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November 30, 1973 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-11-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

ntate Ifrepartnient - ntint Actas to Anxieties

(Continued from Page 1)
Senate Foreign Relations
Committee Chairman J. Wil-
liam Fulbright (D. Ark.),
discussing the meeting with
newsmen, said that Dr. Kis-
singer had indicated that the
oil embargo is unlikely to be
withdrawn until the proposed
Geneva conference produces
progress for the Arabs. He
said the secretary was "hope-
ful" that the talks would be-
gin in mid-December. Eco-
nomic counter measures
against the Arab states were
not discussed at the meeting,
Sen. Fulbright said.
He and Sen. Scott both said
there was no confirmation of
nuclear weapons in Egyptian
Shifts in the State Depart-
ment's high command are
expected to be announced
within a few days that would
put an Arabist, Undersecre-
tary for Political Affairs Wil-
liam Porter, at the head of
the U.S. delegation to the
Arab-Israeli peace confer-
ence and elevate Joseph J.
Sisco, the department's pres-
ent foremost Middle East ex-
pert, to become Secretary of
State Henry A. Kissinger's
political right arm.
Department spokesman
George Vest seemed to con-
firm these and other reported
personnel movements at the
top of American foreign af-
fairs when he was asked
about the reports. Vest said
Tuesday he expected no an-
nouncements "in the next
couple of days" but could not
say they would not take place
within a week or so.
Sisco, 54, has been assist-
ant secretary of state for
Near Eastern and South
Asian affairs since his ap-
pointment by President Nixon
in February 1969. He is
slated to become undersecre-
tary for political affairs re-
placing Porter, who has been
in that job only since last
February. Porter, 59, gained
a reputation as a negotiator
by his representation of the
U.S. in the prolonged Paris
talks to settle the Vietnam
War. He is expected to lead
the American group to the
conference in Geneva.
Porter, a native of England,
served for more than 15 years
in Arab areas. From 1937 tg
1946 he was on assignments
in Baghdad, Beirut and Da-
mascus. In that period he
also served for a few months
in Jerusalem when it was in
Arab hands. In 1949 he was
named consul general in Al-
giers and three years later
was elevated to be ambassa-
dor to that country. In 1965
he left to become deputy am-
bassador in Saigon, where he
stayed until he was assigned
to the Paris peace talks in
The changes also call for
William B. Buffum, 52, the
present American ambassa-
dor in Beirut, to replace
Sisco as the chief of the Mid-
dle Eastern area. Buffum,
University of Pittsburgh
graduate and instructor with
special training in German
affairs at Harvard, has de-
voted much of his career to
the United Nations. He served
with the U.S. delegation to
the UN in New York and in
the State Department's UN


%.11- I 11111.11y, IIIIVV•

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affairs bureau until he was Hans Morgenthau, the politi-
cal scientist, believes that
assigned to Beirut in 1970.
Assistant Secretary for Israel will be forced by the
European Affairs Walter J. U.S. and other international
Stoessel Is expected to he pressure to return to its pre-
named ambassador to the June 1967 borders after which
Soviet Union. it will be only a matter of
The Oil, Chemical and time before its existence is
,Atomic Workers Union, an terminated. Prof. Morgen-
AFL-CIO affiliate with ap- thau believes the U.S. will
proximately 175,04)(1 members exert pressure on Israel to
in the United States and Can- withdraw because of the
ada, has urged the U.S. gov- Arab oil embargo and be-
ernment "not to yield to the cause Americans are "blind-
blackmail of oil producing ed by detente."
He said that when the U.S.
Middle East nations."
The resolution said that demanded that Israel open a
"American foreign affairs supply route to the encircled
should be carried out on the Egyptian Third Army during
basis of high principles and the Yom Kippur war, De-
not influenced by fear of im- fense Minister Moshe Dayan
mediate inconvenience or telephoned Secretary of
even hardship which might State Henry A. Kissinger to
be caused by disruption in protest that such a move was
the world movement of pe- unprecedented in the history
troleum." Even from the of warfare. He was told by
standpoint of narrow self- Kissinger that if Israel failed
interest of the United States, to accede "you will fight your
the resolution said, "any con- next war by yourselves,"
cession" to the Arab states Morgenthau claimed.
He also stated that the
on the basis of the Arab-Is-
raeli conflict "would be only American global alert de-
a down payment leading to clared by President Nixon
last month was precipitated
further demands."
The resolution suggested not by evidence that the
that the U.S. "should respond Russians planned to send
to these pressures by con- paratroops to the Middle East
tinuing to offer to be - good but because a Soviet ship
customers of the Middle East loaded with nuclear warheads
countries and at the same had arrived in Alexandria.
time seeking alternative sup- When the alert was declared,
the ship turned back, Mor-
Updating the slogan, "Mil- genthau said.
lions for defense but not one He made his remarks Sun-
cent for tribute," the resolu- day night on "Firing Line,"
tion adopted by the union's a national TV program.
Morgenthau maintained
international executive board
in Denver concluded: "We that so far the Soviets have
will spend whatever neces- been the only party to bene-
sary to provide fuel for the fit from detente, and the only
people but not one cent in quid pro quo gained by the
political tribute."
U.S. was a muting of anti-
American rhetoric by Krem-
Grave Threat to Israel
lin leaders.
Seen in Pressure by U.S.
(Related story Page 7)

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