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April 06, 1973 - Image 29

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-04-06

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Friday, April 6, 1973-17



Senator Jackson Relates Tragedy of Yampolsky Family

(Continued from Page 1)
Several months ago, and
then only after a year-long
c a m p a i g n during which
Mark, now 25, was twice ar-
rested and imprisoned, he
and his young wife were per-



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mitted to buy their freedom
from the Soviet government.
They paid more than 10,000
rubles for two exit visas and,
along with Eleanora's grand-
father, they left Kiev to go
to Israel. Unhappily Elea-
nora's parents, and her sister
— the Poltinnikov family
from Novosibirsk, Siberia —
were not so fortunate. They
have seen each of seven re-
quests for an exit visa turned
down cold by the Russian
Dr. Isaac Poltinnikov,
Mark's father-in-law, is an
outstanding ophthalmologist
who retired two years ago.
Since applying to emigrate
from the Soviet Union last
summer he has had his only
income, his retirement pen-
sion, terminated. He and his
family have suffered cease-
lss ordeals and abuses in-
cluding the imprisonment of
his wife and daughter (Elea-
nora's sister) on charges of
having petitioned the Soviet
authorities for an exit visa.
Last week the Poltinnikovs
were again denied permis-
sion to emigrate and, in des-
peration, they began a hunger
strike at the central telephone
office in Novosibirsk. Elea-
nora and Mark also resorted
to a hunger strike — she in
London, he in Washington —
when Eleanora was told by
the Russian authorities this
week that: "Your parents
will never be allowed to emi-
Yesterday the Poltinnikov
family was refused medical
attention at the central tele-
phone office in Novosibirsk.
After six days of starvation
Eleanora's mother, who is a
diabetic, suffered a medical
crisis that required her to
terminate her protest. The
family, as far as ever from
having the right to emigrate,
is recuperating in the apart-
ment of friends in Novosi-
The government of the So-
viet Union has simply and
clearly terrorized the Poltin-
nikov family. What sense is
there in the cruel torture of
these innocent human beings?
What legitimate policy of the
Soviet government is served
by keeping them, against
their will, from emigrating to

Mr. President, it seems
clear that the Soviet govern-
ment is terrorizing the Pol-
tinnikov family in order to
discourage others who wish
to emigrate from applying
for exit permits. Soviet citi-
zens who apply for permis-
sion to emigrate are rou-
tinely fired from their jobs
or relieved of their pensions
— like Dr. Isaac Poltinnikov
they are left destitute. Soviet
authorities hope to deter
through fear and intimidation,
through harassment, through
imprisonment in corrective
labor camps, in jails and in
institutions for the mentally
Last week's managed news
of a significant shift in So-
viet emigration policy was a
fraud — and a transparent
one at that. There is more
truth in Mark Yampolsky and
his hunger strike on 16th
Street than in all the articles,
all the broadcasts, all the
Tass releases and diplomatic
assurances that last week
sought to extenuate, explain
and obscure. The Soviet gov-
ernment has penned in the
Poltinnikov family in Novosi-
birsk and it is doing the same
thing to thousands of other
men, women and children all
over the Soviet Union.
Before last November's
presidential elections, as
many senators will recall,
the Soviets permitted a num-
ber of families to emigrate
without payment of the edu-
cation ransom. Immediately
after the election the ransom
was reimposed. This followed
the pattern that had been
set before last year's Moscow
summit when, again, a "tac-
tical liberalization" of Soviet
emigration -p olicy was fol-
lowed by a relapse into the
old pattern of harassment
and denial. I must say that
I am amazed that the Soviet
authorities thought, as ap-
parently they did, that last
week's selective release of a
few families in Moscow at
bargain basement prices
would f ool the American
people. The fact is that for
every Soviet citizen who was
unable financially to pay the
notorious education ransom
there were — and are — hun:
dreds who cannot buy a visa
at any price. The fact that

some visas are being sold at
discount prices is little com-
fort to the thousands who are
not being permitted to buy.
Only a policy of granting
every legitimate applicant a
visa within a fixed and rea-
sonable period of time can
alter that.
Mr. President, when one
compares last week's hints
from Moscow with this week's
reality, it becomes clear that
there can be no effective sub-
stitute for the passage of my
amendment—cosponsored by
76 senators — to deny most-
favored - nation treatment,
credits, credit guarantees and
investment guarantees to
states that deny their citizens
the right or opportunity to
emigrate. This amendment
gives the Soviets an incentive
to permit free emigration —
and it provides a sanction if
they do not, either now or at
any time in the future. By
requiring a semi-annual re-
port of compliance, we in the
Congress can be assured that
any positive change in Soviet
emigration policy could not
be reversed without the loss
of MFN and the other trade
and credit benefits.
Mr. President, I wish to be
clear: I will not put a dollar
sign on freedom. I intend to
keep faith, as I am certain
my colleagues do, with young
Mark Yampolsky and with
the thousands of brave men
and women whose watch he
is keeping.
-(The State Department dis-
closed Tuesday that it has
made formal and informal
representations on humani-
tarian grounds to the Soviet
Embassy on behalf of Mark
Yampolsky's family.
(State -Department spokes-
man John King disclosed that
the department had rejected
a request from the Soviet
Embassy that it intervene to
end Yampolsky's hunger
strike. King said the embassy
made the request on March
26, the day Yampolsky be-
gan his fast.
(Meanwhile, Ella Yampolsky
ended her protest fast outside
the Soviet Embassy Monday
night and was taken to a
nursing home. During her
eight-day fast, she drank only
small quantities of water).

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Jackson Amendment
An Internal U.S. Matter,

Mrs. ;weir Tells Press
TEL miry (JTA) — Pre-
mier Golda Mpir said here
that Israel's attitude toward
the basic freedom of soviet
Jews to emigrate transcc:nd7.
the Jackson Amendment,
which is an internal affair of
the United States. She said
the current controversy over
the amendment was a matter
for the U.S. to solve.
Mrs. Meir answered ques-
tions at a press luncheon here
Friday. She expressed skep-
ticism at press reports that
U.S. Defense Secretary Eliot
Richardson had said the U.S.
was restraining the delivery
of certain modern weapons to
Israel to prevent increased
tension in the Middle East
and to avoid an arms race.
Mrs. Meir said she could not
imagine that the defense sec-
retary would publicly con-
tradict her own statements
on U.S. arms supplies.
The premier said that she
had not mentioned any par-
ticular type of weapons or
any quantities in reporting,
on her talks with U.S. offi-
cials in Washington last
month. "I did say that agree-
ment had been reached in
principle on the supply of
certain important items while
other types of weapons were
still under discussion."
Continued Pressure
Urged by Pincus
Pincus, chairman of the Jew-
ish Agency Executive, has
urged continued pressure on
the Soviet government to end
restrictions on Jewish emi-
gration to Israel.
The number of Jewish
academicians exempted from
paying the education head
tax is increasing, but that
does not necessarily indicate
anything significant in terms
of the long-range policies of
the Soviet authorities, Pincus
told a Jewish Agency meet-
ing Monday.
He said that even if the
diploma tax, is lifted, it would
not signal an end to the prob-
lems of liberating Soviet
"There is nothing that
could justify a reduction in
the fight to- free the Jews
from Russia," Pincus added,
noting that Jews in the U.S.,
Britain and other countries
were continuing the struggle.
Pincus reported that efforts
were also under way to rescue
Jews in Syria and Iraq.
Leaflets Protesting
Treatment of Jews
at Soviet Art Show
Students f r o m Washington-
Baltimore area universities
distributed leaflets protesting
t h e treatment of Russian
Jews Sunday to visitors
at the National Art Gallery
where an exhibition opened
of French impressionist and
post - impressionist paintings
owned by the Soviet govern-
Mrs. Michael Shapiro,
chairman of the Soviet Jewry
Committee of Greater Wash-
ington which is sponsoring
the leaflet distribution, said
the protest would continue for
the entire - 30 days of the ex-
hibit except for the Sabbath
and the Passover holiday.
In New York, five Demo-
cratic mayoral candidates en-
dorsed a "freedom march"
for Soviet Jews Tuesday at
a news conference called by
the Greater New York Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry. The
Soviet Jewry Conference is
(Continued on Page 18)

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