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January 21, 1966 - Image 18

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1966-01-21

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Three Important Harper Paperbacks: Spanish Jew Goes Find Thomas Mann Letter Criticizing
on TV in Plea for Nazis' Anti-Semitic Practices in 1921
Buber's 'Knowledge of Man,' Works
BONN — A West German news- that had been created in the coun-
Christian Amity paper
by James Muilenburg, Macquarrie
found and printed last week- try by the unjust treatment of Ger-

An eminent Christian's view of
"Biblical Faith and Ethics" is in-
corporated in a paperback issued
by Harper. Under the title "The
Way of Israel," James Muilenburg
sees Israel "commissioned to a
great service. She is the called and
consecrated slave of God, appoint-
ed to perform those tasks which
belonged to her servitude to him."
"The call to the prophet," Muil-
enburg asserts, "summoned him to
prepare the way of the Lord, and
this, at the deepest levels of her
life in the world, is the mission of
Israel. It is the way of Israel to
make straight a highway for her
Of interest in this study by a
Christian scholar is his evaluation
of symbols, of the making of idols,
and also of the historical merits of
Israel. He states:

"The way of Israel is historical
. . . to a maximum degree be-
cause its history belongs to God.
History is God's gift to Israel
and to the world. It is a unique
gift, not only because events and
times are unique, but also be-
cause of the particular nature
of the events. Israel's career in
the world has its beginning in
the divine initiative in a particu-
lar event. . • . The event is God's
word; in it, God is speaking to
Israel and to the world.... With-
out the Word spoken, there
would be no history, for it would
be without meaning and direc-
tion which His Word gives to
it . . ."

Another important paperback
issued this week by Harper is the
collection of essays by Martin Bu-
ber, under the title "The Knowl-
edge of Man."
Edited by Prof. Maurice Fried-
man, who wrote the introduction
to this compilation, the seven es-
says are supplemented by the text
of the dialogue between Prof. Bu-
ber and Carl R. Rogers which
took place April 18, 1957, as part
of the Midwest Conference on
Martin Buber that was organized
by the Univesrity of Michigan. Dr.
Friedman was the moderator.
In the course of the dialogue,
Dr. Friedman referred to a ques-
tion that was posed by a student
at a Baptist seminary, why Buber
is not a Christian, and thereupon
Buber told a story:

not about me, one that is a true
story, too, not just an anecdote.
A Christian officer had to ex-
plain to some people in the war,
in the Second War, to explain to
them—soldiers—about the Jews.
He began, of course, with the
explanation of what Hitler means
and so on, and he explained to
them that the Jews are not just
a barbarous race, they had a
great culture, and so on; and

then he addressed a Jewish sol-
dier who was there and knew

something and told him, 'Now
you go on and tell them some-
thing.' And this young Jew told
them something about Israel and
even about Jesus. And to that,
one of the soldiers answered,
`Do you mean to tell us that be-
fore your Jesus we have not

been Christian people?"

In one of the essays, "What Is
Common to All," Buber stated:
"The stretch of earth between the
Black and the Red Seas in which,
in the same epoch, Anaximander
and Heracleitus taught in Greek
and the Israelite prophets ad-
monished and comforted in He-
brew, must not be understood as a
wall but as a bridge between East
and West."
Another current paperback is-
sued as a Harper Torchbook is
"The Scope of Demythologizing"
by Dr. John Macquarrie of the
University of Glasgow. It deals
with existentialist the o 1 o g y,
analyzing the writings and ideas
of Rudolf Bultmann and his critics.
"Demythologizing" is described as
meaning something like "the re-
moval of mythology."

Mazin, president of the Jewish
community of Madrid, appeared
on the Spanish television network
and expressed the hope that the
Spanish hierarchy would endorse
the recently adopted action by the
Ecumenical Council in the Vatican,
repudiating the charge that the
Jewish people were collectively
guilty of the crucifixion of Jesus,
the New York Herald Tribune re-
ported in a dispatch from Madrid.

This was believed to be the
first instance when an official
Jewish spokesman had appeared
on television in Spain. Mazin is
not only head of the officially-
recognized Madrid Jewish com-
munity. He is also co-president
of the Jewish-Christian Friend-
ship Committee of Spain.

In his address, Mazin asked the
Spanish hierarchy to endorse the
Ecumenical Council's declaration
on Catholic church relations with
the Jews, which has been attacked
by some journals in Spain. He
also requested that textbooks in
some Spanish schools be cleansed
of anti-Semitism, citing some books
that continue to accuse Jews of
killing Christian children.
Mazin also attacked the ex-
istence in Spain of a group of
Lithuanians which he described as
"c o n s c i o u s l y anti-Semitic, pre-
meditated and militant, and mixed
with racism and Nazi ideology."
This group, which Mazin said
was now "happily reduced," pre-
tends that it is Christian but "in
reality denies the most sacred
Christian principles, which are
respect for one's neighbors."

end a letter written in 1921 by
novelist Thomas Mann in which he
said Germans should be "ashamed"
to accuse the Jews of creating the
sufferings in Germany.
Written orig-
inally f or the
Munich publica-
tion the Neu
Merkur, the let-
ter was never
printed by it.
The newspaper
Frankfurter Al-
lgem ein e Zeitung
published the
forgotten letter
last Sunday.
Born a Chris-
tian, Mann was
frequently called
a Jew by Nazis
and their sym-
pathizers, and he refers to this in
his letter, largely autobiographical,
dealing with his experiences and
relations with the Jews.

By 1921 the Nazis had started
their brutal policy, and Mann
called it "swastika nonsense ...
this brutality that we are wit-
nessing couldn't be worse."

many at the end of World War I.
Nevertheless, "A people suffering,

from injustice should from its
innermost core aim for particular-
ly good relations with justice," he
wrote. "But in these anti-Semitic

activities and accusations there is
not a trace of justice."

Religious Youths Stone
Clubhouse on Sabbath;
Bus Co. Cancels Route

TEL AVIV (JTA) — A police-
man and a demonstrator were in-
jured here Saturday in disturb-
ances touched off when a group of
some 200 religious youths sur-
rounded the Working Youth Club
in Bnei Brak, near Tel Aviv to
protest what they considered des-
ecration of the Sabbath by par-
ticipants in the club activities.

The religious youths threw stones
at windows of the club and at
police who were called to the
The Dan Bus Co. announced Sun-

day it has suspended bus service
to the Hatikva quarter of this city,
due to attacks against the vehicles
and drivers. A number of the buses
He said anti-Semitism was one

expression of the cultural crisis

Israel's Borders

Israel's borders with her Arab
neighbors extend for a total length

of 613 miles with 51 miles in com-
mon with Lebanon: 48 miles with
Syria; 349 miles with Jordan and
territory held by that country; and
165 miles with Egypt and Egyp-

tian-held territory.

have been stoned recently and, in
one case, the driver was injured.
The company announced it would
not reopen its service to that sec-
tion of the city until a special
committee determines the reasons
for the hooliganism and until the
company is compensated for dam-
age suffered.

God gives almonds to some who
have no teeth. —Spanish Proberb


"Now may I tell you a story,


Canada Jewish Delegation
Repeats Hate Mail Concern

MONTREAL (JTA) — A delega-
tion of the Canadian Jewish Con-
gress, led by Saul Hayes, execu-
tive vice president, called on Paul
Martin, secretary of state for ex-
ternal affairs, in Ottawa to reiter-
ate the concern of the Jewish com-
munity over the spread of hate
propaganda, and to ask for effec-
tive steps to be taken to curb it.
Martin, who is also acting prime
minister in the absence of Lester
B. Pearson, indicated that the gov-
ernment is studying the entire
matter and will soon publicize the
report which was submitted to the
government by the special com-
mittee of seven experts, headed
by Dean Maxwell Cohen of Mc-
Gill University, following which
the government will make its de-
The delegation also submitted
to Martin, as secretary of state for
external affairs, a request that
Canada ratify the international
convention on the elimination of
all forms of racial intolerance,
which was recently adopted by the
General Assembly of the United

to the growing list of features
which sparkle in YOUR newspaper

"Our liberty depends on free-
dom of the press and that can-
not be limited without being
lost." —Thomas Jefferson

Tyranny's first target is a free
press, but so long as truth is
made available to the people,
we have no need to fear for
the future of our democratic


coverage helps to keep our
community free by giving it
the knowledge it needs on
existing world situations.

Cotton Crop in Israel


and help to keep our American
community free from bias and ignorance:

We are proud to announce the expansion of our
direct teletype services from the capitals of the
world and from our own Nation's Capitol, with
special representatives in the White House and
both Houses of Congress.


Israel's cotton crop during the
past year yielded a total of 58,000
tons comprising 21,000 tons of
fiber and 35,000 tons of seed. Only
45,000 tons of cotton were har-
vested during the previous year.


18—Friday, January 21, 1966


VE. 8-9364


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