And He shall judge between the nations.
And shall decide for many peoples:
And they shall heat their swords into
And their spears into pruning hooks:
Nation shall not lift up word against
Neither shall they learn war any more.
Page of Zionist
THE JEWISH NEWS
Review of Jewish News
People Never Reject
Peace, Nor Do They
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOL. LVI 1, No. 22
17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075, 356-8400 August 14, 1970
$7.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Clouds Gather Anew in M. E.;
Cease Fire Again Threatened;
USSR's SAMs Multiply Dangers
Begin, Meir's Chief Adversary,
Accuses U. S. of 'Deceit, Fraud'
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Premier Golda Meir advanced by a day her
report to the Knesset on the status of the cease fire and the current
political situation which she was originally scheduled to deliver Thursday.
She advanced her speech apparently to rebut a highly emotional attack
on the United States peace initiative by her former cabinet minister,
'Menahem Begin of Herut.
Speaking for almost an hour, Begin charged the U.S. State Depart-
ment with "deceit" and said the Israel government should urge American
Jewry "to send a delegation to President Nixon and tell him, your advisers
are playing an international chess game at the expense of our blood." He
called on American Jews to "go out in the streets and demonstrate"
which, he said, they "failed to do during the Second World War when our
Six Million were being murdered."
Begin, who led the Gahal faction's defection from the government
last week in protest against acceptance of the American plan, was incensed
by the text of United Nations envoy Gunnar V. Jarrings' letter to
Secretary General U Thant which stated the basii and objectives of the
peace negotiations to be held under his auspices but omitted Israel's basic
conditions for accepting them. This, according to Begin, was "an interna-
tional scandal," "fraud" and "deceit." He accused the U.S. of having
deliberately misled Israel.
The Herut leader contended that the U.S. plan offered no prospects
for peace even if its most optimistic expectations were fulfilled. On the
contrary, "it can lead only to war," Begin argued, because "King Hussein
has declared that the cease fire does not apply to the terrorists who
consider it their duty to go on shooting at Israelis." Begin claimed that
if the plan of Secretary of State William Rogers was fulfilled and the plans
for the West Bank of Israel's Deputy Premier Yigal Allon with its system of
enclaves were accepted, "most of Israel's population centers, including
Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, Petah Tikvah and Beersheba would be in range of
the terrorists' Katyusha rockets."
In spite of apparent Russian endorsement of efforts to assure continuation
of the cease fire and condemnation of terrorist activities by the Communist
organ Pravda; and in view of concern in Israel of failure of United Nations officials
to emphasize Israel's insistence that there will be no withdrawal from any areas
until there are proper negotiations for peace, the situation in the Middle East became
critical again toward the end of this week. New Egyptian threats, reunification of
Arab terrorists in opposition to the cease fire, insistence of Arab states that the Gun-
nar Jarring negotiations be conducted in New York instead of Cyprus, all added to
the renewed tensions. But Israel, in spite of the strong opposition led by Menahem
Begin, is adhering to the cease-fire proposals of the U. S. Vital decisions are
expected at the UN, during the Jarring consultations and Big Four meetings, early
next week. Urgent talks are being conducted with Israel and Arab representatives
in an effort to dispel the clouds that are gathering anew in the Middle East. Mean-
while, Mid East dangers multiplied with Israel's revelations that the USSR has placed
new SAM missiles on the banks of the Suez. These revelations now are being investi-
gated by the U. S. to assure that the Russian agreement to the U. S. cease-fire
proposals has not been violated. Mrs. Meir told the Knesset Wednesday (detailed
story on Page 3) that Israel's agreement to negotiation did not include a prior
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The State Department said Wednesday it had been
informed by Israel Ambassador Itzhak Rabin that Soviet anti-aircraft missiles were
placed on the Egyptian bank of the Suez Canal four hours after the cease fire
took effect at 1 a.m. Cairo time last Saturday. State Department spokesman Rob-
ert J. McCloskey said, "We are looking into that report. As far as documentation is
concerned, we have discussed this with the Israeli government and will be discussing
this again." In announcing the shooting halt last Friday, Secretary of State William
P. Rogers and McCloskey termed it a "standstill cease fire;" department sources
said the "cease fire" has been "effective," but declined comment on the "standstill"
aspect. Israel was said to have photographed the new SAM sites and presented the
evidence to Washington via Ambassador Rabin. It was not immediately clear whether
the missiles were SAM-2s or SAM-3s. The cease-fire agreement prohibits military
(Continued on Page 6)
Nixon Concerned With the Plight of .Jews
in Soviet Union, ITN's IVIrs. Ilauser Declares
UNITED NATIONS (JTA)—Mrs. Rita E. Hauser, U.S. representative to the United Nations
Commission on Human Rights, said the Nixon administration is greatly concerned with the
welfare of Soviet Jews "now suffering many deprivations."
In a letter dated July 31 to Rep. Richard L. Ottinger, Democrat of New York, whose
text was made public by the U.S. Mission to the United Nations,
Mrs. Hauser said she had raised the issue of Soviet "mistreatment
of its Jews" and their right to emigrate to Israel in both the Human
Rights Commission and at the last session of the General Assembly.
Mrs. Hauser's letter was in reply to Ottinger's letter of July
28 which, at the request of the American Jewish Conference on Soviet
Jewry, transmitted copies of two petitions that had been smuggled out
of the Soviet Union.
The petitions, addressed to the Human Rights Commission,
had been signed by nine Leningrad Jews who sought commission
help for them and their families to emigrate to Israel.
In her letter, Mrs. Hauser wrote, "I have persisted in
expressing our nation's interest in and concern for Jews and other
oppressed minority groups in the Soviet Union in the face of strenuous
Soviet opposition to our initiatives."
She said Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York and Sens.
Jacob K. Javits and Charles E. Goodell, Republicans of New York, have all assisted in bringing
this situation before the people of "our state, our nation and before world public opinion."
Ottinger had deplored the fact that the UN and the U.S. had not given high priority
to the matter of dealing with the "spiritual and cultural genocide aimed at the Jews in the Soviet
Union to relax the barriers which now prevent emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel.
Meanwhile, a Soviet Jewish family of three in Riga has written to United Nations Secre-
tary General U Thant to help relieve the "immeasurable suffering" that has befallen them and
th e ir rnlatives as a result of "unmotivated" refusals by Soviet authorities to let them emigrate
to Israel. A copy 0 ; 2.).• letter was released here.
The pleaders—Rakhil, Semi° and Josif Shetsen—wrote: "For all these torturing long
(Continued on Page 10)
Talks on 'Highest Diplomatic
Level' Favored by Envoy Rabin
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Gen. Itzhak Rabin, Israel's ambassador
to the United States, said Tuesday that he hoped the impending Arab-
Israeli peace talks under the auspices of Gunnar Jarring will be conducted
on the highest diplomatic level. "Since our intentions are
serious, we hope the representation will be on a high
level. The higher the level, the more serious the negotia-
tions," he said.
Rabin spoke to newsmen after emerging from
21/2 hours at the State Department where he met with
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
Joseph J. Sisco. The Israeli envoy returned to Washing-
ton Monday night from Jerusalem where he was sum-
moned for consultations a week ago.
He said that Jarring is trying to work out the level
of representation and the site of the negotiations among
the parties concerned; that in Israel's view, the closer the site is to the
Middle East, the better"; that he could not say who Israel's representative
at the talks will be. "When it is decided, Dr. Jarring will be the first to
know," he said.
Asked The purpose of his visit to the State Department Tuesday.
Rabin said that all countries which have accepted the U.S. peace initiative
are maintaining close contact with the U.S. government "and this is part
of it." A reporter who asked if he was "upset" by the omission of Israel's
condition for withdrawal from occupied territories in Jarring's letter to
UN Secretary General U Thant. was told by Rabin: "I believe that our
position has been made clear in our reply to the U.S. government's initia-
tive. It has not been changed."
Rabin said there were "mixed feelings" in Israel about the 90-day
cease fire. "People have to think a little forward to see what the outcome
will be." Asked to assess Mid East peace prospects. he replied: "When it
comes to peace in the Middle East I am no prophet."