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September 18, 1970 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-09-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Sympathy for Israel Seen in Harris Poll;
Most Doubt Nixon Peace Effort to Succeed

NEW YORK (JTA)—American
attitudes toward the Middle East
conflict are overwhelmingly sym-
pathetic to Israel but sharply di-
vided as to whether the United
States should send troops to de-
fend Israel if its existence was
threatened by the Arabs with So-
viet backing, according to the lat-
est Louis Harris poll.
The poll results also showed that
a majority of Americans give
President Nixon a great deal or
some credit for initiating the cur-
rent 90-day cease fire in the Mid-
dle East, but 57 per cent doubt the
likelihood of a settlement resulting
from the American initiative.
The poll was described as an in
depth survey of American attitudes
toward the Middle East conflict.
It is based on a survey of 1,437
households, representing a national

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Mon Says Cease Fire Has Ended

Premier Yigal Allen said Tuesday
that because of Egyptian viola-
tions, the 90-day cease fire in the
Suez Canal zone "no longer exists
under international law." He add-
ed, however, that as long as there
was no shooting, Israel would con-
tinue to observe the truce for an
unlimited period and would "re-
gard it as a blessing."
•Allen, who was named acting
prime minister during Premier
Golda Meir's visit to the United
States, addressed newsmen at a
press luncheon. He said the Jar-
ring peace talks in New York will
not be resumed as long as the mili-
tary situation in the truce zone is
not restored to its statutivon Aug. 7.
Referring to events that led up
to Israel's acceptance of the cease-
fire originally, Allon said "it is to-
tally wrong to assume that we ac-
cepted the American peace initia-
tive because we feared that other-
wise...the United-Stets.-might im-
pose on us peace conditions of its
own." He denied that there was
any government crisis before the
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going to be taken over by the
Russians and the Arabs, the U.S.
would have to do everything to
save Israel, including going to
war," 38 per cent agreed and 38
per cent disagreed.
When the statement was re-
versed to say, "Even if it looked
as though Israel were going to be
taken over, the U.S. should not
send any of our troops to defend
Israel," 41 per cent agreed and 38
per cent disagreed.
Harris reported that interven-
tionist sentiment on behalf of Is-
rael ran strongest in rural areas
and small towns centered in the
South. He said that 43 to 24 per
cent of the public does not believe
that Israel should give back the
Arab territories it captured in the
June 1967 war.
By 73 to 6 per cent, Americans
agreed to the claim that "Israel is
a small courageous country which
is trying to preserve its independ-
ence." By contrast, Americans
60-14 per cent with the
or that the cabinet had decided on disagreed
to Israel's acceptance of the cease Arab claim that Israel 'is an in-
Middle East.
status quo ante in the cease fire
zone. -
The public agreed 30 211 per
The latter point was seen as' a cent that "Arab refugees are bad-
jibe at Defense Minister Moshe ly treated in areas occupied by
Dayan who allegedly had persuad- Israel and should control their
ed the cabinet to take a hard-line own lands," bat 44 per cent said
stand on Egyptian truce violations. they lacked sufficient -facts to
Allen and Gen. Dayan are often render an opinion. Israel's claim
metioned as rivals for the premier- that the Russians have moved
ship when Mrs. Meir vacates the their missiles and pilots into the
Mid East with the intention of
Allon indicated that the govern- destroying Israel and dominat-
ment would not take reprisal meas- ing the area was given credence
ures. against Arab terrorists in its by a margin of 41-29; 36 per
custody as long as negotiations cent of Americans shared Israel's
continue for the release of the hi- distrust of United Nations and
jacked airline passengers held Big Power pledges while 40 per
hostage in Jordan.
cent thought such peace-keeping
"Our 'courts are authorized to efforts would work.
impose the death penalty," he said,
Asked about the prospects of a
"but as long as our struggle to U.S.-Soviet nuclear confrontation
free the hostages is at its height I over the Mid East, 47 per cent of
think we shall not take any new the public said they were worried,
decisions on this matter," he said. and an equal percentage said they
Newspapers in Beirut and Cairo were not. Twenty-seven per cent
and"esein the extreme pro-Soviet gave President Nixon high marks
and anti-Israel elements in Iraq for his Mid East diplomacy, 45 per
and Syria urged that the hijackers cent gave him some but not a lot
should be repudiated and that the of credit and 15 per cent hardly
hostages should be released.
any credit. On the likelihood of a
settlement, 21 per cent thought
American moves would bring re-
sults, 57 per cent dokbted it; and
22 per cent were not sure.
C. C. Jackson of London IFALPA
told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency
that the organization "embraces
all known pilot groups free to join
an international organization with-
out objections from their govern-
ments." He said that IFALPA now
numbers pilots associations in 55
countries as "full members" and
that they included Lebanon, Egypt
and the Sudan.
He said representatives of pilots
in the Soviet Union, Poland and
annual meetings "occasionally as
Yugoslavia have attended IFALPA

cross-section, made between Aug.
25 and Sept. 1, before the wave of
Arab plane hijackings.
When asked where their basic
sympathies lie, 46 per cent singled
out Israel compared with only 6
per cent who said the Arabs. But
a significant 25 per cent reported
no sympathies with either side,
and 23 per cent were not able to
make a judgment.
Harris reported that pro-Israel
sentiment was strongest among
people with college education and
those in the higher incdme brac-
kets; pro-Arab sentiment was high-
est among blacks.
The question of American in-
tervention with troops was
phrased in two ways, and in both
the .respondents were almost
evenly divided. Told that "If it
looked as though Israel were


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Firm Action Planned by Pilots

ers of 46,000 airline pilots in 55
countries said in a statement here
Wednesday that they had decided
'to coordinate their activities with
the International Transport Work-
ed by IFALPA top officers from
of violence in civil aviation."
Capt. Ola Forsberg of Finland,
Palestinian guerrillas was "so deli-
cate" that IFALPA was refrain-
tions (IFALPA), made the state-
ment after a special session of the
group here Tuesday, a continua-
tion of a meeting held in London
last week. The session was attend-
ed by IFALPA top officers from
Britain, Italy, France, the United
States, Austria, Ireland, Canada
and the Netherlands.
The statement said that the prob-
lem of the 54 hijacked hostages
still being held in Jordan "by the
Palestinian guerrillas" was "so
delicate" that IFALPA was refrain-
ing from comment "at this time,"
but it added that it was "making
the statement today on the joint
action with the transport workers
as a further means of ending hi-
jacking and airborne violence."
Charles M. Blyth of London,
ITWF general secretary, appeared
with Capt. Forsberg and "under-
lined the mutual interests of the
quarter-million transport workers
in ending air piracy throughout the
World." The two officers said that
"on the immediate problem, that
of the hostages, the matter is in
the hands of governments."
IFALPA is not involved in these
very delicate contacts and conse-
quently refrains from comment in
order not to run any risks of jeo-
pardizing the situation.

Friday, September 11I, 1970-5






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