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March 18, 1966 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-03-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Moskowitz Hails Science Fiction's Writing Values
U.S. Initiative in illid-East,
"Seekers of Tomorrow" by Sam
Moskowitz, having taught science ford D. Simak, Fritz Leiber, C. L.
_Peace Tanis With the Soviets Moskowitz,
published by World, is fiction writing in college extention Moore, H e n r y Kuttner, Robert
a revealing book about the masters courses, writes with authority on Bloch, Ray Bradbury, Arthur C.
Urged by davits in Speech
the subject.
Clarke, Philip Jose Farmer, and

of modern science fiction.

(Copyright. 1966, JTA, Inc.)

WASHINGTON—Sen. Jacob K.
Javits, New York Republican, de-
clared in the Senate March 10 that
the time had come "to launch a
major international effort to con-
solidate the shaky Middle East
peace and remove a possible
source of conflict between the
United States and the Soviet
Union." He said the United States
should take the lead in such an
effort.
The Senator proposed that the
United States "invite the Soviet
Union to a conference for the pur-
pose of ending shipments of arms
and materials of war to the Mid-
dle East." He warned that the
arms race involved not only the
Arab states and Israel but also the
many disputes among the Arab
states.

He proposed the use of "all
diplomatic channels open to us
to urge the convening of a con-
ference of all nations of the Mid-
dle East and all other nations
with vital interests in this re-
gion in the quest of peace and
to make practical plans for the
development of the entire re-
gion."

The Senator also took a stand
of opposition to reported United
States plans to end favored nation
treatment of Israel for economic
aid on grounds that Israel could
no longer be considered an un-
derdeveloped country.
Asserting that the "potentials
for peace" were equally present
with the "prospects of a devastat-
ing war," Sen. Javits told the Sen-
ate that "the world climate favors
negotiations as a solution to inter-
national problems." He cited the
cease-fire worked out at Tash-
kent between India and Pakistan
with Soviet mediation and the
statement in Kuwait by visiting
Hungarian Premier Gulya Kallai
in favor of Arab-Israeli negotia-
tions. A similar effort, he said,
could and should be made in the
Middle East. "The United States,"
he stated, "should now plainly and
strongly indicate its willingness to
pursue such an effort and make
every endeavor to persuade the
Soviets to join."
Citing the United States-British-
French tripartite declaration of
1950, guaranteeing the Arab-Israel
armistice lines, Sen. Javits said
that there had been a "most signi-
ficant change" in the status quo
since then. "In 1950 the world did
not have to contend with a signifi-
cant Soviet presence in the Middle
East" but at the present time, the
Soviets were firmly established in
the Middle East "principally
through their trade in the goods of
war." He cited estimates that the
Soviet Union had sent more than
$1,000,000,000 worth of arms to
Arab countries during the past
decade.

The Senator said that a "major
criticism" of the administration
"has been its reluctance to be
persuasive with the Arabs to
come to the peace table." He
ascribed this to "a fear that the
Arabs would resent such pres-
sure." But, as West Germany
demonstrated just last year, such
fears rest on weak foundations,
he pointed out. He cited the fact
that West Germany had recog-
nized Israel despite Arab threats
and that now West German re-
lations with the Arab world "re-
main strong" and Arab-West
German trade "is growing rather
than diminishing."

be carefully created and world
opinion mustered in support," the
Senator declared: "The United
States must lead the way; especial-
ly since the United States missed
its opportunity when it failed to
support the United Nations effort
of 16 African and Latin American
nations in January 1962 to bring
the Middle East dispute to the con-
ference table."
He then referred to reports that
because Israel had developed eco-
nomically the United States was
considering cuts in economic aid.
The Senator said that among the
factors cited in support of such
cuts was the fact that Israel's hard
currency reserves now approxi-
mated $700,000,000. He pointed
out, however, that Israel's reserves
were not accumulated from any
favorable balance in its interna-
tional trade.
"These reserves stem from the
sale of bonds, which must be re-
paid, from West German restitu-
tion and reparations, which are
coming to an end, and from United
States Government economic help
which has been much reduced," he
pointed out. He also cited Israel's
foreign currency debt of some
$1,200,000,000, "the highest per
capita foreign currency debt in
the world" for which Israel must
accumulate reserves. He said such
factors "argue forcefully for the
continuation of U. S. economic
aid."

De Gaulle to Seek Soviet
Involvement in Mideast Peace

JERUSALEM, (JTA)—The Is-
raeli press reported that France
hopes to involve the Soviet Union
directly in a four-power agreement
to guarantee Middle East peace
and stability. The reports said that
Foreign Minister Abba Eban dis-
cussed the possibility of Franco-
Soviet talks on the subject when
he was in Paris recently and con-
ferred with Foreign Minister
Maurice Couve de Murville and
other French leaders.
The Israeli Government was re-
ported believing that the expan-
sion of the 1950 Big Power Tripar-
tite assurances to include Russia
could be a powerful factor in
stabilizing the Middle East situa-
tion.
Meanwhile, Soviet Ambassador
Dimitry Chuvakhin proposed here
the formation of a nuclear-free zone
in the Middle East.
Addressing the Israeli council of
the World Jewish Congress, he said
that a nuclear-free zone in the
Middle East would lessen tensions
in the region "and increase the
chances for peace talks between the
government of the area."

5 Men Held for Trial
in London on Charges
of Synagogue Arson

LONDON (JTA) — Five men
charged with setting fire to three
London synagogues were arraigned
here Monday in a magistrate's
court, where they were charged
with arson.
The charges involved the Bron-
desbury Synagogue, where a March
1964 fire caused damage totaling
8,000 pounds sterling (about $22,-
000); the Bayswater Synagogue
where a blaze was put out after
it had damaged only a side door;
and the Kilburn Synagogue.
The last two houses of worship
were desecrated by fire last June.
The magistrate ordered all men to
be held in custody for trial in Old
Bailey, London's central criminal
court.
All of the men were charged by
police to have been members, or
former members, of Colin Jordan's
British National Socialist Party at
the time the fires were set. The
testimony of police inspectors and
detectives charged they had admit-
ted such membership and had said
they had been influenced by
Jordan's Nationalist Socialist
progaganda.
One of the defendants said that
Jordan's wife had suggested that
synagogues should be burned but
that the name of "the movement"
be shielded.

If your enemy be hungry, give him
bread to eat,

WRITERS

ence fiction authors, make this vo-
lume especially noteworthy and of
considerable value to all who are
interested in this field of fiction.
An introductory essay evalu-
ates the extent of such writing
skills and states that "the men
and women who weave the fabric
that forms the tapestry of mod-
ern science fiction should be of
more than casual interest to the
thinking members of our so-
ciety." His statement is based
on the contention that "the in-
fluence of science fiction is wide-
spread" and that "even a large
number of children's toys and
games have evolved from popu-
lar elements of the science-fic-
tion story."

jects, fiction, nonfiction. No fee for
professional opinion. FREE: Brochures
that show how your book can be pub-
lished, publicized, sold; tips and article
reprints on writing, publishing, con-
tracts. Write Dept. 23C.
EXPOSITION 386 PARK AVE. S., N.Y. 16

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Referring to "the spirit of
Tashkent" — the pacification of
the latest India-Pakistan conflict
through mediation by the USSR
—he said his govenrment is try-
ing to find similar solutions to
problems in other parts of the
world. He called upon organized
Jewish opinion to back Soviet
opposition to what he called
"West German revanchism and
militarism."

Addressing the same meeting in
the presence of the envoy from
Moscow, Tel Aviv Mayor Mordechai
Namir expressed the hope that the
Soviet government would "under-
stand our feelings toward Russian
Jews."
The mayor asked that the USSR
"allow the Jews to develop their
traditions and culture" and to per-
"Persistent and continuing ef- mit Russian Jews who wish to emi-
forts by the United States for a grate to leave their country "to
Middle East peace are vital, for unite with their relatives in Israel."
such continuing efforts are needed
to build up public opinion—in the Panamanian Jewry
Middle East itself as well as in
The Jewish community of Pan-
the West and East—which will ama, which dates back to the mid-
rise in support of finally laying dle of the 19th Century, today
to rest the threat of war in the numbers some 2,000 persons, about
Middle East," he stated. Admitting half of whom live in Panama City
that "an effective resolution" to with a large settlement also in
the Middle East conflict "cannot Colon.
be brought about overnight or
through one single dramatic ef-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
fort" and that the climate "must
Friday, March 18, 1966-13

The imaginative power of the au- concludes with "Starburst."
thors whose essays are included in
this volume, the critical and bio-
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