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July 22, 1966 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-07-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Israel's Aims in Ending Arab Terrorism, Gaining Charles Madison Authors Historical
Shipping Freedom Told in Dayan's Si nai Campaign ' Record of Publisher-Editor Henry Holt,
There is no doubt that the story in this important book a series of Sinai? Dayan asserts that "the
of the Sinai' operation during which circumstances and of events, all military victory in Sinai brought `The Owl Among the Colophons'

'

Israel went deep into Egyptian
territory and might have reached
Cairo if the Israeli army had not
been stopped by the United Na-
tions now assumes even greater
importance as a result of the pub-
lication of "Diary of the Sinai
Campaign" by Major-Gen. Moshe
Dayan, published by Harper and
Row.
Because he had been the leader
of the campaign, the command-
ing officer who not only directed
the armed forces but also sat in
on the planning of the invasion
of Egypt, in a partnership with

merging into an operation that
may be discussed for many gen-
erations because of the union of
three nations against an aggressor
and in eventual disruption of that
union that brought about the col-
lapse of the Eden administration
in England, Israel's virtual sub-
mission to UN demands and
repercussions in France as well.

Of special interest at this time
also is the revelation by Gen.
Dayan that Israel was forced by
Britain to withdraw a cease-fire
agreement in the Suez Campaign
because it would have removed
the justification for the invasion
of Egypt by France and Britain.
Then Britain insisted, only a few
days later, at the UN, that Israel
should withdraw its forces from
the Sinai Peninsula. This is part
of the crisis detailed in Dayan's
book, and the revelations certain-
ly revive the discussions about it.

There are scores of interesting
episodes recorded in this signifi-
cant work. Of interest is the
tribute to the then Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion. A warning ar-
rived from the Soviet Union signed
GEN. MOSHE DAYAN
by N. Bulganin to withdraw the
France and Great Britain that Israeli troops from Egypt. Dayan
brought serious repercussions from writes after quoting the Bulganin
the United States and other na- letter:
tions in the UN, Gen. Dayan is
"Ben-Gurion did not hide his
perhaps the best informed man to
deep concern over the Soviet
offer an account of the occurrences
stand, nor did he seek to ignore
in October, 1956 when the entire the full gravity of its signifi-
world sat up to take notice of cance; but his reaction was not
what the Israelis were doing.
a trembling at the knees. He
was not seized with panic. On
The Israeli general's diary com-
the contrary, the emotional ef-
mences in 1955. a year before
the Sinai campaign, and extends fect of the Soviet ultimatum was
through 1957, in order to provide to spur him to struggle. What
particularly infuriated him was
not only background but the after-
effects of an historic event. While the difference between the let-
this work is "a personal perspec- ters sent to Britain and France
and that sent to Israel. The
tive," it nevertheless carries with
it sufficient responsibility in re- one to us is couched in terms
of contempt and scorn, and it
porting and recording to indicate
ac cur ac y, authoritativeness, a threatens the very existence of
military leader's right to present Israel as a State. The messages
and interpret occurrences that to France and Britain also con-
tain the clear and explicit threat
electrified the world.
to use military force and to
The Dayan story enables the
bombard them with ballistic mis-
reader to understand
siles, but there is calumny, no
what had happened, to review
threat to their political independ-
again the threats to Israel by the
ence, and there is none of the
fedayeen and the invading
coarse mockery that marks the
Egyptian terrorists who mur-
text of the ultimatum to Israel.
dered children in nurseries and
"I was very happy at the cool
and made life miserable for Is-
composure with which Ben-
raelis living-close to the border.
Gurion analyzed this new de-
Of immense value in the diary velopment. I can think of several
is the day-to-day account of the people who might have filled the
invasions into Israel by the position of premier if Ben-
fedayeen, the fears that were Gurion were not exercizing this
injected, the assassinations, the function, and whose reactions in
brutalities — all of which forced
such a situation would have
action by Israel.
reflected more than a slight
These accounts are as vital as dash of panic."
those dealing with the military
Were there gains? Did Israel
activities. There is thus combined benefit from the operation at

Sargeant's Valuab le Jazz_ History

Originally published under the
title "Jazz: Hot and Hybrid," the
important study of the subject by
Winthrop Sargeant, has just been
issued as a paperback by McGraw
Hill Book Co. as "Jazz: A History!'
It covers the subject from Africa to
today and contains an immense
amount of valuable data.
Negro influence in jazz and the
spirituals is confirmed in the au-
thor's statement that "in the sense
that jazz and spirituals (as types of
music) issued originally from Ne-
gro throats and Negro fingers, and
would not have appeared at all ex-
cept for the specific creative activ-
ity of the Negro, both are the most
assuredly Negroid."
On the other hand, Sargeant
states, "Tin Pan Alley's creative
activity has not been uninfluenced
by the Negro idiom. A certain por-
tion of its output has shown the
traces of the Negro method of per-
formance .. . Tin Pan Alley com-
poses some music that is influ-
enced by jazz idioms, some that is
not . . . "
Describing the Negro melody,
the author states that "in many
cases the melodies based on it

,

are so obviously mere embellish-
ments of common European folk
harmonies as to appear spurious
—or at any rate not characteris-
tically Negroid. This is true, for
example, of both "You Rascal
You' and 'St. James Infirmary
Blues,' either of which might
easily be a Russian Jewish or
Balkan folk song as far as mel-
odic physiognomy is concerned."
He adds: "The harmonic minor
with raised fourth degree is, of
course, common among the Sem-
itic peoples of North Africa and
Asia Minor, and it is not alto-
gether impossible that the Negro
may have brought with him to
America the musical fruit of an
earlier contact with these peo-
ples."
George Gershwin, Jerome Kern,
Helen L. Kaufmann come under
review. and their works are re-
ferred to and analyzed in Sar-
geant's book.
The reader gets an authoritative
view here of the evolution of jazz
rhythm in popular music. This jazz
history is a most informative work,
authoritatively presented to music
lovers.

Israel not only direct gains —
freedom of navigation, cessation
of terrorism — but, more import-
ant, a heightened prestige among
friends and enemies alike." He
explains:
"Israel emerged as a state
that would- be welcomed as a
valued friend and ally, and her
army was regarded as the
strongest in the Middle East.
Friendly powers no longer
looked upon her as an infant
incapable of assuming respon-
sibility for her own fate. And
the sale of arms for her forces
ceased to be conditional upon
prior agreement among the Big
Powers — the United States,
Britain and France.
"The main change in the
situation achieved by Israel,
however, was manifested among
her Arab neighbors. Israel's
readiness to take to the sword
to secure her rights at sea and
her safety on land, and the
capacity of her army to defeat
the Egyptian forces, deterred the
Arab rulers in the years that
followed from renewing their
acts of hostility. The Sinai
Campaign was not intended as
a preventive war. It was not
meant to forestall a sickness but
to cure a situation already sick
— to breach an existing blockade
of Israel's southern waters, and
to put an end to rampant ter-
rorism and sabotage. But in fact
it did have the effect of check-
ing Arab ambitions to do harm
to Israel. It is not by chance
that the president of Egypt,
Gamal Abdel Nasser, bids the
Arab states to refrain from at-
tacking Israel as long as they
have not strengthened their
forces. He makes this plea not
because he has stopped seeking
Israel's destruction but because
he has learned to respect the
power of her army."
Such were the gains. They were
made in spite of the threats from
the Great Powers. The U.S. posi-
tion during the Sinai campaign
is fully outlined. So is the role
of the UN and of those who sought
to get a full retreat from Israel.
But the gains at Aqaba, the end
to terrorism, the warnings to ag-
gressors — these were achieve-
ments that resulted from army
functions under the leadership of
Dayan and his associates — roles
so well depicted in "Diary of the
Sinai Campaign."

Hebrew Corner

International
Cultural Center
for the Youth

The International Cultural Center for
Youth, located in Jerusalem in a hand-
some building made of marble, was
constructed five years ago by an inter-
denominational organization, at the
suggestion of Minister Moshe Kol.
The object of the Center is to provide
the youth of Israel with an opportunity
of becoming acquainted with the cul-
tures of the other nations through
permanent and travelling exhibitions.
Another way is to arrange activities.
lectures, and talks on various countries,
accompanied by films and slides, folk
dancing, music, quizzes on other na-
tions, etc. The Center also observes
events and dates of the nations, such
as Independence Days and famous men,
as recommended by UNESCO.
Over two thousand elementary school
children, high school students, working
youth, and young people who have
completed their military service, par-
ticipate regularly in the activities of
the Center. The Center has three exhi-
bitions each month. Among the exhi-
bitions shown during the last school
year were one on Japanese art, an
international exhibition of children's
paintings, an exhibition of United Na-
tions activities, a large exhibition by
UNESCO on the Art of Writing, the
works of Mane Katz, and an exhibition
from Mexico.
This year the Center plans to show
drawings by Indian children, Chinese
art, and educational exhibits from Nor-
way. Finland, and the United States.
At least two large exhibitions each
Year are devoted to Jewish subjects.
This year an exhibition by Israeli
artists was held on the subject of
Jerusalem, an exhibition on illegal im-
migration. and an exhibtion of the
culture of North African Jewry. .
Transl a tion
tiebsrilti column, pub
■ dl by t le Brith
with
the assistance of the Memorial Fund
for Jewish Culture.
Material in vowelized, easy Hebrew
can be obtained by writing to the Brith
Ivrith Olamith, P.O. Box 7111, Jerusalem
Israel.

Charles Madison, former De- tesy of the trade' principle came
troiter, who has been associated
into fairly wide
with Henry Holt & Co. publishers
acceptance" and
since 1924, continuing as one of
that "in his eag-
the editors of Holt, Rinehart and
erness to further
Winston, gained
t h e professional
high ranks in
character of pub-
American liter-
lishing, Holt
ary circles with
sought to estab-
his books, "Critics
lish the 'courtesy'
a n d Crusaders,"
principle on an
"American Labor
industry - wide
Leaders" and
basis. With no
"Liberals in 20th
copyright on for-
Century Amer-
eign books, he
ica." He has just
believed that
completed a ma-
Holt
only by such
jor study of American publishing
means as 'cour-
ventures and the first result of
Madison
tesy' could pub-
this task is a noteworthy tribute to lishing be kept from chaotic com-
the founder of the Holt Co.—Henry petition."
Holt—who died in 1926.
Holt's failures as well as suc-
Holt, Rinehart and Winston pub- cesses are recorded in Madison's
lished this work under the title history.
"The Owl Among the Colophons—
His relations with writers, his
Henry Holt as Publisher and foreign representatives, the peri-
Editor." It is important as biog- odical publications for which he
raphy, and even more significant was repsonsible, his own writings
for its relevant references to pub- — all are part of an interesting
lishing efforts, to the vast number story about an interesting man.
of great books published by the
A special chapter is devoted to
house founded by Henry Holt, to Holt's relations with Robert Frost.
many of the eminent writers who There was a 48-year connection be-
received encouragement from Holt tween Robert Frost and the Holt
and his firm.
firm, and Madison states that Wil-
Dedicated "to the memory of liam James and Frost probably
Robert Frost, who considered were "the two most eminent au-
himself 'Holt's oldest em- thors published by the firm." The
ploye,' " the author of this his-
Frost story is one of the most
tory points to one of the eminent fascinating portions of this book.
men whose works were Holt When the Holt stock became pub-
publishing products, as an ex- licly available in 1928, Frost re-
ample of the greatness of the
ceived Certificate No. 1. Madison
lw is rt.iters who were on the Holt concludes this chapter of a most
friendly relationship with this
The writings of Henry Holt him- newsworthy sentence: "In 1964 the
self, the wealth of cultural literary documentary film 'Robert Frost:
accumulations that resulted from A Lover's Quarrel With the World,'
his recognition of the worth of produced in cooperation with the
great authors, the friendships thus Holt firm, won an Academy
created during his 40 years of Award."
The long list of outstanding Holt
leadership in the publishing field,
books with which the Madison his-
are part of this history.
tory closes is in itself a revealing
Madison writes that "the 'cour- historical record.

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(grin: main?

40—Friday, July 22, 1966

THE DETROIT

JEWISH NEWS

41111111111.

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