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March 10, 1972 - Image 20

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1972-03-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

2VV3N H21W31. TI0AT30 3HT i



ress ar ng to Adopt Formula-

(Continued froni- Page
(In Washington, the U.S. State
Department indicated that Dr.
Jarring is acting in accordance
with a formula that does - not
include -the American initiative
' to promote interim-talks between
Israel and- Egypt: aimed at re-
opening the .Suez -Canal. State
Department spokesman Charles
Bray said .Friday that the U.S.
"has always envisaged that. in-_
solar as an interim agreement is
concerned, it is a U.S. initia-


amount of support for this con-
flict, and stands based on - prin-
ciples Which guarantee the
broadest front :.of friends and
allies to prevent the enemy from
imposing his will."
Helical claimed -that such meth-
ods were being Utilized by China
to regain sovereignty - over Taiwan
and by the Vietnamese revolution
to achieve the complete withdraw-
al of 'U.S. troops from the whole
of Indochina. According to Helical,
achievement of a political solution
has failed in the Middle East con-
flict "because we have forgotten
—I will not say have neglected—
to utilize the other methods."
The Daily Star, Beirut's English.
language newspaper, urged Egypt
to dissociate itself officially from
Heikal's views. The pro-Iraqi Le-
banese newspaper, Beirut, said a
close examination of Helical's ar-

The war fever being generated
by. Egyptian news media is be-
lieved here to be the result of new
political ferment in Cairo involv-
ing moderates and bard-liners and
growing public disquiet over the
magnitude of the Soviet presence
in Egypt.
_ The-latter stems -from the -recent
revelation that the Russians have tide would lead to popular support
vast intelligence of the Cairo students' recent de-
in the a country.
Major differences within Egypt's mends that the Al Abram editor
Luling circles over a solution to stand trial. The paper - accused-
the conflict with Israel emerged Heikal of hostility toward the
over the weekend. Mohammed Arab masses and "advocation of
Hassanein Helical, editor-in-chief surrender to the U.S. and the Zion-
of the influential Cairo daily, Al ist enemy." The official Algerian
Ahram, hinted In his signed col- news agency criticized Helical for
umn Friday that Egypt would do "defeatism."
-Premier Aziz Sidky was quoted
well to abandon its insistence on
a prior Israeli commitment to by Cairo Radio Tuesday .night as
withdrawal from the occupied ter- saying that Egypt was fully pre-
ritories as the price of peace nego- pared for - an immediate battle
with Israel. Radio commentators
But the official government insisted that there was no alterna-
newspaper, Al Gumhuriya, crit- tive to liberating Egypt's lost ter-
icized Heikal, without mentioning ritories by force and claimed that
him by name, for suggesting to the there was no chance now to revive
Egyptian people that they have the peace mission of United Nations
any alternative but force in deal- special envoy thinner V. Jarring.
ing with Israel. Helical, neverthe-.
According to press reports from
less, is considered a close con- Beirut, Egyptian authorities are
fidant of President Anwar Sadat, a cracking down • on political ele-
relationship that be also enjoyed ments who haye called for a peace
with the late Presiaent Nasser, dialogue - with Israel.
and his column in Al Ahram has
Ahme fiamroush, editor of the
frequently reflected- government weekly Rose el Yousef, was re-
views. Observers here said it was portedly fired for expressing such
unlikely that his latest article was views • and replaced by a hard-
published without the prior ap- liner; Ahmed • Sharkawi.
proval of Sadat or someone act-
President Sadat, meanwhile, left
ing on Seders behalf.
for Saudi Arabia and - Kuwait. El
In the column, which was prompt- Fatah leader Yassir Arafat arrived
ly - blasted by Arab news media in in Cairo from Damascus reportedly
Amman, Beirut and Algiers, -Helical to coordinate guerrilla strategy in
dismissed as "childish" a political . the aftermath of Israeli raids on
solution "which is based_cin-insist- terrorist- bases in southern Leba-
ing on the last step even • before non.
the first step has begun." The
Cairo- radio- reported that .E1
phraseology was seen- as a hint Fatah has agreed to a request
that Egypt may be willing to drop from. Lebanese authorities tem-
its demand for an Israel withdraw- porarily to suspend their ter- -
al commitment as a .prerecilsite for rorist • activities against _Israel
either an over-all settlement under from Lebanese -territory in order
the aegis of United Nations media- not to stibjectZLebanon to further
tor Dr. Gunnar, V. Jarring or an reprisals from • Israel. Accord-
American-sponsored interim accord ing to Cairo radio, El Fatah has -
to reopen the Suez Canal.
announced its decision following
Some observers believe Heikal's a series of meetings with Le-
suggestion -represented a trial bal- banese officials Including Pre-
loon and Al Gumhuriya's criticism
mier Sash Salaam.
of it a way out for the government
At a meeting Saturday night,
should public reaction be unfavor- Fatah leader_ Yassir Arafat told
able. Al Gumhuriya referred obli- Salaam that tho
movernent has de-
quely -to 'persons who might cided to avoid any operation which
spread confusing ideas among tfie might lead to a reprisal against
Egyptian people" and warned that Lebanese territory and stressed
such persons who are obviously Fatah's concern for Lebanese sov--
not sufficiently familiar with events ereignty and independence..
should refrain from . leading the
It is believed here-that -El Fatah'
Egyptian people into believing that bowed to the Lebanese request in
there are several alternatives.
the hope- of preserving their: pre-
According to the government sence in that country which has
newspaper, there is only one solu- become the site of the largest con,
tion to the Middle East conflict centration.s of Palestinian terror-
Which-14s been:laid Vown: ists'. They also - hope to achieve
,:"What has been ,•aken • by force quiet cooperation with the Leban-
•can only be retrieved by force. ese army which took over "Fatah
.- There is no difference of opinion land"- in the affertnath of the- Is

about. this,".. the -paper said:
Bakal, on the ;,ather hand„dis,
carded ntilitarr solutions "m•slip-
loinatie effertg..threstgit. interns;
Weal law and UN-.inselnUo•s,

acieetlfie.: ashitive is the -rionlY-

N isteffitkmarf. aeleittiffeaole-
‘! die as Ne.wi ► 1ek 'employs uelE:
available ,'Ismigalls.
..•eassesie,.alreard.- forces lis as



w •


raeli . operation'. against terrorist
bases last month. , . .
Gen.- Reid Ben Shaker, ip;
Pointed - by KlOg,liusseht as cilia
of staff of Jorden's. armed forces:,
'Wan foe'of. the Palestinian


terroristsilt-Wak. stated- here.- Ben
Shaker-ii-bedeviid:to have master:
minded -the-iiitReirorist sweep lit
Jordan last.. July -in which the
kings s.tcoamt,:f.aent thousands

"steriorists:beelair.lado Syria.--and
j.ettanon..'and:'Ma*Vora_ -.111to:-Isi.
rael- wherelheyatirrenderedrather
than - fait 'into ' the: handg 'of "the -

royal army. He haS now officially
replaced Gen. Mohammed Khalil
Abdu Dayem.
. The disclosure in Moscow of a
SOviet agreement with Libya joint-
ly to develop -that country's oil
resources was viewed here as pri-
marily a marriage of convenience
for both parties. Although the
agreement breaks the Western
oil monopoly in Libya, it is not con-
sidered likely that Russia will play


ed what political observers-:have Tegitne' O•oldeelogy: -This 'is" the
known for years --- , that Soviet case in EgYpt where the Commun-
relations with any country has ist Party :is: illegaL This most evi-

little to do with that country's

-(Contimied rift Page 21)


20—Friday, March 100972

a major role in the Libyan oil
industry nor it is expected to alter
the strong internal anti-CoMmun-
ist stand of Libya's ruling military
junta headed by Col. Muammar
el-Qaddafi. According to Tass, the
pact was signed Feb. 29.
According to h report in Tass,
the Soviet press agency, the. pact
which was reached with a Libyan
delegation in Moscow, includes.
prospecting for mineral deposits
and gas, training Libyan national
cadres, providing for cooperation in
prospection, extracting and refin-
ing oil,- and in developing power
generation and other branches of
Libya's national economy.
Qaddafi, who has likened Soviet
imperialism ,to Western imperial-
ism, has been uncomfortable in
relation to his partners in the loOse
federation he entered into last
September with Egypt and Syria,
both countries With strong ties to
Moscow. But he regards the agree-
ment with Moscow as _political lev-
erage in dealing -with the West
which he mistrusts no less than
the Soviet Union.
Obseivers heie said the main
reason the Soviet Union signed
the pact was -its inability to de-
velop its own oil resources fast
enough to keep :pace with its in-
dustrial expansion. The. USSR is
said to be lagging by as much
as 10 years in this endeivor. The
Soviet Union, once oil export-.
ing nation. has in recent years
begome an importer of -oil. •
The Soviet-Libyan deal confirm.7

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