Nebulous Islamic Rule of Palestine
Researched in Project of Hebrew U.
JERUSALEM — Important new types: (1) those left as plaques and the Israel administered areas
(i.e. the West Bank of the Jordan,
on monuments testifying to the
details concerning the nebulous his-
name of the builder or benefactor in particular Hebron and Nablus)
tory of Palestine under Islamic
At the present time,
rule, much of which is obsure, are
ooming to light in the course of a markings on tombstones extolling the first stage of the operation has
and work is now
research project undertaken by the the deceased, together with the
centered on Northern Israel and
Institute of Asian and African Stu- date of passing.
As an illustration of the latter, the West Bank.
dies at the Hebrew University of
Sharon produce a photograph of an
The survey is being sponsored
by the Institute of Asian and
engraving discovered on a tomb-
Under the direction of Moshe
stone in Ramle. Translated it
Studies as one of its
Sharon, lecturer in Islamic history,
died official research projects and, in
a team is engaged in surveying' reads:
on as-Sabt al-Kabir (the great
has received grants
Arabic inscriptions with a view to
from the Research Fund of the
14th of (the Jewish
eventual publication of a complete' Sabbath),
month of) Nissan." This piece of
Hebrew University, the Israel
corpus o f allh A ra bi c i
information goes a long way in Academy of Sciences and Hu-
tions to be found in the Holy Land ratifying
the knowledge of histor- manities and the municipality of
ians that a Jewish community was
Several basic difficulties face dimiciled in Ramle during the 10-
In point of fact, the current proj-
the historian concerned with doc-
1 lth Century.
ect will supersede an existing
umenting the Middle Ages of
Careful sifting of inscriptions French work published in Cairo in
Palestine's past, Sharon explained. such as those described should en- 1927 by the late Max van Berchem,
With the rise of Islam in the able historiographers to fill in those entitled: Materiaux pour un Corpus
middle of the 7th century C.E. sections of the history of Palestine Inscriptionum Arabicarum, which
and its spread throughout the which have remained vague until was intended to cover all the Ara-
Mediterranean area, Palestine, this day and in addition, provide bic inscriptions in Syria, Egypt and
as such, passed into the hands of pointers to the socio-economic Anatolia. One tome of this monu-
now one, now another victorious character of a particular time: to mental work deals with 'Jerusa-
Invader and its importance as an what extent was the interest of lem Ville' (town) and 'The Haram'
independent entity declined in the different governments in Palestine (Temple Area), but is incomplete
process of time. Instead, it form- manifested by the initiation of con- vis-a-vis the rest of Palestine owing
ed merely one of the subprovin- struction projects within the coun- to the author's death.
oes under Islamic domination try and what can be learned of
Another facet of the project is
and since it never, at any time, commercial and cultural activity the information it furnishes from
boasted the capital of any ruling throughout the various periods? the point of view of epigraphy.
dynasty, it failed to attract the Who constituted the builders of an "Palaeographers," said Sharon,
attention of the great Arab his- age, who were its wealthy men and "can learn much from the way in
what were their achievements?
which the Arab lettering developed
Eventually, Sharon envisages across the centuries and changed
Concomitant with this edging
from square characters lacking
away from the limelight is the
consequent dearth of historical one volume apiece devoted to the I diacritical points to a more cursive
sources which relate directly or Jerusalem area, Western Palestine i and flourishing script."
even obliquely to Palestine during
its 'dormant' period. This is w I
the study of inscriptions assumes
paramount importance in aiding _I?
not only the archaeologist but also
the historian to piece together a
NEW YORK—Jewish organiza- America. and United Synagogue
picture of times gone by and re-
describe the zeitgeist of yester- tions have charged the United of America.
In a letter written by Jordan
Department of Commerce
C. Band, chairman of the Na-
with authorizing federal expendi-
Sharon's team is, at the present, tures that would "foster attend-
tional Jewish Community Rela-
concentrating on the actual field- ance at a manifestation of anti-
tions Advisory Council, the or-
work and this involves locating the Semitic bigotry."
ganizations "urgently" asked
inscriptions a n d photographing
Secretary of Commerce Maurice
Nine national Jewish organiza-
them. Later on, the prints are de-
H. Stans to reverse the authori-
ciphered, translated (into Hebrew tions joined in the charge. They
and English), annotated and filed are the American Jewish Commit-
At issue are funds for improve-
according to place and year. The tee, the American Jewish Con- ment of a road giving access to the
limits of the survey are two land- gress, Bnai Brith Anti-Defamation "tourist
site of a attractions"
"Passion Play" and other
marks in the history of the Holy
— offered by
Land: from 633 to 1918 viz., the Jewish
M. Smith Foundation in
War Veterans of the
beginning of Islam until the end of U.S.A., National Council of Jewish Eureka Springs, Ark.
the Turkish Rule.
Elna Smith is the wife of Gerald
Women, Union of American He-
Generally speaking, the inscrip-
brew Congregations, Union of Or- L. K. Smith, long-time anti-Semi-
tions uncovered are of two main thodox Jewish Congregations of tic publicist and propagandist.
National Ao-encies Hit Commerce Dept.
ior O KIIlb Road to 'Passion Play' Site
Rebbe Completes Scroll Begun by Predecessor
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Consultative Jewish Group at UN
OK'ed; Other Groups' Status Attacked
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA) States delegate. Arthur D. Still-
-A United Nations committee con- man, said his country supported
firmed the consultative status of NGOs of all persuasions regard-
one international Jewish group on less of their attitude toward the
the Economic and Social Council policies of the government.
A special report by the Ameri-
but left the future status of an-
can Jewish Committee on the
other in doubt after it came under
facing the NGO sys-
bitter attack from the Soviet
tern stated that at stake is the
status of one and perhaps more
The council's committee on non-
of the eight international Jewish
governmental organizations rec-
organizations which have enjoy-
ommended that the World Union
ed ECOSOC consultative status.
for Progressive Judaism be placed
The report warned that contin-
on the NGO roster in what is
ued Soviet and Arab attacks on
known as category II, an area re-
the NGO status of several Jew-
served for groups with special
i s h organizations could possibly
competence and interest in
result in serious consequences
fields of ECOSAC activity.
for the Jewish groups and the
Rabbi William A. Rosenthal, ex-
NGO system itself.
ecutive director of the World Un-
The NGO system was incorpo-
ion, described it as the umbrella rated in the United Nations Char-
organization for Reform Judaism,
"specifically and uniquely a A,- ter which provided for a consul-
organizations. The current review
The Soviet delegate, Nikifor I. of NGO began Feb. 10.
Yevdokeyev, challenged the non-
Since its establishment in 1949,
governmental status of the Co-
ordinating Board of Jewish Or- JDC has assisted more than 250,000
ganizations. He accused it of newcomers to Israel, or about one
"narrow concern for only one or out of every five, at a total cost
two groups of people or states," of over $170,000,000, most of which
claiming that its major compo- came from UJA campaigns.
pent was Bnai Brith which, ac-
cording to the Soviet delegation,
was tied to the state of Israel.
The CBJO originally enjoyed
consultative status as an NGO
along with eight other Jewish
groups. But the NGO committee
failed to re-affirm its status when
it recessed last April after an ex-
haustive review of the entire NGO
system at the behest of several
During the course of that re-
view, CBJO, the World Jewish
Congress and other Jewish groups
came under attack from members
of the Soviet-Arab bloc. The at-
tacks were aimed specifically at
organizations which publicized re-
ports of the mistreatment of Jews
in Eastern European and Arab
countries. They were charged with
According to the Soviet dele-
gate, the president of Bnai Brith
made many statements which tend
to indicate substantial financial
ties between Bnai Brith and the
government of Israel. The United
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The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, places a crown on a Sefer Torah completed
just minutes before. Writing of this scroll began in 1942 by the rebbe's predecessor and father-in-law,
Rabbi Joseph I. Schneersohn. Several weeks ago, 28 years later, in commemorating 20 years of leader.
ship of the worldwide movement, the rebbe ordered its completion, which took place in a ceremony at the
Lubavitch Center in New York. Upon open invitation by the rebbe, more than 200,000 Jews from all parts
a the world registered their names—in accordance with an old Jewish custom — as participants in the
mitzva of writing the Sefer Torah.
LI 8 1822
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