A Weekly Review
Vol. XLIX, No. 25
Vital Need for
of Jewish- Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
August 12, 1966
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Eshkol-Sapir Economic Program
Threatens to Split Israel Coalition
From Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
Major liff Congress Issue
Germans and the Jews
BRUSSELS, Belgium, (JTA) — The most dramatic
session of the plenary Assembly of the World Jewish Con-
gress, took place when, in a tense atmosphere engendered
by bitter attacks against Germans by leading delegates,
one of West Germany's most prominent leaders addressed
the delegates during a symposium on "The Germans and
The speaker was Dr. Eugen Gerstenmaier, president
of the Bundestag, the lower house of Bonn's Parliament.
He had been invited to participate in the symposium by
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, WJC president. Hot debates took
place on whether or not to let that invitation stand.
Finally, two-thirds of the delegates approved the invita-
tion, but voted to let those who wished to boycott the ses-
sion do so without showing disloyalty to the World Jewish
Congress. A parade of speakers addressed the sesion pre-
ceding the symposium, complaining bitterly that it was far
too early in history to hear a German speak of Jews.
Dr. Gerstenmaier, speaking at the symposium, con-
ceded that there are still "serious worries" in West
Germany about some of the "rising voices" of reaction
and anti-Semitism. "There is still a great deal of con- -
fusion," he said. "At the same time, it is true to say that
the residue of anti-Semitism and Hitlerite ideas in Ger-
many plays a small part in the life of the country."
"Those who daub anti-Semitic slogans on the walls,
and desecrate cemeteries, are hooligans who don't even
know what anti-Semitism is," Dr. Gerstenmaier continued.
"But they know that such acts create nervous tensions
in the country, and that is why they do it. Some people
have pointed out correctly that anti-Semitism in Germany
cannot be cured by simply loving the Jews. It is a question
of normalization, of going back to decent values."
Alluding to the sharp protests against his appearance
on a WJC platform, the German leader said: "I realize that
I might have overstepped my limits. I realize that we
Germans will still, for a long time, not be able to feel that
we can go back, in regard to the Jews, to a normal rela-
tionship. But let me thank you again for letting me speak
here. And I say thank you not only for myself. It is the
Continued on Page 25
JERUSALEM—Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and his Finance Minister Pinhas Sapir
were still huddling today in a last-ditch effort to prepare a compromise package to raise
Israel's economy and, at the same time, remain satisfactory to all elements of his coalition
Not only has opposition been forthcoming from the Mapam and Ahdut Avodah, but
factions within Eshkol's own Mapai Party have been voicing strong objections.
The Premier had hoped that concessions already made to the coalition forces would
permit the presentation of a draft of the three-year economic austerity program for debate at
Sunday's scheduled Cabinet meeting. Hopes for such discussion seemed to fade, however,
when all of the various divisions regarding the plan were summarized here.
There are differences inside the dominant political alignment, with Ahdut Avodah
opposing the Mapai. Leaders of Histadrut, which is the Mapai backbone, are at odds with
Finance Minister Sapir, who is the draftsman of the new economic program. The left-wing
Mapam, whose backing in the Cabinet is essential if the coalition government is not to split
wide open, is still adamant against the plan, which Mapam sees as favoring the wealthy
against the interests of the Israeli workers.
Finally, even the other two coalition members, the National Religious Party and the
Independent Liberals, are critical, contending that neither of them has been consulted suf-
ficiently in the formulation of the economic plans. Unless negotiations are held with these
two parties, their leaders threaten to vote against the Eshkol-Sapir program.
The seriousness of the split within the Mapai-Ahdut Avodah alignment became evi-
dent following a 10-hour joint meeting of representatives of the two parties in Eshkol's
office. The meeting adjourned without a decision that was binding on either of the parties.
The next morning, a joint committee composed of representatives of the alignment,
together with Mapam, started negotiations on the economic planning Eshkol had already
offered to include in the economic program—a tax on upper ranges of capital gains and on
dividends in return for a Mapam agreement to a wage freeze for all Israeli workers. The
Mapam leadership was still dissatisfied, accusing the Premier of making only "minor"
As for Histadrut, its leadership accused Sapir of trying to put forth an economic
program that would hit the workers much harder than it would affect corporations or persons
with higher earnings.
One important backer for the Eshkol-Sapir program came forth when David Horowitz,
Governor of the Bank of Israel, announced in an address at Tel Aviv that he supported the
government's economic trenchment plans and the proposed freeze on wages and income
coupled with a rise in Israel's productivity. However, irony was seen in some circles here in
the fact that after Horowitz's statement, the Bank of Israel announced officially that it had
granted its employes a salary increase of 6.5 per cent. It was understood that the bank
workers had originally sought a raise of 10 per cent, but compromised for the lower figure.
While he was battling for agreement on the overall economic program, Eshkol pro-
ceeded to order further government economies as part of the new austerity program.
He asked the Knesset to reduce the number of delegates it is planning to send to an
interparliamentary conference in Teheran. He also requested all ministers to cut down on
their foreign travel wherever possible.
'Jewish Parliament' Seeks Order Out of Chaos:
Major Jewish Issues Perplex Delegates From 57
Lands at World Jewish Congress Fifth Plenary
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
BRUSSELS, Belgium—Every conceivable
issue that has emerged among the Jewries of
the world was on the agenda of the fifth
plenary of the World Jewish Congress that was
in session here for 10 days, through the final
stormy meetings held in the Palais des Congress
—the bulding in which the EEC usually holds
its meetings—on Tuesday. There was the usual
marathon of speeches. Every delegation insisted
on being heard and needed to express itself—
as it should have. Each conflicting idea found
a score of contradictory opinions. Yet, they had
to be uttered and they were, with the result
that oratory was the order of each long day at
sessions that often were marked by sharp divi-
sions of opinion. Out of the debates emerged a
realization that problems that affect one Jewry
may, with equal perplexity, involve many
others, if not all Jewries of the world.
In the annals of this "Jewish Parliament"
—as its leaders like to refer to the World
Jewish Congress—there have therefore been
incorporated the challenges involved in the de-
clining cultural factors in Jewish life, the fail-
ure of Jewish communities to draw the interest
of the Jewish youth; the "debate" relating to
Israel-Diaspora relations, the German-Jewish
"dialogue" that has been marked by so much
bitterness and by a sharp division of opinion
over both the timeliness and desirability of
There were the issues involving human
rights; peace and armaments, civil rights—some
directly related to Jewish needs and others
that compel Jewish participation in every aspect
of human relations.
Insofar as the Jewish issues are concerned,
there was the serious effort to establish order
out of chaos, to arrive at decisions that might
lead towards practical and constructive efforts
in Jewish life. This can be said with certainty:
the wish to find a way out of the jungle of prob-
lems was strong, the- way out of that morass
difficult. It is safe to say that the comparable
difficulties encountered by each individual
Jewish community similarly affect the world
Jewish community, and we may be as distant
from solutions as is any of its component parts.
For example, the Congress was seriously con-
cerned over the indifference, the lack of in-,
terest in Jewish life among the youth. There
were very, very few young representatives in
the various delegations. Isn't this the problem
of American, British, Scandinavian, nearly all
Western European Jewish communities—that
old age creeps up on Jewry's communal struc-
tures and that young people are unconcerned?
And when the Congress' notables spoke
about ignorance dominating Jewish life, could
any one have limited the challenge to a single
area? And when there was discussion about
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