Nazi Victims Charge 34 Members of W. German Judiciary Served in SS
(From JTA News Services
to The Jewish News)
wibh Hunke. The other former SS
officers are Heinrich Feiertag.
former District Leader Josef
Glueck and a former regional
Bristal told Judge Heinz Klinge-
beil that he could testify to the
murder of 20.000 victims and that
he would not leave the court un-
less the other suspects were
brought in. The Sawitzkis associ-
ated themselves with Bristal.
Then the four Israelis said they
would start an indefinite hunger
strike if the others were not
placed on trial. They said they
would either refuse to leave the
court or start their hunger strike
outside the law court building.
Judge Klingebeil arranged to
meet with the four Israelis and
after a lengthy talk with them
he induced them to defer the
hunger strike. Later, the law
court press officer said the
judge had given the Israelis a
written assurance that West
German justice would do every-
thing to accelerate the trial and
punish those who were guilty.
The court said that Feiertag, ac-
cording to a medical certificate
from West Berlin. where he re-
sides, was unable to attend the
proceedings and that a similar
certificate was received from
Munich concerning Glueck. The
court also said that there were
no charges against the former re-
gional commissar whose name was
not disclosed. The court said he
was now an official in Hanover.
After another meeting with the
judge, the Israelis decided to can-
cel the proposed hunger strike.
Hunke was detained in the law
court at the request of the prose-
Elsewhere, at German trials:
In Kiel, a jury court sentenced
Gustave Fiedel, a former Nazi
guard in the Chelmno death camp
in occupied Poland, to a term of
one year and six months for par-
ticipation in mass murder.
Court officials said Fiedel's pre-
trial detention would be taken
into account so that he can count
on an early release. The sentence
is regarded as extremely light
and the prosecution was expected
to appeal. The sentence does not
carry the usual "at hard labor"
Earlier in Brunswick, a 52-
year-old businessman from
Aalen, in Wurttemberg, went on
trial for war crimes in the
Ukraine during World War II.
The man, Karl Dietrich, is ac-
cused of murdering 30 Jews and
of being the leader of a special
"battle group" formed by the
Nazi to fight partisans. He is
also accused of having issued
an order in March 1942, for the
shooting of 92 Jews, including
elderly men, women and chil-
dren, in the town of Grobsjanke.
Adolf Harnischmacher, of Ham-
burg, a former SS officer, went on
trial in Frankfurt before a jury
court on war crimes charges. He is
accused of participating in mass
murders in the Soviet Union be-
BONN—The Association of Vic-
tims of Nazi Persecution charged
here Wednesday that 34 judges
and state prosecutors now serving
in West German courts had
served in the judiciary of the
Hitler SS (Elite Guard).
_---- ----, The charge was contained in a
document published Wednesday
by the organization which con-
---\____ tains detailed biographical data
showing that the listed judges
and prosecutors had held similar
positions with the Nazi SS. In-
cluded in the publication are
photostats of SS membership
cards, appointments to Hitler's ju-
diciary, files from Israeli police
records and several photographs.
In Hanover, four Israeli wit-
nesses in the trial of several SS
officers charged with the war-
time murder of 15,000 Jews in
occupied Ukraine agreed Wed-
nesday to cancel a threatened
hunger strike over the absence
of some of the accused men
from the hearing.
Franz Hunke, one of the SS of-
ficers in Luzk at the time and is
the only defendant currently being
tried, was sentenced to life im-
prisonment with hard labor for the
murder of a young Jewish pro-
fessor in the Ukraine.
The four witnesses are David
Bristal, 46, a kibbutz member
whose parents were murdered in
Luzk in then Polish Ukraine;
Asher Goldenberg, 51, a Haifa po-
lice officer; and a couple, Mr. and
Mrs. A. Sawitzki of Jerusalem.
The indictment charged that the
SS officers committed the killings
tween 1941 and 1943.
When Bristal arrived at the
Hanover jury court and discovered
that only Hunke was in the dock,
he announced he would start a
hunger strike unless three other
men he contended took part in
the killings were placed on trial
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tween December 1941 and the fall
of 1942 as a member of an Einsatz
commando unit, one of many which
followed in the wake of Hitler's
advancing armies with orders to
Three former members of a spe-
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charges of mass murders of Jewish
men, women and children on the
eastern front in occupied Russia.
The defendants are Kurt Matchke,
65, a former SS officer, Edward
Spengler, 65, and Franz Polman,
54, the latter two also former SS
Matchke, who is charged with
the murder by shooting of 200 Jews
in Strodup in 1942, was sentenced
in 1954 in Cologne to a two-year
term at hard labor for participa-
tion in the shooting of more than
400 Jews, and Polman was charged
with the murder of 600 Jews in
Klinzy. Albert Rapp, the command-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, December 3, 1965-13
er of the unit, was sentenced in
Essen last March to life imprison-
ment at hard labor.
In Vienna, Robert Jan Verbelen,
a former SS general condemned to
request because of Verbelen's Aus-
trian citizenship. Later Austria
in 1945. He acquired Austrian citi- withdrew his citizenship and Ver-
zenship, taking the name of Isak belen again disappeared.
He returned to Vienna in 1963
Meisels under which it appeared
he had been an employe of the and was arrested. Under new Aus-
United States occupation forces in trian 0 legislation, the crimes for
which he was tried in absentia are
death in absentia by Belgium in Vienna.
no longer indictable and he will
1947 for wartime crimes in that
In 1962, the Belgian government
country, went on trial here this asked for his extradition but the therefore be tried on the other
week on charges of participating in Austrian government rejected the charges. The trial is expected to
last three weeks.
terrorist acts and mass murders in
Verbelen, who served as wartime
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German University Rector
Resigns After Exposure
BONN (JTA)—Dr. Goetz Frei-
merz von Poelnitz has submitted
his resignation as rector of the new
Regensburg University after dis-
closure of documents implicating
him as a former supporter of the
The rector sent his resignation to
the Bavarian Cultural Ministry a
week after Rector Ludwig Kotter
of Munich University sent to the
Bavarian authorities allegedly in-
criminating documents. The docu-
ments purportedly showed that von
Poelnitz supported the Nazi regime
before and during World War II.
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