This Week in Jewish History
(From the files of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency)
40 Years Ago This Week: 1931
The Joint Distribution Committee sought $2,500,000 in 1931 for the
relief of European Jews.
"Haam," a Zionist Revisionist daily, began publication in Jerusalem
under the absentee editorship of Vladimir Jabotinsky.
"Yehuda," a novel by Meyer Levin of the JTA staff was the March
choice of the Jewish Book Club. An alternate choice was "Cosmic
Religion and Other Opinions and Aphorisms" by Albert Einstein.
10 Years Ago This Week: 1961
Egypt canceled a Cairo performance by an American troupe headed
by Helen Hayes on learning its itinerary included Tel Aviv.
Neue Juedische Zeitung, West Germany's only Yiddish periodical,
suspended publication for financial reasons after 500 issues in 10 years.
West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt, addressing Jewish audiences in
New York, said that while Germany could never be "chemically free" of
Nazism, "the generation of young Germans untainted by Nazism would
not follow so swiftly another Brown Pied Piper as did their parents,"
and "anti-Semitism will never again become an integral part of official
Moroccan Jews asked the government to establish its Jewish com-
munity as a separate entity enjoying equal rights with Moslems.
Israel denied reports it had agreed to conduct the Eichmann trial in
a way that would not impair Israeli-West German relations. Justice
Minister Pinhas Rosen added that Nazi witnesses would not be given
immunity from prosecution.
Argentinian officials said the woman whose body was found in a
mountain cave a year earlier was an Israeli seeking Auschwitz selection
doctor Josef Mengele.
The Relief Committee for Racial Persecutees said that of the 31,000
Jews in Baden-Wurtemberg, Germany, in 1933, 8,500 had been killed by
the Nazis, 21,500 had managed to escape and 701 had returned after the
The World Jewish Congress issued a list of 1,500 Nazis "accused or
suspected of crimes against humanity," for use by the prosecution in the
Sixteen years after World War II, Austria agreed to indemnify vic-
tims of the Nazis, setting up a $6,000,000 fund and approviing an
amendment providing double payments for each month of incarceration.
Scores of Riga Jews cheered the Hapoel basketball team—which
lost—and gave its players greetings for conveyance to relatives in Israel.
Jews in Poland, Rumania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia were re-
portedly given permission to bake Passover matzot.
Captain Tells How
Out of Cherbourg
COPENHAGEN (JTA) — Details
of the famous "escape" of five
embargoed Israeli gunboats from
Cherbourg, France on Christmas
Eve 1969, were related in an inter-
view with a Danish sea captain
published in the daily Politiken.
Capt. Knud Lindholm Petersen
said he played a part in the inci-
dent which aroused world-wide ex-
citement and the ire of the French
The unarmed gunboats, built in
France for Israel, were placed un-
der embargo following the Six-Day
War although they were fully paid
They were kept under heavy
guard at Cherbourg but Israeli
crews were p e r m i t t e d to live
aboard for maintenance purposes.
Capt. Petersen sad they were al-
lowed only enough fuel for heating
and light but the Israelis secretly
hoarded the fuel ration for months.
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The device was exhibited in the
school section of EXPOSITEC '70,
an official exhibition of technical
equipment which took place here
last year. Arnaldo and his friend
will apply for a patent on the in-
vention after they make further
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Eliel was graduated in mechanics
from Anieres in 1953. After doing
a two-year stint in Swiss industry,
he returned to Israel and a teach-
ing position at the ORT Technicum
in Givatayim. He began as an in-
structor in the mechanics work-
shop and later became a teacher
of theory; he is now a supervisor
in the mechanics department, with
400 students under his jurisdiction.
This was a great advance on
the previous equipment, and the
small size and low cost of their
device would permit any school
to own one and verify the results
of a test immediately after its
BUCHAREST (JTA) — A me- Following the recitation of the
morial service was held at the. Kadish, the congregation made a
Choral Synagogue to mark the pilgrimage to the cemetery where
30th anniversary of the 1941 po- the martyrs are buried.
grom in which 120 Jews were
killed by fascist hooligans in this
WE CARE FIR YOUR CAR
Chief Rabbi Dr. Moses Rosen
delivered a sermon in which he
said "We Jews struggle with the
rest of mankind for a world order
in which such dreadful events as
the pogrom here 30 years ago are
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on all makes
no longer thinkable. We Jews are
also full of thankfulness that the ;4.3000 it ti
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Jewish people is restored to the t ,:c
land of the Bible and is master
of its fate."
The small craft cast off in the
evening and left Cherbourg harbor
without lights. They had sufficient
fuel for only a few hours. Capt.
Petersen said they were refueled
from tankers chartered by Israel
which met them outside French
The boats tied up at Haifa 17
days after leaving Cherbourg.
Capt. Petersen said the voyage
Eliel completed a vocational
course in a special lubutz school.
Soon after, he learned that ORT
Anieres was interviewing candi-
dates for teacher-training; he
applied and was accepted.
RIO DE JANEIRO — Arnaldo
Milstein Mefano, a 16-year-old
electronics student at the ORT
Instituto de Technologia here, has
been successful in developing a
small computer for use in the cor-
rection of tests.
Arnaldo and a school friend
wanted to simplify the usual elec-
tronic test-correction equipment
and set to work at figuring out a
way to do it. They came up with
an apparatus about the size of a
cigar box, which operated on a
photo-cell principle, using only one
electronic element to scan all the
answers and to record the num-
ber of correct ones on a perforated
Friday, March 19, 1971—U
1941 Pogrom Remembered by Romanian Jews
The escape was planned for
Christmas Eve because the
strength of the guard would be
reduced at that time. Petersen
said only two guards were posted
and they were gotten drunk by
the Israelis before departure
2 Success Stories From ORT
GIVATAYIM — A happy chance
reunion at the ORT Technicum
here brought together two boyhood
companions when Israeli Education
Minister Yigal Allon met ORT
teacher and Anieres graduate Yo-
chanan Eliel, during Allon's recent
visit to the school.
The two men were, in a sense,
"brothers"—Allon, whose mother
died when he was a baby, was
taken in and lovingly cared, for by
Eliel's mother, who had 10 children
of her own.
Both men received their early
schooling in their village of Kfar
Tabor. Later, Allon went on to the
Kadoorie Agricultural School and
from there, into the Hagana and
a public career.
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