Liberal Immigration Act Architect
Quits Post in D.C. Furor: LBJ Irked
WASHINGTON — Abba P. Sch- ministration, who has opposed
wartz resigned his high post in the some of the liberal policies sug-
State Department last weekend, gested by Schwartz.
the White House accepted it Tues-
day, and President Johnson has
been feeling the 'repercussions ever
Schwartz, a successful propo-
nent of liberal immigration, was
told last Friday by Secretary of
State Dean Rusk that a planned
reorganization would eliminate the
Bureau of Security and Consular
Affairs, which Schwartz headed.
The disclosure came as a sur-
prise to Schwartz, who had re-
turned the previous day from
Europe and heard about the
reorganization plans through a
Many State Department officials
and academic sources were out-
raged at such treatment, and a
number of references were made
to William J. Crockett, deputy
undersecretary of state for ad-
ABBA P. SCHWARTZ
Racial Equality, Right to Refuge
Acclaimed as Most Basic American
Principles at Amity Aivard Event
Two basic American Ideals —
racial equality and the right of
the homeless and politically op-
pressed to refuge and haven in
this country — were acclaimed
by recipients of this year's hon-
ors at the annual amity dinner of
the Women's Division of the Amer-
ican Jewish Congress, at Congre-
gation Adas Shalom, Wednesday
U.S. District Court Wade Mc-
Cree Jr., winner of the amity
award, recalled his experiences
since coming to Detroit 20 years
ago and during the 19 years that
has elapsed since the start of
the amity award policy of the
AJCongress, and pointed to the
earlier acts of discrimination and
to the gains that have been made
The Rev. Dr. Harry Wolf, chair-
man of the Michigan Committee
on Immigration, told of the strug-
gles for the repeal of the discrim-
inating immigration laws and of
the triumph that was attained in
effecting a return to the American
principle of fairness to aliens and
to those knocking at America's
doors seeking haven here.
Evidencing the community's
concern over Rabbi Morris Ad-
ler's well-being, the dinner
commenced with a prayer, pre-
ceding his rendering of the bene-
diction, by Rabbi Jacob H. Segal,
pleading for the ailing rabbi's
recovery. In the course of his
address presenting the award
to Judge McCree, William T.
Gossett read a long quotation
from a recent address by Rabbi
Adler who then pleaded for
genuine brotherhood in Amer-
Judge McCree, asserting that
"amity now is the official policy
of our city," deplored nevertheless
that "official policy on housing
still is not settled." He outlined
the gains of the last 19 years while
recalling the difficulties that were
encountered in the process of at-
taining them. He especially point-
ed to the radical changes that have
been made in police procedures.
"The task is not ended," he
stated. "Subtle forms of discrim-
ination continue." He warned
against the practices of white gen-
tile clubs which still practice bias.
Dr. Wolf described the inequi-
ties that were practiced under
the recently repealed immigra-
tion law. He referred to that
period as a time when "ignor-
ance, prejudice and bigotry took
over," and told of the serious
efforts that were exerted by the
committee he headed in the
fight against the discriminating
In his presentation of the spe-
cial award to Dr. Wolf, Rabbi Leon
Fram explained the Hebraic rule
of ahavat hesed—love of kindness
—and credited Dr. Wolf and his
committee with having rendered
a great service to America with
their efforts to secure the annul-
ment of the biased immigration
act. He reviewed the prejudicial
effects of the repealed law and
told of the harm it rendered.
In his presentation of the award
to Judge McCree, Gossett empha-
sized that "amity means deeds,
and action to put a stamp of ap-
proval on the right to dissent."
He warned against trends toward
standardization, he condemned
thought control and censorship and
admonished against tampering
with American principles. He paid
high honor to Judge McCree for
his fairness as a judge and his
courage in fighting against racial
prejudice and in overcoming the
bias he confronted.
In her welcoming address as
president of the Detroit Women's
Division of American Jewish Con-
gress, Mrs. Arnold Frank outlined
the purposes and philosophy of the
AJCongress and told of the nu-
merous local projects.
Mrs. Benjamin J. Safir, chair-
man of the amity award commit-
tee, made the introductions and
read several messages of greeting.
France to Contact
USSR to Join Pact
for ME Stability
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
TEL AVIV—France is planning
to involve the Soviet Union di-
rectly in a proposed four-power
agreement for the guarantee of
Middle East peace and stability,
the Israeli press reported here
The French, it was reported, in-
tend to raise that subject soon
when President Charles de Gaulle
visits Moscow. France, the United
States and Britain are already part-
ners in a tripartite declaration on
the guarantee of the Arab and Is-
raeli borders issued in 1950.
According to the press here,
Foreign Minister Abba Eban dis-
cussed the possibility of Franco-
Soviet talks on the subject when
he was in Paris recently, con-
ferring with French leaders, in-
cluding Foreign Minister Mau-
rice Couve de Murville.
The issue was reportedly stress-
ed during the Eban visit to Paris.
The Israel government is reported
believing that the expansion of the
1950 Big Power attitude to include
the Soviet Union could be a pow-
erful factor in stabilizing the Mid-
dle East situation, leading ulti-
mately to peace between Israel and
the Arab states.
Never fish in troubled waters.
Instead of responding to Sch-
wartz's letter of resignation with
one of his own, President Johnson
simply accepted the resignation
and sent the letter back to the
State Department "for action."
It was reported, however, that
President Johnson is concerned
about the possible political reper-
cussions of such action.
Informed sources said Mr.
Johnson was in touch with Secre-
tary of State Dean Rusk to inquire
whether some way could be found
to keep Schwartz in the depart-
ment to handle refugee matters.
Heads of national organiza-
tions, Jewish and non-Jewish,
telegraphed President Johnson,
asking him not to accept the
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy of
Massachusetts, who had engi-
neered the passage of the new
Immigration Act, of which Sch-
wartz was the architect, last year,
said he was considering a hearing
on the Schwartz resignation by a
Senate subcommittee concerned
with refugees. The act liberalized
the basic immigration law, elimi-
nating the national origins quota
The reorganization had been
proposed to the President by Mr.
Rusk six months ago. Why Sch-
wartz, whose status is that of an
assistant secretary of state, was
kept in the dark all this time was
Under the reorganization, the
offices of the bureau dealing with
passport, visa and special consular
problems will come directly under
Crockett. Under the former ar-
rangement, although the bureau
was theoretically under Crockett,
Schwartz usually dealt directly
with Rusk or Undersecretary of
State George W. Ball.
Schwartz had rendered long
service to liberal causes under
the tutelage of Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt while he was promot-
ing programs to help refugees
from Nazi Germany.
The President has felt his status
with New York liberal Democrats
has been slipping and is said to
fear that his standing may be
further eroded by the Schwartz
case. The New York Jewish com-
munity knows Schwartz well;
during the 1964 election campaign,
he worked vigorously for Sen.
Robert F. Kennedy.
Kennedy commented Wednes-
day: "His departure is a loss to
the government he served."
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, March 11, 1966-9
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