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August 12, 1966 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-08-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

World Congress Concludes with Resolution
Urging Identification by Jewish Youth

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BRUSSELS—With the adoption
of a series of resolutions on some
of the most vital subjects facing
Jewry today, the fifth Plenary
Assembly of the World Jewish
Congress, in session here for _the
last 10 days, closed Tuesday night.
The principal resolutions, dealing
with Soviet Jewry, Arab-Israeli
relations, attitudes between Chris-
tians and Jews and relations be-
:tween the Jewish people and
• Germany were supplemented by a
"declaratory" measure, entitled
"An Appeal to the Jewish Peo-
ple," which proclaimed:
"The assembly, deeply con-
cerned with the permanent and
grave dangers that assimilation
and indifference constitute for the
Jewish people, and intensely con-
scious of the many signs of revival
and renewal of Jewish life all
over the Diaspora and responding
to the call of the young genera-
tion which is searching for Jewish
knowledge and Jewish identifica-
tion, appeals to the Jewish peo-
ple for the launching of a cultural
offensive to face up to the spiritual
dilemmas of our day."
The lengthy WJC deliberations,
attended by more than 450 dele-
gates and observers from all over
the world, except the Soviet Union,
were adjourned after a closing
address by Dr. Nahum Goldmann,
president of the global body. The
principal resolutions included the
following:
Concerning Israel and the Arab
states, the assembly took note of
Israel's continuing readiness to
enter into peace negotiations with
the Arab governments. The body
addressed an "earnest appeal to
the great powers" to take joint or
parallel action which will assure
the world that neither an imbal-
ance in Middle East arms nor
prospects of new arms deliveries
to the region will encourage
military aggression in the area.
In the interests of stability in
the Middle East, and "indeed in
the world over," the assembly
urged all governments, "irrespec-
tive of their political systems," to
facilitate the emigration of those
Jews who desire to go to Israel
and participate in the building of
the Jewish state.
Finally, on . this subject, the
WJC appealed to "all enlightened
sectors of the Arab people to
support and strengthen the "sober
voices in the Arab world that have
courageously called for an effort
to reach an understanding between
Israel and the Arab states."
The resolution dealing with the
situation of the Jews in the Soviet
Union expressed the WJC's "dis-
tress over the continuing "cultural
and religious discrimination ex-
perienced by Soviet Jewry," and
urged the Soviet government "to
re-examine its policies and ad-
.: ministrative practices with a view
to ensuring that the Jewish minor-

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ity enjoys the same rights and
facilities as are enjoyed by all
other minorities in the Soviet
Union."
The Congress voiced a series of
requests to the Soviet government
in this measure, summarizing
those points under these head-
ings:
1. The Cultural and religious
rights of SoViet Jewry;
2. The unhampered practice of
the Jewish religion and the es;
tablishment of country-wide repre-
sentation and a central religious
institution for Soviet Jewry;
3. Giving the Soviet Jews the
same facilities and rights to par 7
ticipate in international Jewish
meetings and organizations as are
enjoyed by other minority groups;
4. The intensification of educa-
tional and administrative measures
against anti-Semitism. in the Soviet
Union;, and

Re-Elect Goldm ann
W JC President

.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BRUSSELS — The World Jewish
Congress must start looking toward
younger leadership at the - helm of
the organization's global activi-
ties, Dr. Nahum Goldmann, presi-
dent of the WJC, warned here. He
voiced that caution in addressing
the delegates to the WJC's fifth
plenary assembly, which closed 10
days of sessions. by re-electing Dr.
Goldmann as president and two
other leaders as vice presidents.
The latter are Samuel Bronfman,
of Canada, and Lord Sieff, of Brit-
ain.
"Those elected," Dr. Goldmann
said, "are almost all of an age
which makes us ask 'who will
eventually take over.' We must
bring in the young, even if they
criticize or even if they are im-
patient with us—as young people
are bound to be. The congress
today, after 30 years, is as neces-
sary as it always was."
One of the ceremonies in connec-
tion with the closing of the plenary
assembly was the traditional
speech by the oldest member of
the WJC. This time the honor fell
to 80-year-old Yaacov Zerubavel,
of Israel, author and journalist
who is director of the Central Ar-
chives of the Jewish Laber Move-
ment.
In his address, which was the
final business of the meeting, Dr.
Goldmann declared, "We must go
home, satisfied that we had a suc-
cessful assembly. But we must
also be aware of the dangers
looming in this day and age. There
are dangers of assimilation, and
other internal problems. But there
are also other dangers from the
outside.
"Dark forces are trying to raise
their heads again. We must be
watchful and ready to fight for
Jewish rights and Jewish freedom
as before."
Among the resolutions adopted
prior to adjournment was one nam-
ing Hebrew, for the first time, as
one of the official languages of
the ,WJC. Until now, only Yiddish,
English and French were recog-
nized as the Congress' official lan-
guages.
Two of the major resolutions
adopted by the Congress—one of
them dealing with Israel-Arab re-
lations, the other with relations be-
tween the Jews and Germany—
were picked out for open reserva-
tions by some of the delegations.
On behalf of Mapam, Avraham
Schenker, of New York, noted that
his group abstained on the Israel-
Arab measure because no mention
had been made of the "courageous
voices in the Arab world, calling
for realism and peace negotiations
with Israel."
For Herut, Solomon Friedrich
voiced an objection to the declara-
tion regarding Jewish-German re-
lations. "It is the duty of every
Jewish organization and institu-
tion," he stated, "to warn hu-
manity against new dangers which
are apparent in Germany."

5. The facilitation of the reunion
in Israel and elsewhere of sep-
arated families.
Regarding relations between
Christians and Jews, the assembly
noted "with satisfaction" that the
leading church assemblies of the
world—the Council of Churches
at New Delhi and the Ecumenical
Council in Rome—have, through
recent pronouncements, urged
Christians throughout the world
to eliminate age-old prejudices con-
tained in Christian teachings con-
cerning the Jews."
The measure then went on to say
that the WJC assembly takes these
Christian pronouncements as evi-
dence of the good will of many
Christian ecclesiastic leaders from
all countries, stating that the WJC
"expects the practical implementa-
tion of these pronouncements at
all levels."
Regarding Germany and the
Jews, the assembly declared that
"the Jewish people cannot forget
the appalling tragedy, the suffer-
ings and the losses inflicted upon
the Jewish people by the Third
Reich and the annihilation of
6,000,000 Jews.
"This' inequity," the resolution
stated, "imposes upon the • Ger-
man people and its government
responsibilities which have not yet
been fully discharged."
The resolution concluded as
follows:
"The assembly is particularly
disturbed by recent tendencies in
Germany to forget the past. The
assembly acknowledges that many
German leaders—religious, politi-
cal, intellectual and, indeed, the
leading German press—have often
warned their own people against
the dangers of a rebirth of Nazism.
The assembly expresses the hope
that the young German generation
will understand its moral obliga-
tion not to forget the past, and
will refuse to allow a revival of
an ideology which brought misery
to Jews and to Germany itself."

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, August 12, 1966-7

African Jews Free of Political Unrest Leader Says

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BRUSSELS — There are 6,000
Jews in Rhodesia and about 800
in. Zambia, - it was learned here
from a report about the Jews in
Africa. The report was given to
the Jewish Telegraphic Agency by
Maurice Wagner, of Johannesburg,
general secretary of the Central
African Jewish Board of Deputies.
He was here to attend the sessions
of the World Jewish Congress
Plenary Assembly.
The recent political develop-
ments, both in Rhodesia and
Zambia, have not affected the
Jewish populations in those regions,
Wagner said. The Jewish corn-
mUnities, he added, are not par-
ticularly worried about their fete.
He reported that in Rhodesia, a

Jew, Dr. Aharon Palley is a mem-
ber of Parliament, elected from a
constituency which is predominant-
ly African and non-white. Another
Jew involved in Rhodesian politics,
he said, is not a native Rhodesian,
like Dr. Palley, but of British
origin. He is Leo Baron. a brother
of Dr. Jacob Bronowski, the famous
scientist.

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