State Department's Concern for Jordan
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright, 1967, JTA, Inc.)
WASHINGTON—Since the United
States now provides free arms to
Jordan, why not give Israel simi-
lar non-reimbursable military as-
This question emerged here after
the announcement that the State
Department confirmed the airlift-
ing of gift arms to Jordan. The
arms were sent, presumably, to
prevent overthrow of King Hussein
by pro-Communist Arab nations—
and not for a new Arab war
against Israel. But Israel is also
menaced—by a more overt and di-
rect aggressive threat—from the
same leftist Arab states.
Despite his unrelenting hostil-
ity toward Israel, King Hussein
is accused by Arab extremists
of not being adequately anti-
Israel. "Palestine liberation" is
the slogan of the fanatical drive
designed to undermine the King-
dom of Hussein. The hatred of
Israel shared by all Arabs is
exploited with cynical ferocity.
This one negative factor that
unites all the conflicting Arab
elements is used to foment riots
The United States does not want
to see the "pro-Western" Arab
monarchies overthrown. Collapse
of Jordan would expose Saudi
Arabia's northern flank. Arab so-
cialism is aiming for the oil and
power now shakily held by the
medieval regimes of the Arabian
peninsula. A legitimate democratic
surge would be welcomed by most
Americans. But realists see the
specter of a red flag of Arab revo-
lution denoting a pan-Arab front,
friendly to Russia, from Syria to
the Indian Ocean.
Washington policy-makers de-
cided to ship considerable quanti-
ties of arms to Jordan in hopes of
delaying the rising tide of Arab
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leftism. Since the Jordanian econ-
omy is basically subsidized by the
United States, a decision was made
to avoid the fiction of "sales" and
make outright gifts of most of the
Included are F-104 jet fighters,
Patton tanks, artillery, radar and
radio equipment, and other mili-
The excuse used by the State
Department was not the obvious
danger of Arab socialism. Too
many State Department officials
still believe that they can do
business with Egypt's Nasser.
The pretext, therefore, was the
Arab preoccupation over the
Israel frontier following the No-
vember Israeli action against
Jordan. Forgotten was the real
root cause of the Israeli reprisal,
the long series of Arab raids.
The most recent and deadly
came from Jordan.
No assurance was given by Hus-
sein that the arms would not be
fired against Israel. Indeed, the
arms list was drafted by a Jordan-
ian general staff with a primary
mission of combating Israel. Inhi-
bition of terrosists is a temporary
anti-subversive concern only be-
cause the terrorists oppose the
Hussein power structure. The State
Department admits this. However,
it is pointed out here that the Jor-
danian military establishment
must be strengthened against sub-
version regardless of Israeli se-
A security classification has
been placed on the amount and
types of arms shipped free to Jor-
dan. The Department will say that
some arms are of the "grant"
(gratis) category and others are
subject to payment.
All the equipment purchased by
Israel is subject to payment—and
in dollars, not Israeli pounds.
Israel is a democracy. Jordan
is not. Yet the State Department
is apparently more troubled about
Jordan's security than Israel's.
This matter is expected to receive
much attention from Congress
early in the new session.
Advances in Agriculture Reported
as Brody Bldg. Dedicated at Technion
HAIFA—"Israel leads the list of
countries in rate of agricultural
growth, both to-
tal and per capi-
ta, and is far
above the next
on the list,
the FAO's latest
survey of the
state of food and
agriculture in the
world," Prof. H.
Finkel of the
pointed out at
t h e dedication
ceremony of the
Samuel Brody Late Mr. Brody
Building at Technion City Dec. 25.
The Samuel Brody Building,
designed to house agricultural
machinery for testing and re-
search purposes, was made pos-
sible by a generous donation
from the late Samuel Brody,
prominent Detroit businessman
and philanthropist who died in
1960. It is an essential facility of
the farm power and machinery
option chosen by some 50 per
cent of the students who have
studied agricultural engineering
at the Technion.
"Here," according to Prof. N.
Buras, dean of the - Lowdermilk
Faculty, who presided at the cere-
mony, "students will learn about,
and experiment on, implements
used in the production, harvesting,
processing and preservation of
foods and fibres. Here research
will be conducted for the improve-
ment of these processes."
Prof. Finkel added that since the
formation of the state, while the
population had increased threefold,
total agricultural production had
increased 30 times, to a value of
close to 1,000,000,000 Israel pounds
($5,000,000,000) in 1965. In the same
period, agricultural exports had
increased about five times, and
of the $86,000,000 worth exported
abroad in 1965, $15,000,000 were
from products other than citrus.
This phenomenal rate of growth,
he continued, had taken place
despite the fact that the labor
force engaged in agriculture had
dropped from 35 to 13 per cent.
Participating in the ceremony
were Alexander Goldberg, presi-
dent of the Technion; D. Fuchs,
head of the soil conservation de-
partment, ministry of agriculture;
C. Avinoam-, head of the engineer-
ing institute, ministry of agricul-
ture; and Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Brody of Detroit, son and daughter-
in-law of the late Mr. Samuel
Yitzhak Silberman represented
the Israeli students studying agri-
cultural engineering. Simon Smith
of Liberia was the spokesmen for
students from the developing count-
tries who attend the special bache-
lors and advanced postgraduate
courses in agricultural engineering
run by Technion in conjunction
with the ministry for foreign
Among the many distinguished
visitors present was a large con-
tingent of friends from Detroit.
Robert Brody officially opened
the building by operating the elec-
tric switch which automatically
opens the huge hangar-like doors.
He pointed out that "Technology
and science are the most impor-
tant resources possessed by Israel
today, and are the key to her
He explained that his late father's
interest in agricultural- engineering
at the Technion had been stimu-
lated by Prof. Lowdermilk whom
he had first met in Detroit in 1953.
His father's belief in the impor---
tance of agricultural engineering
to Israel had found fitting expres-
sion in the Samuel Brody Building.
The Samuel Brody Building is a
novel experiment in the use of
modern building materials. Sheets
of corrugated asbestos cement and
fibre glass have been erected un-
der stress, in such a way as to
give greater rigidity than ordinar-
ily achieved. This has made possi-
ble the use of a lighter supporting
Among other distinctive features
is an elevator with a capacity of
six tons used both as a revolving
stage for demonstration and dis-
play purposes and in order to lower
materials and equipment into the
basement. There is also a soil bin,
wide and deep enough for tractors
to conduct tillage experiments, in
Yeshiva U. Enrollment
Largest in 81-year History
NEW YORK — Yeshiva Univer-
sity has enrolled more students
for 1966-67 than at any time in its
81-year history as America's oldest
and largest institution of higher
learning under Jewish auspices, ac-
cording to figures released by Prof.
Morris Silverman, registrar.
Some 7,305 students are enrolled
in its 19 undergraduate, graduate,
professional and preparatory
schools, he said.
The largest single unit at the
university is Yeshiva College, the
undergraduate school of liberal
arts and sciences for men, with
1,023 students. Next largest are
the Ferkauf Graduate School of
Humanities and Social Sciences
with 791, the Belfer Graduate
School of Science with 586 and
Stern College for Women with 552
A sin may extinguish a com-
mandment, but not the Tora—Tal-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, January 6, 1967-5
Yemenite Jew 1s t to Be Named
_MI- ember of Israel Cabinet
JERUSALEM (JTA)—New cab-
inet appointments were announced
here in a reshuffle that will pro-
vide a cabinet post for the first
time to a Yemen-born Jew—Israel
Yeshayahu Sharabi — who was
named minister of posts.
Sharabi, 56', succeeds to the post
vacated by Eliahu Sasson, who
was named minister of police in
place of Behor Shitreet, who re-
tired. The appointments were ap-
proved by parliament Monday.
A deputy speaker of the Knesset,
Israel's parliament, Sharabi has
been a leading member of Mapai
for several decades. He arrived
in Palestine in 1929. Sasson, 64,
had served as a Jewish Agency
official and as Israel's amassador
0 a number of countries before
he was named minister of posts.
In an earlier appointment, Zev
Sharef had been named to suceed
Commerce and Industry Minister
Haim Zadok, who resigned.
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present the poet's search for iden-
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