U.S. Charges East Germany With Refusing
to Provide Records of Nazi War Criminals
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The
United States joined with Britain
and France in asking the Soviet
Union to intercede with East Ger-
many to make available to West
Germany the files and records
necessary for prosecution of Nazi
The three nations criticized the
Communists"`lack of cooperation"
in refusing to provide essential evi-
dence needed in war crimes prose-
cutions. Diplomatic notes were pre-
sented in Moscow July 15 by all
The United States noted "with
regret" that Russia failed to re-
spond to a United States request
and made "unjustified accusations"
against the Bonn regime. It was
recalled that Ambassador George
McGhee, American envoy in Bonn,
asked the Soviet ambassador a
month ago to use his influence "so
that any material available in East
Germany concerning crimes of the
Nazi period will be transmitted"
to the Central Office for investi-
gation of Nazi Crimes, at Ludwigs-
burg, West Germany.
Soviet authorities have claim-
ed that West Germany is not
effectively prosecuting Nazi
criminals, while attempting to
create a public impression that
such prosecution is being con-
ducted and just punishment
meted out for the crimes com-
In Bonn, the International Com-
mittee of Camps, an organization
of former inmates of Nazi con-
centration camps, asked West Ger-
man Justice Minister Karl Weber
to see that the complete trials of
Nazi war criminals are fully re-
corded in the proceedings. Accord-
ing to traditional German pro-
Cedure, only parts of trials are
recorded in the preceedings if the
judge orders it.
In submitting the request, Her-
mann Langbein, chairman of the
committee, said that "not only
victims of yesterday, but posterity
will be grateful to the justice mini-
ster for those historical documents
laid down in the protocol."
Earlier, Dr. Weber told a press
conference that he was convinced
that the next 41/2 years until the
expiration of the extended statute
of limitations would be sufficient
time to investigate the cases of all
Nazi war criminals and bring them
Dr. Weber said that the time
would be used •"in a proper
manner." He made it clear, how-
ever, that he personally favored
the idea of bringing "only major
criminals to trial" while all
those "little criminals" who had
obeyed orders, should not face
trial. He noted that this question
had not yet been resolved by the
A new trial will open soon in
Bonn against six former SS offi-
cers previously acquitted after a
trial in which several of their war
crime colleagues had been con-
victed and sentenced.
The six will be charged with
having participated in the murder
of 152,00n Jews in the infamous
Chelmno concentration camp in
Poland, during World War II.
When the Chelmno trial ended,
two years ago, a guilty verdict
was handed down against one for-
mer SS officer who was sentenced
to 15 years' imprisonment at hard
labor. Several others were con-
victed and sentenced to terms of
18 months to three years.
The six were acquitted after they
claimed they had "merely followed
Yugoslav Jews See Govt. Cooperation
orders." Five were immediately
arrested, in the court room.
In announcing he had scheduled
a retrial, the prosecutor said the
six were "fully guilty" and could
not claim they were forced to com-
mit the crimes "because nobody
had compelled them to perform
those hideous tasks."
Labot_ MP, S. Silverman,
Wins Crusade to End
Murder Death Penalty
LONDON — Laborite Sydney
Silverman won a 30-year battle he
has waged since he entered Parlia-
ment when the House of Lords
approved Wednesday the bill to
abolish the death penalty for mur-
der in Britain.
Silverman, a member of Com-
mons since 1933, saw his own
chamber pass the measure last
week. Passage in the House of
Lords, however, was considered a
special triumph for Silverman be-
cause it had twice, since 1948, de-
feated proposals to end hanging
that had been passed by Commons.
The measure, passed 204-104,
now goes into committee for pos-
Silverman, once a pro-Commu-
nist, has been active in the World
Jewish Congress and often has
been involved in controversial is-
ISRAEL'S MERCHANT FLEET
Israel's Merchant Marine fleet
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placement of 968,000 tons. Most
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, July 23, 1965-11
BELGRADE (JTA)—The "cord-
ial cooperation" between the Fed-
eration of Yugoslav government
authorities, and that between the
Federation and international Jew-
ish organizations, were hailed in
resolutions adopted by delegates
to a conference of the Federation
The delegates met to hear re-
ports on its achievements during
the past five years and to elect
-new leaders. The inaugural session
of the meeting was attended by
Charles H. Jordan, overseas di-
rector of the Joint Distribution
Committee, and Dr. Gerhard
Reigner, of the World Jewish
Congress. The delegates elected
Dr. Lavoslav Kadelburg as presi-
dent, to succeed Prof. Albert Vajs,
who died a year ago.
In the resolution hailing the
cooperation of Yugoslav authori-
ties, the delegates expressed the
belief that this cooperation would
continue to develop, thanks to the
national equality - guaranteed by
the Yugoslav constitution. The
resolution on cooperation with
international organizations cited
the World Jewish Congress, the
JDC, the Standing Conference of
European Jewish Commmunity
Services, as well as associations of
Yugoslav Jews in Israel, the United
States and other countries.
In connection with the first
anniversary of the death of Prof.
Vajs, the conference was told that
the Federation of Yugoslav Jews
in other countries had jointly
planted a forest in Israel in his
'As the Sand of the Sea . .
Yet the number of the children
of Israel shall be as the sand of
the sea, which cannot be measured
nor numbered; and it shall come
to pass, that in the place where it
was said unto them, Ye are not my
people, there it shall be said unto
them, ye are the sons of the living
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