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March 19, 1971 - Image 12

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-03-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Chilean Jewry Lives in Fear

Ten per cent of the 'Jewish Hitler era or under the rigors of
population of Chile has already life in the Communist bloc have
fled the country while the re- made them extremely wary of to-
mainder anxiously watch political talitarianism.
developments since the election
Graubard added that wide-
last September of Salvador Al- spread anti-Jewish propaganda
lende, the first Marxist-Leninist on the part of Arabs who con-
democratically elected president
stitute an influential element in
of any country.
Latin America adds to the
According to the Anti-Defama-
Jewish community's feeling of
tion League of Bnai Brith, Chile's insecurity. He said that prior to
nearly 40,000 Jews fear the same Allende's election there were
fate as the Cuban. Jewish com-
10 bombings in Jewish institu-
munity. In Cuba, where Jews
tions in Chile in 18 months.—

all Arab inspired.

Allende, Graubard said, has
tried to calm the fears of the
Jewish community. He has given
personal assurances, reminding
Jews of his many years of friend-
ship, and has expressed his ad-
miration for the pioneering spirit
of Israel. They are, nevertheless,
apprehensive about municipal elec-
tions to be held next month.
(April). If Allende's party wins a
majority of the votes, he may
-take it as a mandate to more
rapidly implement his nationali-
zation programs.
Graubard said that while Al-
lende faces ongoing harassment
from right-wing extremists, should
he lose control and be reduced to
a puppet of far-left revolutionary
groups, "it is likely that the basic
SALVADOR ALLENDE
conditions for Jewish security
also were not molested as Jews, would no longer exist."
According to Graubard, the im-
nearly 90 per cent left for eco-
nomic and ideological reasons
since Castro came to power in
1958. In Chile, as was the case
in Cuba,, Jews are members of
the middle class.

President Allende, in his
election campaign, announced
his intention to nationalize
banks and basic industry, to put
stringent controls on import-
export business, and to extend
government influence and con-
trol to other areas of the
economy.

Seymour Graubard,
national
chairman of the League, said that
a particular concern of Chilean
Jews is that Chile might become
a totalitarian state and increas-
ingly come under the influence
and control of the Soviet Union.
Graubard pointed out that while
Allende was the Popular Unity
candidate of the Socialist and Com-
munist parties and is himself a
leader of the Socialist party,
many Communists were given im-
portant posts in the government.
The majority of Chile's Jews, he
went on to say, were immigrants
from Europe between 1934 and
1946. Their experiences in the

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NEW YORK—The current con-
troversy over projected housing
developments in Jerusalem is put
into perspective in a review of
Israeli land expropriation and
compensation policies there, just
issued by the American Jewish
Committee.
The review, compiled by the
Israel office of the AJC, shows
that in the 3 1/2 years that Israel
has administered all of Jerusalem,
the government has followed the
principle of expropriating "non-
arable waste land, for the most
part rocky hillsides, and to spare
dwellings and agricultural land."
In 1968, the report points out,
the government expropriated 750
acres in north Jerusalem, a strip
of largely barren land connecting
the former Israeli sector with the
Mt. Scopus enclave, containing
the old Hebrew University campus.
On this land, some 4,000 dwelling
units are being built.

it

The only areas where there have
been significant shifts of Arab
population, the report states, were
in the Old City, where the hovels
behind the Western Wall have
been cleared "to give this holiest
Jewish site a dignified setting."
In addition, there has been
gradual displacement of Arabs
who were found living in the
Jewish quarter of the Old City
after the Six-Day War. (All Jews
had been expelled.. from 016 Old
City after the Jordanian , conquest
in 1948.)
In ' all cases,' the repdit de-
clares, compensation • has been
paid to the displaced, -Arabs, who
have been resettled in other apart-
ments. ,
-"Almost inevitably, • the new
apartments found by the Arab
families outside the walls of the
Old City have been superior to
the cramped apartments they had
had in the quarter," the report
asserts.

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Report Sheds Light
on Jerusalem's
Land Policies

Last summer, the govern-
ment expropriated another 3,000
acres for housing purposes. Of
the three areas included in this
total, "the only large inhabited
area taken was a Jewish one—
the Mamilla Rd. and old com-
mercial center complex opposite
Jaffa gate," the report con-
tinues. On these 3,000 acres, the
government is planning some
20,000 apartments.

I

pact on the Jewish community of
the flight of some 4,000 has been
far greater than the number in-
dicates. Many of those who left
Chile were in leadership positions
and were the principal source of
financial support for Jewish in-
stitutions. The Jewish school, for
example, lost both students and
teachers and is on the verge of
bankruptcy.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

12—Friday, March 19, 1971

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