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June 30, 1967 - Image 28

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1967-06-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Fate of Jews in Arab Lands Spurs Discussion in Knesset

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Premier
Levi Eshkol said that the fate of
100,000 Jews in Arab countries
who were being persecuted despite
their declarations of loyalty to
their countries would be dis-
cussed in the parliamentary for-
eign affairs and security com-
mittee.
The premier said their plight
was causing much anxiety and that
Israel was shocked by fresh re-
ports of threats and pogroms
against those Jews. A motion for
discussion of the affected Jews
was submitted for the parliamen-
tary agenda, but the premier said
that any plans for Israel's action
on their behalf should be discussed
in a closed committee session. ;
Ile also reported that Libyan I,
police were stopping assaults on
Jewish homes but doing nothing
to assist the Jews, who have been I
barricaded for 13 days. If they
leave their homes in search of
food or medicine, "they risk
death."
Eighty Jewish refugees arrived
in London from Aden by air, re-;
po rting that Arab mobs had been •
guilty of incredible brutality and I
destruction. Philip Jacob Samuel,
chairman of the Aden Jewish corn-
'nullity and one of the refugees
airl i ft ed here. reported that "I,
have never seen such hatred and,
deliberate destruction. Even the
youn_: Arabs were screaming out
that they wanted to kill us. It was
terrible. Had it not been for the
British troops, they probably
would have.
- Three Jews trapped in the
Crater district were attacked by
an armed mob. Two of them
were beaten to death and cut up
into pieces. The third man was
found alive. bar el y able to
breat he"

chairman of the Conference, ap-
pealed to the U.S. and other
countries, plus religious and hu-
manitarian le a d ers here and
abroad. "to restore human rights
and human dignity to the defense-
less victims of national and re-
ligious hatred."
Morris B. Abram, president of ,

the American Jewish Committee,
accompanied the issuance by the
Committee of a country-by-coun-
try summary of the situation, with
a statement:

The indigenous populations
of these countries, members of
ancient Jewish communities, are
the innocent victims of the
passions aroused by the recent
Middle East war, In which they
have taken no part. As Arab
representatives have themselves
attested on many occasions in
United Nations forums, these
nationals and long-established
residents of the Jewish faith
have no connection with. Zion-
ism or the State of Israel. Arab
spokesmen have also frequently
maintained that however they
feel about the State of Israel,
they have no animosity toward
Jews and respect Judaism as a
religion."
The summary of information

concerning the situation of Jewish
communities in Arab countries
follows:
• Egypt—The Jewish population
• h an estimated
is about 2 500
1,500 in Cairo and 1,000 in Alex-
andria. The Jewish community is
currently in a state of terror.
According to reliable sources,

about 600 Jews—including Grand
Rabbi Jacques Nefussi of Alex-
andria—have been jailed in the
Abouzabel prison near Cairo and
the La Barrage prison near Alex-
andria.
Their imprisonment followed
The refugees were greeted by
compulsory registration of all Jews
Sir Barnett Janner, MP, former
regardless of nationality at the
president of the Board of
end of May, and the arrest of all
Deputies of British Jews, who
able-bodied Jewish men between
had arranged the airlift. The
20 and 50 years of age on June 5.
10,000 pound ($28,000) cost of
Meanwhile, Grand Rabbi Chaim
airlifting the Aden Jews to
Douek of Cairo was placed under
safety is being covered by the
Inter-Governmental Committee
house arrest. Among the im-
prisoned were also the president
for European Migration.
All Jews have now left Aden. of the Ashkenazi Jewish commu-
The Moroccan government or- nity of Cairo, Mr. Deutsch, who is
dered that passports be granted nearly 70 years old, and two Jew-
to Moroccan Jews who ask for ish doctors, more than 60 years
them after some applicants, par- old.
Most Jews taken into custody
ticularly Jewish youth, reported
experiencing difficulties in making were beaten: one man had both
applications after the outbreak hands broken. For at least two

the Arab-Israeli war. Con-

of

siderable fear was reported in
the Casablanca Jewish community

days, they received only crusts
of bread in the Cairo jail; in Alex-
andria no food at all.

The Italian and Greek con-
after the Jewish community center
in Fez was the target of demon-
sulates intervened for their
strations against the Israeli vic-
nationals. The Italian liner
Esperia brought 45 Jewish men,
tory.
(Despite the disquiet. the 4,000-
three women and seven children
with Italian passports to Naples
member Tangiers Jewish commun-
ity held its regular communal elec-
on June 11. About 40 Jews with
tions. Abraham Laredo was elected
Greek passports a r r i v e d in
president for a three-year term.
Cyprus on June 12.
Tangiers is the only Moroccan city
• Libya — The Jewish popula-
where Jewish communal officials tion is about 5,000. Their situa-
continue to be elected. In other tion is very grave. Widespread
cities. such officials are chosen by mob violence has been directed
against the community. Many
the Moroccan government.)
Meanwhile, it was reported that families are barricaded in their
the Tunisian government had given homes and are running short of
reassurances to the Tunisian Jew- food. Persons with Jewish names
ish community some of whose have received recent telephone
members wanted to emigrate. The calls threatening them with vio-
Tunisian government also reit- lence if they dared to go outside.
The death of six Jews as a
erated warnings against attacks
on Jews after 180 demonstrators result of mob violence in Tripoli
set fire to the Tunis synagogue has already been confirmed. Two
and Jewish-owned shops on June 5. Jews were stoned to death, one
The demonstrators will be brought butcher was dragged out of his
to trial and face a possible death store-home and killed, another
Jewish man was burned to death
penalty on conviction.
The Tunisian government has in his auto, and an old lady and
created a commission to evaluate a young boy were murdered as
losses suffered by Jewish mer- they ventured out of their homes
chants in recent Arab rioting to seek food on June 9. Accord-
touched off by Israel's victory over ing to the Italian newspaper,
the Arab states in the war this Corriere della Sera. June 14, 1967,
month. The losses we-e suffered 16 Jews in Tripoli were thrown
when the mobs looted and burned to their death from rooftops and
balconies and a Jew ish bus
Jewish-owned stores.
The Conference of Presidents of driver was burned to death in his
Major American Jewish Organ- bus. A leader of the Jewish com-
izations protested in New York the munity, Reuben Hassan, was re-
"systematic campaign" of Arab portedly shot to death by a Libyan

atrocities against Jews in the
Middle East. Dr. Joachim Prinz,

28 Friday, June 30, 1967



policeman as he sought to obtain
asylum at a foreign installation.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Virtually all the Jewish shops age and injury suffered, and the police cars were sent to protect
in Tripoli were burned and looted. following day Tunisian workers the Jewish quarter in Beirut. Jews
Thereafter, mobs set fire to Jew- were assigned to repair the Great may leave the country.
• Aden—Although Aden is still
ish apartments. Police and firemen Synagogue.
Despite these actions and as- under British administration, there
arrived on the scene only after
surances,
a
couple
of
hundred
have
been frequent terrorist out-
the damage had been done.
About 25 Jews have managed Jews have emigrated from the breaks. A synagogue was damaged
country
in
recent
days.
The
several months ago, and during
to cross the border and escape
to Tunisia and some Jews of for- Tunisian government, while urg- recent rioting, after the outbreak
eign nationality have been per- ing them to remain, is allowing of Arab-Israel hostilities, the main
those who wish to leave to do so. synagogue and three other syna-
mitted to leave the country.
• Syria—It is estimated that gogues were set on fire, and ter-
However, the great majority are
either Libyan citizens or state- there are still some 4,000 Jews rorists shot at the firemen trying
to extinguish the blaze. Two
less. and the Libyan government in Syria.
has thus far refused to allow them
According to a report published Jews were killed, one was beaten
to depart.
in the June 9 issue of Adalet to death, and much Jew is h
• Morocco—There are approxi- (Ankara, Turkey), 200 Jews in property was damaged.
The British government has
mately 60.000 Jews in Morocco, Kameshli (Qamishli), Syria were
mostly in Casablanca. Moroccan detained and 57 were killed by facilitated the evacuation of the
officials have assured the Jewish mobs, mainly of young Syrians, remaining Jewish community,
which numbered about 135. They
community that everything possi- who attacked them.
were flown out by chartered plane
ble will be done to assure its
Even before the outbreak of
safety, but there is considerable
the recent hostilities the situa- from the British military airport.
anxiety.
tion of the Jews in Syria was ex- Only two Jews, both in hospital,

Despite government precau-
tions, there have been a few
isolated incidents: two Jews, a
young man and young woman,

were murdered by a mob in
Meknes; one Jew was critically
stabbed in Rabat; and a Jew-
ish woman was beaten in Casa-
blanca. The police commissioner

in Meknes has since been fired,
as has a Moroccan radio an-
nouncer who tried to stir up the
masses. King Hassan has de-
nounced the anti-Jewish acts and
has strengthened the police
guards around Jewish quarters.

The situation has been exacer-
bated by the propaganda campaign
of the Istiqlal Party, which has
been disseminating virulent anti-
Zionist and anti-Jewish slanders.
• Tunisia—There are approxi-
mately 17,000 Jews in Tunisia.
During riots on June 5, the Great
Synagogue on Bourguiba Avenue
was set afire, other Jewish houses
of worship in Tunis were damaged,
and various Jewish commercial
shops and cafes in the center of
the city were sacked.
President Habib Bourguiba. on
the evening of June 5, denounced
the riots. personally went to in-
spected the damage, and apolo-
gized to the chief rabbi. The presi-
dent and other Tunisian officials
promised members of the Jewish
community compensation for dam- ,

tremely grave. In Kameshli, Jews

have been subject to frequent

night arrest, interrogation and
torture. In addition, their free-

dom of movement was severely
restricted; many professions
were closed to them and they
were harassed in the conduct
of whatever employment was
permitted them.

Severe but s o m e w h at less
brutally administered restrictions
have been reported in other Syrian
cities as well.
• Algeria — There are about
3,000 Jews. Although Algeria has
been militant in its opposition to
Israel and dispatched some armed
units to aid Egypt in the recent
fighting, the Algerian government
has both in theory and practice
differentiated between hostility to
Israel and its treatment of the
local Jewish population. There
were no reports of any outbreaks
against the Jews. most of whom
live dispersed among the general
population.
Virtually all Algerian Jews are
French citizens and they are free
to travel to France if they so
desire.
• Lebanon—Calm has also pre-
vailed among the estimated 7,000
Jews in Lebanon, which took no
active part in the recent war with
Israel. As a precaution, Lebanese

remain in Aden.
• Iraq — There are approxi-
mately 2,000 Jews remaining. No
information on their situation since
the recent conflict was available.
However, as of May, the Iraqi Jews
were still being subjected to dis-
criminatory legislation restricting
their rights.

• • •
Russian Jews Afraid
for Lives During Current
Anti-Israel Campaign

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

LONDON — Travelers returning
from the Soviet Union say Russian
Jews fear for their safety because
of an atmosphere of anti-Israel
hysteria fostered by the official
propaganda organs of the govern-
ment, the Guardian reported Wed-
nesday.
A Soviet press campaign about
alleged Israeli atrocities during the
war and in the occupation of Arab
territory, which subsided for a few
days, has been resumed in full
force, according to the travelers.
Radio propaganda is liberally
sprinkled with references to the
wartime "crimes of the Hitler fas-
cists" in reference to Israel. In

some parts of the Soviet Union,

I Jews were reported fearful about
venturing into the streets.

First Book on the War, 'Strike, Zion !", Gets
Worldwide Distribution; Authored by Stevenson

At breakneck speed, Bantam
Books (271 Madison, NY16) this
week produced the first book on
the Middle East's June 1967 war.
"Strike, Zion!" a 216-page illus-
trated book on the crisis came off
the press in Chicago on Wednesday
and immediate worldwide distribu-
tion was started by the publishers.
Books were flown immediately to
London and Tel Aviv.

The book is by CBC cones-
, pondent William Stevenson and is
his on-the-spot coverage of the
war—before, during, and after.
He wrote the book in Israel and
returned to New York with the
manuscript on June 19, finishing
the next day.

Included is a special section by
Leon Uris titled "The Third Tem-
ple," a personal essay about the
emotional effects of the war and
its perspective historically. Uris,
the author of the 20-million copy
bestseller, "Exodus", also worked
on his portion of the book to cor-
respond with the breakneck Ban-
tam Extra schedule.
"Strike, Zion!" also contains a
64-page portfolio of action photo-
graphs and day-by-day maps cor-
responding with the battle action.
Stevenson, writing his coverage
of the Arab-Israeli conflict, re-
vealed many previously undis-
c losed
Among them were:

A private meeting was held in
Washington between President
Johnson and Israel Foreign Min-
ister Abba Eban, May 26 at
which the President asked Israel
to postpone action.
On the morning of May 26, the

Soviet Ambassador in Cairo de-

livered a request from the Krem-
lin to President Nasser that the
UAR should not be the first to
open fire.
There was an operational or-
der, dated May 21, instructing
the Eastern Air Region of the
UAR on the priority of bombing
targets in Israel, stressing the
importance of striking the first
blow, signed by the Egyptian
Eastern Air Command Chief-of-
Staff.
Israel's military calendar was
only 10 days in duration, Israeli
strategists figuring that if their
jets and tanks did not decisively
vanquish the Arabs by the 10th
day, the tide would turn against
them.
Many of the code names used
during the campaign including
the one which was later to recall
the entire period—"Strike Zion!"
A "voice-print" identification
was made of the widely-reported
phone conversation between
President Nasser and King Hus-
sein by the President of Voice-
Print laboratories in Somerville,
N.J., in the presence of a U.S.
State Department official.
Stevenson's factual and inter-

raided a Tel Aviv discotheque, run
by Mandy Rice-Davies (of London
Profumo-scandal fame), about four
days before the war began. Doc-
tors and nurses drew blood from
playboys and go-go girls with "un-
usually limp arms." Stevenson re-
ported the doctor's attitude as
"we'd rather have a few extra
quarts of whiskey-flavored plasma
than none at all . . . and they're
too weak to resist."

Marshall to Write
Book on Israel

Brig. Gen. S. L. A. Marshall
left for Israel to write a book on

the June 1967
war.
He has been
commissioned by
American Herit
age Publishing
Co.

In the "Pro-
file" one -hour
television p r o-
gram last Sun-
day, Marshall
said that while it
took 70 hours for
Israel to finish
pretive study of Israel's six-day the war until the
battle also includes profiles of cease-fire, he
Israel and Arab military and politi- would call the re-
cal leaders many based on personal cent conflict "The
interviews, and human and humor- Three Hour War"
Marshall
ous anecdotes.
because the decisive action was

Among the latter was one about by the air force in the first three
how a mobile blood bank crew hours.

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