Harassed Soviet Jewish Activists

LONDON (JTA)—Ten So-
viet Jewish activists who
were detained last weekend
by Russian police were re-
leased Monday, according to
Jewish sources in the Soviet
Union.
The 10 included Viktor Pol-
sky, a famous physicist and

one of the leaders of the ac- by his car and injured. Evi-
tivists.
deuce points to the fact that
Rumors persist, however, the woman was trying to
that another show trial is in commit suicide. The 10 Jews,
the making. Polsky still faces all of wham have been denied
a charge of dangerous driv- exit visas to Israel, were held
ing, stemming from an inci- in a Moscow jail until they
dent in which a 19-year-old were released. The sources
woman allegedly was struck said that none were charged.
Others besides Polsky were
Alexander Slepak, Vladimir
Prestin, Valery Slepak, Dmi-
try Romm, Pavel Abromo-
vich, Arkady Rittman, Leo-
nid Khorshevoi, Alexander
Luntz and Mikhail Polatski.
According to the reports,
Our
secret police picked' up five
of the activists last Saturday
and detained. the other five
at
after they organized a small
demonstration outside the
offices of Intourist, the state
travel agency, demanding
We Cater for All Occasions—Seating for 400
permission to emigrate.
Jewish sources in the So-
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viet Union reported that 13
Minsk Jews, including Col.
Yefim Davidovich and "Red
Army Heroes" Naum Alshan-
sky and Lev Ovsitcher, have
appealed to Soviet Prosecu-
tor General Roman Rudenko
3t
to start legal proceedings
against the anti-Semitic By-
elorussian poet Maxim Luz-
hantin, whose new collection
contains anti-Semitic poems
echoing the tone and contents
of Nazi wartime propaganda.
In their letter, the 13 pro-
testors point out that Luzhan-
So. of 12Mile • tin does not actually use the
word Jew but transparently
Across from The TEL-12 MALL
substitutes for it a similarly
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sounding "Khari" (polecat
in Byelorussian). The "Khar-
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these "Kharis" manage to
survive the war? "I thought
that they would all burn in
the fires of the war and their
ashes would be scattered by
the wind," writes Luzhantin.
Davidovich and the - other
signatories to the letter point
out that "everyone knows
that in the Soviet Union the
state publishing houses pub-
lish only what has been ap-
proved by senior governmen-
tal authorities," so that some
such senior authority must
be involved in this case.
Davidovich was wounded
five times and awarded 15
medals; Alshansky was
awarded 13 orders and med-
als; and Ovsitcher received
15 orders and medals.
Meanwhile Soviet censors
expunged a fifth of the text
of Khrushchev's memoirs
which the Kremlin had al-
lowed to he published in West
Europe and America. The
Soviet censorship was partic-
ularly intent on cutting out
all references by Khrushchev
to the Jewish question in
Soviet Russia. The former
Kremlin chief's memoirs are
now being published in the
U.S. and in a number of West
European countries.
Sources reported that Val-
ery Panov has been formally
stripped of his title, "Hon-
ored Artist," by a decree of
the Presidium of the Sup-
reme Soviet.
The move was due mainly
to mounting Soviet anger at
the campaign against the
forthcoming visit of the Bol-
shoi Ballet to London, ac-
cording to the sources. Those
close to Panov say he fears
that the withdrawal of the
honorary title may only be
the prelude to some more
serious measure, such as a
court action on charges of
"malingering" or "parasi-
tism."
There has been a ground-
swell protest movement in
London against the ballet
company because of the Sov-
iet treatment of dissidents in
general and Jewish appli-
cants for exit visas to go to
Israel in particular.
The latest development has
been the disclosure. to the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
by a spokesman at 10 Down-
ing Street that the "prime
minister will not attend the
first night of the Bolshoi Bal-
let in London on June 12. He
ment on this night."
Under the circumstances,
no senior member of the gov-
ernment can - possibly assoc-
iate himself with the Bolshoi
visit, observers noted.
Lord Laurence Olivier,
who has been in the forefront
of the campaign to secure
emigration rights for Valery
and Galina Panov, declared
that it would be wrong and
self-defeating for the friends
of the PanoVs to demand that
the British government ban
the Bol:shoi Ballet tour.
"How does one ask that
two dancers be free to prac-
tice their art where and how
they choose while denying a
whole company of artists
that self-same right?" Lord
Oliver asked.
Jan Krylsky and his moth-
er, Rachel, arrived in Vien-
na on the wav to Israel, it
was reported by the National
Conference on Soviet Jewry.
The Soviet Jewish activist
had been confined by Soviet
authorities to the Sechovka
mental institute. release

was due, the NCSJ said, to
international pressure.
Krylsky was confined to
the institute about a year ago
and given "corrective treat-
ment" for his activities in the
struggle to emigrate. Kryl-
sky, 21, had been accused by
Soviet authorities of being a
"militant Zionist."
The Student Struggle for
Soviet Jewry reported that
34 Leningrad Jews have de-
clared they will stage a hun-
ger strike June 15, the anni-
versary of the Leningrad "hi-
jack" arrests in 1970.
The SSSJ also reported that
18 Soviet Jews were turned
hack by police as they at-
tempted to go to B_abi Yar
outside Kiev to place a
wreath in memory_ of the
children killed in Ma'alot.
U.S.-USSR Trade Expansion
Agreement Recommended
by Joint Commission •
WASHINGTON (JTA) = A
U.S.-Soviet commercial com-
mission recommended at the
end of a two-day meeting
here that both countries con-
clude a long term agreement
to facilitate economic, indus-
trial and technical coopera-
tion.
Secretary of Commerce
Frederick Dent, who attend-
ed the meeting, said the
agreement would not need
Senate ratification and ex-
pressed hope the pact would
be signed during President
Nixon's visit to Moscow next
month. The trade authorities

Chief Rabbi Goren
to Address NY Parley

predicted that U.S.-Soviet
trade would again exceed $1,
000.000,000 this year.
The Export-Import Bank,
meanwhile, granted a $180,-
000,000 loan to the Soviet Un-
ion to help finance a fertilizer
plant. The loan is the largest
Ex-Im Bank has ever grant-
ed to the Soviet Union.
Eight provincial governors
from the Soviet Union paid
a courtesy' call on President
Nixon at the White House
Tuesday at the start of an
eight-day visit to the United
States. They were invited by
the U.S. Governors Confer-
ence to repay a visit by a
group of American governors
to the Soviet Union in Octo-
ber 1971.
Their visit follows closely
on the four-day Washington
visit last week by the eight-
member delegation of the
Supreme Soviet, which ad-
vocated closer U.S.-Soviet
trade relations.
An effort by the Jewish
Community Council to com-
municate with the group
failed.
2 Arrested in Attempt
to Destroy Russian's Car
NEW YORK (JTA) — Two
youths who allegedly tried to
set fire to a Soviet attache's
car which was parked near
the Soviet Mission to the Un-
ited Nations were charged
last weekend with malicious
mischief.
According to police, the
youths, identified as Victor
Van Cier, 17, and Stanley
Spirn, 19, both of Queens,
emptied a three-gallon can of
gasoline over the car and
were about to ignite it when
police officers spotted them
and arrested the duo. The
car belonged to Vladimir
Yezhov, a member of the
mission.
On May 19, a car regis-
tered to the Soviet Mission
and parked in the Far- Rock-
away section of New York
was set afire and heavily
damaged. An anonymous cal-
ler to two news wire agen-
cies in the city said the
"Sternist Committee" had
set the fire to the car to pro-
test the Soviet Union's cam-
paign against Russian Jews.

NEW YORK—Chief Rabbi
of Israel Shlomo Goren will
address the Rabbinical Coun-
cil of America's annual con-
vention to be held June 24-
28 in Miami Beach, it was
announced by Rabbi Louis
Bernstein, president.
Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveit-
chik, talmudic scholar and
Yeshiva University professor,
also will speak. More than
600 Orthodox rabbis from the
U.S. and Canada are ex-
pected to attend.
The theme of the confer-
ence, "Charting a Course for
Future of Torah Judaism,"
will include such discussion THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
topics as "The Status of Re-
Friday, May 31, 1974-17
ligious Jewry in Israel,"
"The Progress of Orthodox
Education in the U.S." and
"The Role of the Rabbi in
Advancing the Principles of
Orthodox Judaism."

JIM BOLOGNA

Dutch Jewish Paper
Seeks Govt. Subsidy

AMSTERDAM (JTA)—Due
to financial difficulties, the
only remaining Dutch JeWish
weekly, "Nieuw Israelietisch
Weekblad," (NIW) has ap-
plied to The Netherlands
Ministry of Culture for an an-
nual subsidy.
The culture ministry re-
cently undertook subsidizing
a certain number of publica-
tions which could not make
financial ends meet, but
whose continued existence
was considered important.
Over the past few years,
the NIW, whose subscribers
number 4,000, has been guar-
anteed a subsidy of 80,000
guilders ( about $30,000) an-
nually by the Dutch Ashken-
azi Congregation.

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a great deal, and so jump to
the conclusion.—John Locke.

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