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A "TAI.- I
Motives for Changes in 'Declaration on Jews'
Outlined in Ilynne's Revealing 'Third Session'
European, U.S. Scholars
Join Israel Semitic Parley
mer," Rynne continues, "sev-
eral bishops, including Cardinal
Ritter (Aug. 24), acknowledged
that the text of the declaration
had indeed been changed in the
sense of the rumors, but he ex-
pressed the hope that when the
Fathers re-assembled, they would
restore the passages that had
been 'toned down.' "
Rynne states that "in order to
nullify the allegation made by
Arab countries that the document
was intended to be political and
not religious, Cardinal Bea's new
draft, exonerating the Jewish peo-
ple from the ancient charge of
deicide, -had been incorporated into
a larger context, dealing with other
"The Third Session" gains added
significance because Xavier Rynne
has incorporated in it as appendices
the two versions of the "Declara-
tion on the Jews." The full texts
provide factual material for fur-
ther study by theologians. They
supplement the data offered by
Rynne in a volume that is most
revealing and indicates courage on
the part of a Catholic to present
all the basic facts of sessions that
had attracted - the limelight from
all peoples and all faiths.
JERUSALEM—The First Inter-
national Congress on Semitic
Studies opened here Wednesday
with the participation of 50 of the
world's leading scholars, including
several from Eastern Europe
among the delegates. The largest
delegation, numbering 65, is from
the United States, with 19 from
Britain, 13 from France and about
20 from East European countries.
The delicate issue involving the
Vatican Ecumenical Council and its
discussions on numerous vital mat-
ters, including the Jewish ques-
tion, finds enlightening explanation
in an authoritative work, "The
Third Session," by Xavier Rynne,
published by Farrar, Straus &
The author has been at all the
sessions. He is viewed as a record-
er of the historic Vatican events
which are certain to be considered
the standard works on events re-
lating to Catholic issues.
"The Third Session" concerns it-
self with the debates and the de-
crees of Vatica Council II, which
took place Sept. 14 to Nov. 21. It
goes into great detail in reviewing
the discussions and in quoting
Much space is devoted to the
efforts made by Cardinal Bea to
assure passage of the proposal to
erase the deicide charge from
Catholic teachings. Xavier Ry-
nne's documented work is frank
and factual. It reproduces the
title page and an excerpt from
an anti-Semitic pamphlet that
was distributed to the bishops to
influence them against the pro-
posals to erase the blame placed
on Jewry, and it shows how
efforts were made to water down
the original proposals.
"The history of the version pre-
sented to the Council in September
1964 is interesting," Rynne writes.
"No other conciliar document prob-
ably has been subject to so many
influences and counterinfluences.
When postponement of the debate
at the end of the Second Session
was announced 'because of lack of
time,' most observers regarded this
as a mere pretext. Different rea-
sons were alleged for this move:
because the Pope was anxious not
to compromise the reception he
might receive in Jordan and Jeru-
salem on his intended pilgrimage;
because of sharp Arab protests
-against the document made direct-
ly to the Vatican Secretariat of
State through diplomatic channels;
because of misgivings on theologi-
cal grounds by some of the Pope's
advisers, perhaps shared by Pope
Paul; because of pressure exer-
cised by the minority in the Coun-
cil. The decision to postpone con-
sideration was probably taken be-
cause of a combination of factors.
However, as Cardinal Bea said,
`What is put off is not put away.'
The Secretariat began its work of
revision on the basis of the written
observations of the Fathers. Ac-
cording to an announcement made
in February 1964, the revised text
was 'much strengthened.' In April,
unfortunately, at a meeting of the
Coordinating Commission, it was
decided to order several changes
in the document to make it more
palatable to the theological minor-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
10—Friday, July 23, 1965
ity and the Arab _world. The text
was broadened to include mention
of the Moslems and other non-
Christian religions so that it be-
came a statement of the Church's
attitude toward, and relationship
to, all non-Christians. The most
disturbing changes, however, were
a watering down of the passage
exonerating the Jewish people of
the charge of `deicide' and a cer-
tain emphasis on the idea of their
`conversion' presented in such a
way as to suggest that this was to
be the dominant note governing
Thus, an eminent Catholic author-
ity—the signed name is a pseu-
nym—speaks very frankly about
the influences that interfered with
the adoption of the original pro-
posals made by Cardinal Bea and
the majority of liberal-minded
bishops. Rynne refers to published
reports regarding the debates and
the news that leaked out about the
watered-down document. He men-
tions the audience that was given
the American Jewish Committee
delegation, May 30, 1964, by Pope
Paul who "expressed sympathy for
the 'horrible ordeals' through which
the Jewish people had passed, but
made no allusion to any changes in
"In the course of the late sum
in Letter to Kosvgin
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
Heading a list of distinguished
personalities addressing the Con-
gress is President Zalman Shazar.
Other speakers include Zalman
BUENOS AIRES—The Argentine
Writers' Association expressed its
"deep concern" here Wednesday
over anti-Jewish discrimination in
the Soviet Union.
In a letter sent to Soviet Pre-
mier Alexei Kosygin, the Associa-
tion deplored the policy suppress-
ing the publication of books
Hebrew and Yiddish and the func-
tioning of Jewish theaters and
schools in Russia.
"Such a policy of discrimina-
tion," the letter declared, "is
flagrantly contradictory to the
so-called policy of nationalities
in Russia. Language and religion
constitute integral and sacred
parts of any community and no-
body and nothing can deprive a
community of their free exercise
without assuming great respon-
sibility before peoples and his.
Citing the denunciations of Soviet
bias against Jews voiced at a re-
cent Latin American conference
on discrimination against Jews in
the USSR, the statement called the
treatment of Soviet Jewry "an
irritating and irregular situation."
A GOOD MAN TO KNOW!
Aranne, Israel's Minister of Edu-
cation; Eliahu Elath, president of
the Hebrew University; Prof. Zion
Dinur of the Hebrew University;
and Professors A. Katzir and G.
Driver of Cambridge and Abraham
Halkin of the Jewish Theological
_Seminary of America.
Conservative Synagogue interested
in obtaining executive director.
Some experience with youth pre-
Please Write to:
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"Israel Tourist Guide," pub-
lished by Tourism International
Associates (270 Lafayette, NY 12),
with Binyamin Hoffman Publica-
tions (148 Ben Yehuda St., Tel
Aviv) as co-publisher, has just
been issued in a new edition, with
supplementary data that makes it
a most factual compilation of in-
formation for those visiting Israel.
Will Meet At
irney Public School
11 MILE RD. & EVERGREEN
This guide contains not only the
usual information about Israel but
STARTING SEPTEMBER 13, 1965
also many details like railroad
schedules and other minutiae.
As a guide to important places
to be seen, this book for tourists
Beginners (age 8) thru Graduation & Bar Mitzvah
Professionally - Trained Hebrew Teachers
is especially commendable.
Divided into sections devoted to
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Jerusalem, Haifa, the North and
the South of Israel, this guide is
so arranged that the search for im-
portant spots gets good and
prompt results and leads the
tourist to the places especially
noteworthy for their historic
The suggested tours are expertly
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of this book for tourists is of im-
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