3 Auschwitz Officials Get Terms for Mass Murder; One Is Free
FRANKFURT (JTA)—A Frank-
furt jury court sentenced one of
the three defendants in the second
trial of Auschwitz death camp per-
sonnel to a life term in prison
and the other two to prison terms.
The verdict was issued on the sec-
ond day of Rosh Hashana.
Joseph Erber, 68, charged with
taking part in the murder of
thousands of Jews in the camp,
received the life sentence. Wilhelm
Burger, 61, received an eight-year
term. Gerhard Neubert, 56, was
to 3 1/2 years imprison-
Erber was convicted of murder
in 70 cases. The other two defen-
• ants were convicted of compli-
Oty in murder. Scores of Ausch-
Witz survivors testified during the
Burger left the court a free
Man, despite the sentence, because
time spent in custody was deduct-
'0 from his sentence. He served an
eight-year term in Poland after
conviction by the' Polish Supreme
Court. He was then arrested again
by West German authorities for
the Frankfurt trial.
The three defendants showed no
emotion during their sentencing.
They contended throughout the
trial they had simply carried out
Erber's duty was to select peo-
ple to go into the gas chambers.
Most of the 70 he is accused of
having killed in this manner
were old or sick or were chil-
dren. The prosecution accused
Erber of having gone beyond the
scope of his orders.
His brutality, the judge said,
had even been feared by other
SS men, and the . 70 killings
charged to him were the absolute
Burger was found guilty of hav-
ing obtained Zyklon B, the gas
used to kill 100,000 in Auschwitz's
gas ovens. He was chief adminis-
trator_ of the camp . in 1942 and
Neubert was charged with being
a member of the "preselection
committee" that chose some of
Auschwitz' arrivals for gas cham-
Ghana High Court Backs
Nazi' s Extradition
ACCRA, Ghana (JTA) — Dr.
Horst Schumann, 60, a former Nazi
death camp physician fighting ex-
tradition to West Germany to face
a war crimes - trial, has lost a peti
tion for release from prison.
The Ghana high court rejected
the Nazi doctor's bid for a writ of
habeas corpus to be released from
the jail where he has been kept
since lower courts ruled he should
be extradited to West Germany.
The rejection sustained a magis-
trate court's ruling in August that
Dr. Schumann should be returned
to West Germany.
The Nazi 'physician, whose
Argentina's Anti-Semitism Vigorously Denied
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
BUENOS AIRES — Gen. Juan
:Carlos Ongania, president of Argen-
tina, asserted vigorously in an in-
terview Wednesday with an Israeli
journalist that imputations of anti-
Semitism against his military
regime were without fOundation.
The president discussed the issue
and Argentine-Israeli relations at
length during a meeting with
Moshe Ron, general secretary of
the Israeli Press Association.
He told the Israeli that he found
himself in a dilemma about answer-
ing such questions. He said about
charges of anti-Semitism : "Please
excuse me for speaking frankly.
Such a question is a barbarity and
to ask it is to hurt this govern-
' He had previously spoken with
favor about proposals for establish-
ment in Israel of an Argentine
House. He told the Israeli that "it
is not possible that we should speak
Of an Argentine House in Israel"
and speak "at the same time about
anti-Semitism in Argentina."
He indicated he regarded such
questions as insulting even if
' they posed specific points, such
as what activities constituted
anti-Semitism and if there was
such a manifestation in his goy-
: ernment, what was its degree.
But, he said, questions on the
issue often were in his opinion
motivated by the "wish to hurt
and damage" in an expression of
attitudes "that we sometimes re-
. ject openly even with a certain
degree of pronounced dis-
He challenged such questioners to
produce evidence that his govern-
ment practiced anti-Semitism and
expressed the belief that Argentina
had never been anti-Semitic be-
Cause, "if sometimes there were
such activities, they were a corn-
pletely isolated fact which was
openly divorced from Argentine
feelings." He said that even in
moments of great "convulsion" in
Argentine politics "there did not
exist a real anti-Semitic pronounce-
ment in this country but only some
isolated manifestation, outside of
any Argentine feeling."
Gen. Ongania expressed regret
over the postponement, by Presi-
dent Sh•zar of Israel of his sched-
uled trip to Argentina last summer
during Shazar's tour of Latin
America. Reiterating that he con-
sidered the matter a postponement
and not a cancelation, President
Ongania said he anticipated that
the visit, when rescheduled, would
be "an event which will reaffirm
once more the good relations and
good feelings between the Israeli
and Argentine peoples."
Gen. Ongania hailed Israeli tech-
nical cooperation with Argentina
in the fields of agriculture and irri-
gation and added he favored such
cooperation not only in those two
areas but also in industry. He noted
that Israel was "actively engaged
in intensive development plans with
highly advanced technical meth-
ods" and said that such methods
could well serve "plans for our
He described the proposed
Argentine House in Israel as "a
synthesis of the fullest understand-
ing of any kind now existingi.be,
tween the Israeli and Argentine
peoples," not only from the stand-
point of his government but also in
response "to the feelings of the
entire Argentine people."
Argentine President Hails
Jewish Citizens on Holiday
BUENOS AIRES (JTA) — Presi-
dent Ongania paid tribute in a
New Year's message to Argentina's
500,000 Jews, to the community's
"spiritual and material achieve-
President Ongania, whose mili-
tary regime initially caused con-
cern among Argentina's Jews,
sent his message to the DATA, the
central representative body of
He said that the Argentine
Jewish community "which has
been living in our fatherland for
more than 100 years, has stood
out at any time by its labor in
the field of spiritual and mate-
rial achievement and has given
the country Argentine Jews who
have honored it in letters, arts,
sciences, technology, industry
"The native and immigrated Jews
have participated in the advance-
ment of the country and have been
loyal servants of the nation," the
president declared. "This great
celebration coincides with the
beginnings of the Argentine revolu-
He told the Jewish community
that there was for them reserved
"a position of honor in the com-
mon reconstruction and we do not
doubt that with your constant
capability and firm tenacity, you
will collaborate in the work in
which we are all pledged to
achieve the republic's greatness."
This, he declared was the place
"which fate has given us both to
implement our destiny and our
dignity as men."
New York Board Decides
to Go Ahead, Loan Texts
to Religious Schools
NEW YORK (JTA) — The City
Board of Education decided to
comply with the New York State
Textbook Loan law And will buy
$2,250,000 worth of - textbooks to
be "loaned" to pupils in Jewish
and Christian religimis day schools
and to other non-public schools
in New York City.
A State Supreme Court justice
has ruled the law unconstitutional
as _violating the principle of
church-state separation. He en-
joined New York State from pro-
viding such aid.
However, State Attorney Gen-
eral Louis Lefkowitz filed an ap-
peal from the ruling, and Gov.
Nelson Rockefeller notified State
Education Commissioner James
Allen Jr., that he could proceed.
Allen then notified school districts
in the state they could go ahead.
Initially, New York School
Board officials reacted with -
"wait-and-see" attitude pending
final clarification in the courts
of the law's validity. They then
decided to go ahead. In ordering
the textbooks, the city board
required delivery before Dec. 1
so that it could file reimburse-
ment claims with the state be-
fore the Appellate Court rules
on the law's validity.
The disputed law requires school
boards' to furnish textbooks to non-
' public school pupils in their dis-
tricts to the extent of $15 per
pupil, with the state reimbursing
the school boards for the costs
involved. Under the New York City
board eligibility standards, about
17,000 Jewish day school pupils in
the city could receive textbook aid.
Orthodox Jewish and Catholic
school systems are challenging
those standards as too restrictive.
Q uebec Premier Pledges Against Anti-Semitism
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
MONTREAL — Premier Daniel
Johnson of Quebec has pledged
that his government will seek to
"protect and strengthen minority
rights in Quebec in education,
civil rights and anti-discrimination
He made the pledge in an ad-
dress at the official opening of the
Sir Mortimer B.. Davis Memorial
Building of the Young.Men's and
Young Worrien'S Hebrew AssoCia-
Declaring that discrimination
would not be permitted to "rear
its ugly head" in Quebec, the
premier said his government was
eager to see the Jewish commu-
nity contribute to the develop-
ment of the province. He asserted
"there is no question whatsoever
of reducing or infringing on minor-
wartime experiments reportedly
resulted in the deaths of more
than 30,000 victims, most of them
Jews, was expected to appeal
the high court ruling.
The West German government
has long been seeking the extra-
dition from Ghana of Dr. Schu-
mann as a major Nazi war criminal
charged with mass-killing of Jews
and other inmates of Nazi camps.
He will be put on trial in Ger-
many as soon as he is delivered
to the German authorities.
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Quebec's Johnson Assures Jews of Friendship
MONTREAL (JTA) — Premier of greeting extended to the Jew-
Daniel Johnson of Quebec pledged ish community on the occasion of
that his government will do every- the New Year.
thing in -its, noWer to make the
It is the first time in a number
province's"' Jewish community con- of years that a premier of Quebec
tion and Neighborhood Housel tinue to feel at home here. He has issued a personal message on
Seryices of itont?reol. I made the promise in a message this occasion.'
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