Case History of '64 Philadelphia Riot Removes Links With Anti-Semitism
PHILADELPHIA . . Anti-Sem- and the man who owns the appli-
itism was not a primary factor in ance store on the corner likewise
the North Philadelphia rioting of are likely to be Jewish. "All too
Aug. 28-30, 1964, even though the often," the report states, "the
overwhelming majority of the Negro sees himself as a victim of
white businessmen in the riot zone their exploitation, and the con-
were Jewish, according to a study trast between himself and the
issued Monday by the American more affluent businessmen of the
community generates bitterness
Titled "Case History of a Riot," and resentment."
The report details also the "wide-
the study was prepared for the
Philadelphia Chapter of AJC by spread feeling among Negroes
Lenora E. Benson, a free-lance that Jews, as a group who have
writer and researcher. It is to be so often been victims of prejudice,
published by the AJC's Institute owe a- special solidarity to the
of Human Relations Press.
This brings on a demand, "con-
"Not one eye-witness to the riot
recalls the mobs shouting anti- scious or unconscious," that Jews
Semitic slogan_s although anti- "behave better than other whites
white slogans abounded," the re- in their dealings with Negroes.
port concludes. "Nor is there any- Whenever this expectation fails to
thing to suggest that the results materialize, there is an added
would have been appreciably dif- feeling of disappointment and be-
ferent had the majority of the trayal. The result is often a par-
white merchants been cf Italian, ticularly irrational Negro anti-
Swedish or German background." Semitism, which responsible ele-
On the other hand, the report ments in the community, both
does point out "the residents of Negro and white, work hard to
the area are very much aware combat."
The report was submitted at the
of ethnic and religious differ-
ences, and there is, in fact, some annual meeting of the AJC's na-
anti - Jewish sentiment which tional executive board.
A call to the Arab nations to
grows in part out of the economic
reconcile their problems with Is-
facts of life."
The prevalence of Jewish mer- rael and to promote coexistence
chants in North Philadelphia, the between Israel and the Arab coun-
report relates, stems from the his- tries was issued by Morris B.
tory of the area. Once a predomi- Abram, president of the American
nantly Jewish neighborhood, North Jewish Committee, at the conclu-
Philadelphia changed its ethnic sion of the session.
character as the Jewish commun- i Referring to Israel Prime Min-
ity climbed the economic ladder ister Levi Eshkol's recent order
and moved to other neighborhoods. to liberalize the restrictions on
The report touches on the "spe- the Arabs in the country residing
cial and ambiguous position" that in areas close to the frontiers of
Jews in general have in the Negro the neighboring Arab countries,
ghetto. In every large city, the re- Abram said that the Arabs, who
port points out, Jews both as in- always talk about coexistence in
dividuals and in their organizations the United Nations as members
have been in the forefront of the of the non-alligned bloc, actually
have been "purveyors of racism"
civil rights campaign.
But, the landlord, the grocer, in Latin America and elsewhere
BBG, AZA Members Itlapping
Operation Blue Box Clearance
Bnai Brith Girls and members
of Aleph Zadik Aleph Young Men
will combine forces to carry out
an "Operation Blue Box Clearance
More than 100 members of the
two Bnai Brith Youth Organiza-
tions will start out after a brunch
at Zionist House in Southfield and
will clear all Jewish National
Fund blue boxes which have not
been cleared during the regular
Mary Hartman and Ken Edel-
man, chairmen, respectively, of
the BBG and AZA Councils, in
making the announcement of
Sunday's project, stated that,
"as part of the world's largest
Jewish service organization, we
of BBYO are proud to make our
contribution to the development
of the state of Israel in its 18th
anniversary, by participating in
the JNF program - of land recla-
mation and land development...
"We believe in doing our part
in helping to rehabilitate the soil,
so much of which is still under
rocks and stones, and neglected
for centuries. By doing this, we
are also helping to rehabilitate
people, by providing the first op-
portunity for work to many of our
brothers coming into Israel, es-
pecially from Asiatic and North
Mesdames Abraham Scheuer,
Israel to Aid Tel Aviv U.
NEW YORK (JTA)—The Israel
government, recognizing the vital
role of Tel Aviv University in pro-
viding academic and professional
training, has appropriated the sum
of 23,500,000 pounds (about $8,-
000,000) to assist the university in
its development program over the
next few years, Dr. George S. Wise,
president of the University, said
on his arrival in the United States.
Philip Slomovitz and CarMi Slomo-
vitz are co-chairmen of the JNF
Blue Box Committee.
Mrs. Sidney Ravin of the JNF
board and former president of the
Women's Auxiliary, will brief the
participants in the Operation Blue-
Box Clearance Clean-up.
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
8—Friday, November 26, 1965
they continously appeal to the
most violent elements.
"They have been deliberately
fomenting trouble between citi-
zens of peaceful countries such as
Argentina and Brazil, simply be-
cause of their anti-Jewish feel-
ings," he declared. Abram, who
is U.S. representative on the
Human Rights Commission at the
United Nations, reported that,
when the convention condemning
racial and ethnic discrimination
was introduced at the United Na-
tions, the Arab countries inserted
an attack on Zionism, linking it
with anti-Semitism and Nazism.
Jacob Blaustein, honorary presi-
dent of the Committee and a for-
mer U.S. delegate to the United
Nations, presented the organiza-
tion's American Liberties Medal-
lion to Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg, U.S. representative at the
The award was accepted for
Ambassador Goldberg, who has
been bed-ridden for a week with a
virus, by Dr. James M. Nabrit, Jr.,
At a meeting of the Pennsyl-
vania State AJC conference, a
campaign to end discrimination
against Jews in management
posts in the Philadelphia area
The conference cited a survey
of Jews in banking executive posi-
tions in 1961 which showed that
about 1 1/2 percent of the 1,028 offi-
cers of the city's major commer-
cial banks were Jews. A survey
last summer showed similar data
on life and fire casualty firms in
The plan calls for employment
of a management expert jointly by
the Committee's regional office
and the Philadelphia Jewish Em-
ployment and Vocational Service,
to interest such firms in recruit-
ing young Jewish adults for con-
sideration for executive posts. The
project will be financed with a
grant from the Sunstein Founda-
(to qualified applicants)
Open Mon. thru Sat.,
9:30 to 4:30; Fri. to 6 p.m.
4 CONVENIENT OFFICES
• 17000 W. 8 MILE RD.
Portland, Me., Federation
Plans Population Study
PORTLAND, Me., (JTA)—An in-
tensive study of the Jewish popu-
lation, the first of its kind ever at-
t4mpted here, will be made under
the sponsorship of the Jewish Fed-
eration of Portland, Dr. Benjamin
Zolov, Federation president, an-
nounced. The answers which will
be received from the survey will
serve the many aspects of Jewish
UNITEIf-BRANDS. . DETROIT. U. S. A..: 42 . PROOF
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• 20000 W. 12 MILE
• 27100 LAHSER at 11 Mi.
1150 Griswold Street, Detroit, Michigan, 963-7626
"OPERATION BLUE BOX" SUNDAY NOV. 28
Is Jewish National Fund Blue Box Clearance Clean-Up Day
If Your Blue Box Has Not Been Cleared as Yet, Members of
B'NAI B'RITH GIRLS (BBG) and ALEPH ZADIK ALEPH (AZA)
will visit your home and clear your box, on Sunday morning, November 28.
We trust that you will extend a warm welcome to these young people dedicated
to the cau§e of Judaism and Israel.
Mrs. Abraham Scheuer Mrs. Philip Slomovitz Mrs. Carmi Slomovitz
Co-Chairmen, JNF Blue Box Committee
JEWISH NATIONAL FUND
18414 Wyoming Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48221
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