(14127' 712121 ZI 7.7
HE JEWISH NE S
The Jewish News joins with the entire community, and with Jewish communities throughout the land, in saluting Israel on the
Jewish. State's Seventeenth Anniversary . . . May the eighteenth year bring Israel and the entire world closer to peace, and may the
scattered remnants of Israel that are seeking refuge from. oppression find permanent haven under the free banner of Israel.
of Nazi Defeat
C. ~ 1.:. TROI T
A Weekly Review
r\A t CH1 GAI`•i
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLVI I — No. 11
Printed in a
100 ,7c Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, May 7, 1965
56.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Movement egun to Counteract
Arab Boycott; Justice Goldberg
Joins in Urging Arms for Israel
Jernegan Tells Jewish News Editor
Israel Fully Able to Defend Herself
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
JTA•ewish News Washington Correspondent
WASHINGTON (JTA)—There has not been, and there is not today, a
major threat of military action against Israel, John D. Jernegan, Deputy
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, said Monday, address-
ing the National Policy Conference of the American-Israel Public Affairs
Committee. He also commented on Israel's growing enonomic strength.
American diplomatic efforts, he stated, are concentrated on encourag-
ing restraint on Israel and the Arabs in connection with the Jordan River
water issue. He reported that the likelihood of an early outbreak of serious
fighting over the water dispute seems to have receded. Reviewing the
water pr o b l e m at length, Jernegan reiterated American opposition to
the use of force, including the use of military measures by Israel to prevent
Arab blockage of the waters flowing into Israel.
Citing the dangers of an Arab-Israel arms race, especially pertaining
to escalation of weapons to more sophisticated types, Jernegan described
U. S. opposition to any idea that missiles or nuclear weapons should be
introduced into the area. He said this was American policy not only in
the Near East but in all parts of the world where such weapons are not
already in the hands of local governments. He voiced hope that Near
Eastern states with nuclear capabilities would extend the area of their
agreement to international atomic energy control procedures.
Jernegan said there had been no basic change in U. S. approach
to the Near Eastern situation. He said American policy remained one of
balance and even-handedness, aimed at preventing Communist penetration,
maintenance of peace, continued flow of Arab oil to the free world, free
communications through the area, and promotion of U. S. commerce with
all countries of the area.
In a letter to Philip Slom3vitz, editor and publisher of the Jewish News
in Detroit, Jernegan said that Israel has adequate arms sources, is
*luny capable" of defending itself despite the "very substantial" Soviet
shipments to the Arabs, and that "there is no cause for Israeli alarm at the
Jernegan commented on figures published by The Jewish News
enumerating categories of Soviet arms arriving in Egypt. He said "there
Is no doubt that the flow of Communist arms to the Near East has been
very substantial." But he did not think this demonstrated "the existence
of an imbalance as between the Arab states and Israel."
The State Department official insisted that "it must be borne in mind
that Israel has its own sources of supply in the West and has been able to
maintain an armed force which impartial observers, as well as Arab lead-
ers, consider to be fully capable of defending the country against any Arab
attack which might be mounted against it."
WASHINGTON, D.C. — A statement of policy adopted by the sixth annual
Policy Conference of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, held Sunday
and Monday at International Inn here, appealed to the United States for a direct
supply of arms to Israel as a deterrence to Arab aggression.
The conference adopted a policy statement which endorsed the Williams- Jav-
its bill pending in the U.S. Senate which aims to protect American businessmen
against boycott by Arabs of firms that do business with Israel.
The conference policy statement declared that the recruiting of Arab ref-
ugees for the Palestine Liberation Organization is a threat to peace.
Urging the American government to make clear to Arab states that unlawful
and spiteful diversion of water, in the Jordan R,iver areas, is an act of aggression,
the conference applauded this government's joint efforts with Israel to perfect de-
salination of seawater.
Commencing an all-out campaign against the Arab boycott and the black-
listing of firms that do business with Israel, a special survey, "The Arab Boycott
Involves Americans," was presented to conferenceparticipants. The survey shows:
That the American government has not defended American businessmen
against the boycott, and as a result, some have surrendered to it; that many busi-
nessmen, on the other hand, have defied the Arab states without loss; that firms
which have overtly capitulated have suffered a net loss of business; that Arabs
themselves have collaborated with Americans to evade the boycott when it has
suited their economic or political purposes; how Arab states pit Americans not only
against Israel but against fellow Americans; how the American-Arab Association
for Commerce and Industry has been used to publicize the boycott; how some
local chambers of commerce in the United States have helped the boycott along
by validating "negative certificates of origin,"; how, essentially, the businessman
who gives in to the boycott to save his business with Syria or Lebanon is "really
knuckling under to Nasser and no one else."
The survey cites the case of Hilton Hotels International, which is completing
in Tel Aviv another of its chain of hotels, as having defied the threat of boycott
against the company's hotels in the Arab states. Conrad Hilton had pointed out
that there was no threat from Israel when he opened a hotel in Egypt andthat
boycott and blacklists are against "the principles we live by and hold dear."
The survey tells how motion picture stars have been threatened with boycott
because of their activities on behalf of Israel, even though their pictures are still
popular in the Arab states. Edward G. Robinson was quoted that when he arrived
in Egypt, he was ushered into the immigration office "in grand style" and "while
everyone eagerly asked for my autograph, I was told that I could not enter the land."
Others on the boycott list are: Elizabeth Taylor as a "sinister purveyor of
international Zionism"; Sophia Loren, for making a film in Israel; Paul Newman, Sal
Mine° and Otto Preminger for "Exodus"; Danny Kaye and others.
The conference delegates urged continued U.S. economic aid to Israel and said
that, although AIPAC has always favored such aid to the Arab states as well as to
Israel, it urged caution against misuse of the assistance. It cited the United Arab
Bourguilla Stand Viewed as 'Breakthrough'
by Eshkol: India Backs Move for M.L. Peace
TEL AVIV (JTA)—The call for Arab-Israeli peace negotiations, issued by Tunisian President
Habib Bourguiba, was "a breakthrough, through the walls of hatred" surrounding' Israel, Prime
Minister Levi Eshkol declared Sunday. He spoke at a May First rally, as Israel celebrated the
international Socialist holiday.
Eshkol spoke at a rally at Petach Tikvah, where he declared that Israel's real solution to
the dangers facing her lies not in proposals coming from outside but in doubling the country's
population and rehabilitation of the country's wastelands with scores of new settlements. He
called on the labor parties and their settlement movements to make utmost efforts to help achieve
such solutions. He also expressed the hope that Mapai's alignment with Ahdut Avodah would
"soon become genuine unification."
Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin, in a May Day article in the military organ. Bamachaneh, stated
that Israel has the power to upset any time-table for conflict by the Arab states in general, and
Continued on Page 5
Continued on Page 13
Allied Jewish Campaign Exceeds
'64 Total ; Aim for New '65 Goal
at Drive's Closing On Wednesday
Last year's total of $4.500.000 has already been exceeded,
and the army of 2,700 volunteer workers is determined to reach
a new high in excess of 85,100,000, it was announced this week
by Allied Jewish Campaign leaders.
The campaign will conclude officially at the victory dinner
next 'Wednesday at the Jewish Center. To attain the higher goal
—the largest sum to be reached since 1959—it will be necessary
to reach 8,000 more potential contributors, and the army of
workers is setting out during the final days of the drive to reach
Detailed story on Page 7