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July 26, 1968 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1968-07-26

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Congress, State Dept. Clash Over Israel

support program at the end of
1967. The U.S. terminated the
special support because it was
learned that the oil-rich Arab
states were subsidizing the Jor-
danian economy to an extent
deemed adequate.
The new grant will help Jordan
pay for F-104 supersonic jet fight-
ers, tanks and other arms being
purchased from the U.S. It would
provide diversion of other re-

sources to meet the arms bill.
(In another Middle East develop-
ment, President Nasser of Egypt
said there would be no peace in
the Middle East until Israel with-
draws from all Arab territory oc-
cupied in the Six-Day War. In a
speech to the ruling Arab Socialist
Union Party, Nasser said Egypt
would not budge from its original
position—no negotiations, no peace,
and no recognition of Israel.)

(Continued from Page 1)
ment also criticized the administra- after Secretary of Agriculture Or-
five." The Rostow statement, tion for failing to implement a nu ville Freemand and Assistant Sec-
which made supply of the Phan- clear desalination program which retary of State Lucas Battle had
toms contingent on American it said might contribute to stability pleaded that the bill be killed.
Secretary Freeman had warned
diplomatic efforts on the Middle in the Middle East.
Administration officials con- that passage of the bill would
East. constituted the first White
House admission that the two mat- tinued to maintain the position frustrate growing hopes of a re-
that Israel did not currently need establishment of diplomatic rela-
ters were linked.
the Phantoms and that the mat- tions with Egypt. Mr. Battle
Sen Scott wrote President John-
son in reply that Israel urgently , ter remained under study. They warned that . the measure would
tend to disrupt normal economic THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, July 26, 1968-11
needed the supersonic jets and I continued also to assert that Is-
rael's ultimate security rested on relations in the Middle East. A
that arming Israel "strengthens
similar measure barring the im-
an accommodation with the
the chance for a lasting peace in
that area." He warned that if the Arabs through United Nations port of Egyptian cotton was re-
mediation along the line of UN cently adopted by the House of
U.S. faltered in support and com-
mitment "and Israel's defensive
ton is the major Egyptian export.
position weakens, then surely the
In a related development, Sen.
attack will come" on Israel.
The United States agreed to
A leading Republican member of Jacob Javits proposed joint United give Jordan $6,000,000 for goods
the House armed services com- States-Soviet sponsorship of a new or development projects. The
mittee, Rep. Bob Wilson of Cali- UN resolution on the Middle East Jordanian government had com-
fornia, also criticized the delay on if the Nov. 22 resolution — which plained that America was obliged
sale of the jets to Israel. In a authorized Dr. Jarring's mission— to provide this aid.
letter to Secretary of State Dean proved "as now seems likely, in-
Jordan is understood to have
Rusk, Rep. Wilson charged that adequate to the task of getting protested that $6,000,000 was a sum
the Soviet Union was establishing real negotiations started." He also that remained unpaid after the
air bases in the Arab states which urged United States-Soviet agree- U.S. cancelled a $30,000,000 annual
menaced the U.S. Sixth Fleet in ment on limitations of arms ship-
the Mediterranean while the U.S. ments to the Middle East but he
continued to refuse to sell to Israel added that until such time as a
the Phantoms it needed "to main- workable agreement on arms limi-
tain a deterrent strike capability tations was reached, it was essen-
against the Soviet-equipped bases tial that the United States assure
being established there." He as- that an arms balance was main-
serted in his letter that while the tained by the supply of "sophisti-
administration sought a detente cated military equipment" to
Kosists Tosims
. kosr;rs lematt A'mwt
with the ,Soviet Union, the Rus- Israel.
Rep. Claude Pepper, Florida
sians were outflanking NATO by
preparing jet bomber bases in Democrat and a member of the
Egypt, Syria and Algeria. He de- House Foreign Affairs Committee,
clared that more than 8,000 Rus- advocated a mutual defense pact
sians were already based in Arab between the United States and Is-
rael so that Israel would have the
The final wording of the same relationship to the U.S. as
House - approved amendment Turkey and Greece and other
specified that "the President members of NATO do. A "formal,
mutual defense treaty such as we
shall take such steps as may be
necessary to negotiate an agree- have with NATO members would
ment with the government of leave no possible doubt in the
Israel providing for the sale by minds of the Arabs or the Russians
about our determined defense of
the United States of not less
Israel in case she is attacked and
than 50 military planes common-
ly known as F-4 Phantom jet her independence threatened," he
fighters, in order to provide said.
United States delivered 54 M-2
Israel with an adequate deter-
rent force capable of preventing and M-4 Patton tanks to Jordan
future Arab agression by off- this week to replace tanks cap-
tured or destroyed by Israel. They
setting sophisticated weapons re-
ceived by the Arab states and were delivered by a Norwegian
to replace losses suffered by Is- ship at the port of Aqaba. King
rael in the 1%7 conflict." The Hussein was on hand as were U.S.
diplomats when the ship was un-
amendment, offered in a bi-
The ship also brought 17
partisan action by Rep. Lester
military transport vehicles and
Wolff, New York Democrat, and
Rep. Seymour Halpern, New 4,000 tons of wheat.
Israel's views on some of the
York Republican, was approved
major aspects of the Middle East
by voice vote.
Rep. Halpern noting that Israel problems are shared by a sub-
had not received a single super- stantial majority of residents of
sonic military jet from any source New York's Westchester County,
since the Six-Day War, called the one of the most affluent regions of
withholding of the Phantoms "a the United States and one that is
cynical way of conducting world predominantly non-Jewish. This
diplomacy." Rep. Wolff said that was indicated in the response to
"unless Israel has a satisfactory a questionnaire which Rep. Orgen
deterrent in aircraft, we can have Reid, New York Republican and a
no assurance that peace will be former U. S. Ambassador to Israel,
negotiated" in the Middle East. sent to his constituents in the 26th
The surprise House amendment Congressional District. The ques-
was opposed by administration tionnaire covered several aspects
spokesmen, including Rep. Thomas of U.S. foreign affairs.
The Senate ignored Adminis-
Morgan, Pennsylvania Democrat,
pleas Monday and adopt-
the chairman of the foreign affairs tration
committee. They argued the ed a bill prohibiting the further
amendment would unconstitution- import of Egyptian extra-I o n g
ally interfere with the President's staple cotton. The action was
conduct of foreign -affairs, that taken on a voice vote after un-
successful attempts by Allen J.
it was inappropriate on technical
grounds and that it did not belong Ellender, Democrat of Louisiana,
in the foreign aid bill. This section chairman of the Senate Agricul-
of the bill which was amended ture Committee, to kill the
dealt with administration of mili- measure.
The bill, sponsored by Senators
tary sales programs.
Earlier in the week, the Repub- Anderson and Montoya, New Mex-
lican leadership of Congress de- ico Democrats, was aimed at Egypt
dared after a policy meeting that because that country severed dip-
relations with the United
a dangerous imbalance existed in lomatic
States last year. The Senate acted
the Middle East that could be cor-
rected only by provision to Israel
') of the Phantom jets. The policy Commerce Dept. Journal
stand was stated at a press con- Lists 2 '69 Fairs in Israel
ference by Senate Minority
Leader Gerald Ford of Michigan.
All leading Republican Senators national Commerce," a publication
and Representatives, and Repub- of the United States Department
lican chairman Ray Bliss, con- of Commerce includes in its list-
ing of future international trade
Sen. Dirksen said, in reply to a fairs and agricultural exhibitions
question, that the United States two Israeli events set for 1969.
Listed are the International and
was the only source for supersonic
military jets for Israel, pointing National Flower Show scheduled
out that France had refused to for March to May in Haifa; and
deliver to Israel Mirage jets Is- Agrexpo, International Agriculture
and Food Exhibition set for the
rael had paid for.
‘WI°11-1(PiriN1 le""F"0"arKatgirAfniftt-XeliMPAWINLAWMA/AW141,14WIIVKNI:ftl4(00111-'14MillL4(0fitl/rOfillt/X0flig/K4NurL-•16,1414(
The Republican policy state- month of June in Tel Aviv.




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