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April 02, 1965 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-04-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ex-SS Colonel Gets 10 Life Terms • •

Admits Guilt Without Reservation

(From JTA News Services to The Jewish News)

Nazi trials moved on relentlessly throughout Germany
and Austria this week, with defendants admitting to atrocities
and punishments being meted out to others who have been
convicted.
In Essen, Germany, Alfred had interviewed at least 200 SS
Rapp, formerly a colonel in officers and other Nazis charged
Hitler's SS, who has been on with mass murder.
He testified that, in most in-
trial here for the murder of
at least 10,000 Jews during stances, a Nazi refusing to take
World War II, was sentenced part in mass murder would be
here Tuesday to 10 terms of sent to the front but not punished
in any other manner.
life imprisonment.

`The only reason so many others
It was believed to be the most
severe prison sentence, short of did not ask for duty at the front,"
death, ever meted out to a con- he said, "was because, if they shot
at the front, someone would shoot
victed Nazi criminal.
back; but; when they shot down
Rapp had been charged with helpless men, women and children,
supervision of 10 mass killings of the only response was the moan-
Jews in 1942 at Klinzy, in the ing of the dying."
Soviet Union. He had told the
In Graz, Austria, Friedrich
court he would not plead innocent, Lex, the wartime Nazi chief in
declaring that "what happened was Tarnopol in occupied Poland,
so terrible that I cannot and will
was sentenced to 15 years' im-
not ask for mercy."
prisonment on w a r crimes
Rapp, 66, admitted his guilt
charges. Lex had been found
without reservation, a rare de- guilty in connection with the
velopment in Nazi war crimes murder of thousands of Jewish
trials.
victims in Tarnopol.
Most of the former Nazis who
Three Israeli witnesses, sur-
have been tried in West Germany vivors of the Nazi period in the
have denied the charges against Tarnopol district in occupied Po-
them, or tried to shift responsibil- land, testified that Lex personal-
ity to their superiors. Rapp also ly killed many victims.
testified he had never pleaded
Aburaham Ochs, 74, Tel Aviv,
obedience to orders as an excuse testified that Lex ordered in 1942
for his actions, and that he had a march in a "Children and Aged
expressed his readiness to take Action" in which the Nazis assem-
responsibility for them.
bled several hundred Jews who af-
He admitted he had taken part terwards were shot in the nearby
in the execution of mental defec- Janovska woods. He also gave a
tives at Trubtchevsk, and in one detailed description of how Lex
execution of Jews which, he said, personally shot three Jews.
had been an overwhelming shock
Barbara Spinner, 41, also of Tel
He said that since the war and Aviv, testified that on Aug. 31,
during four years of pre-trial de- 1942, her mother, grandmother and
tention, he had time for reflection brother were shot by the Nazis.
on his wartime activities.
Pointing at Lex, she said, "This is
At Frankfurt, Pennsylvania
the hangman of my family."
Supreme Court Justice Michael
Dr. Bernhard Reichenbach, chief
A. Mussmano, who was one of of the Naharya hospital, testifield-
the American prosecutors during that Lex shot Marcus Bernhard, 20,
the Nuremberg war crimes trials,
on the street. To all charges, Lex
told the court trying 22 Ausch-
replied that he had never shot a
witz concentration camp person-
single person.
nel, that members of Hitler's SS
At Dusseldorf, a survivor of
could have refused to participate
the Treblinka death camp col-
in the mass murders of Jews if
lapsed while testifying at a
they really wanted to do so.
Nazi war crimes trial that he
Judge Mussmano based his as- had been forced to throw his
sertion on facts he had accum- infant sister into a trench filled
ulated after World War II as a with burning bodies.
prosecutor and as an official who
Joseph Waller, 37, now a
mummsonnamemmismumenom Brooklyn interior decorator, sobbed
that "God saw it all, why didn't
He do anything." He suffered a
GRACE YOUR
heart attack and doctors in the
FESTIVE TABLE
courtroom said he had to have rest
and quiet after the "strain" of his
WITH
testimony.
He was witness in the trial of
gtom c 7 ad
10 former Nazi personnel of the
camp charged with killing nearly
700,000 Jews in the camp during
the war.
The witness testified that as a
ez only Aand imodu,th and tottizd
boy of 12, he had been put on a
In garns.ct cRisi;ort-iz-_gion
work detail by the camp's crema-
A LARGE
atoria. He said "they made me
throw two girls into a trench where
VARIETY OF
bodies were burning. Then—dear
WINES
God — my eight-month-old sister,"
and
he said, sobbing softly before he
collapsed.
CHAMPAGNES
At Cologne. Dr. Hans Globke,
TO SUIT
who served as state secretary to
EVERY TASTE
former Chancellor Konrad Ade-
nauer, testified at a Nazi war
crimes trial here that nothing
CONCORD and
could have been done against the
MALAGA also in
I\Tzi murderers of Jews during the
GALLONS AND
HALF GALLONS
Hitler regime.
He testified at the trial of 10
■ ■
■ ■
former staff members of the
The Gift of Gifts
Sachsenhausen murder c amp. He



STAR
also insisted that no one could
Certified strictly
XiaelakiTNO
then speak up against the crimes
Kosher by the Chief
and that prosecutors would have
Rabbinate of Israel
been punished if they had tried to
Available Now in
protest or act against the mur-
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der of Jews.
Dr. Globke, who was forced out
MICHIGAN DISTRIBUTOR
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crimes but that he had heard
privately about the killings from
soldiers returning on leave from
the eastern front. He was a rank-
ing official of the Nazi interior
ministry.

*

*

*

German Catholic Organ
Identifies Nazi in Hiding

MUNICH (JTA)—A spokesman
for the Catholic Munich diocese as-
serted that a former Nazi official
accused of ordering the murder of
30,000 Jews was living as "a re-
spected businessman" in West Ger-
many.
The Bavarian Catholic Action
magazine, "The Living Cell." identi-
fied the man as Franz Hofer and
said he was living in Mulheim in
the Ruhr district. The magazine
said that Hofer was named the
Nazi commander for the Inns-
bruck area and became known as
"Hitler's most faithful follower."
He escaped from American
forces who had detained him at the
former Dachau death camp. He was
sentenced later by a German court
to 10 years at hard labor, escaped
and managed to hide himself un-
til 1953 under the name of Franz
Leitner.

* *

*

front of the university, protesting
what they called his "anti-Semitic
and-democratic" lectures. P o li c e
guarded him when he left the cam-
pus.
The professor claimed he quit
the Nazi Party in 1943, and told
his class that he thought it was
time every former Nazi should ad-
mit his past. The 150 students ap-
plauded his admission.
Borodajkewicz, professor of in-
ternational trade, made the state-
ment after press reports were pub-
lished that he was still spreading

VIENNA (JTA) — The Austrian
Jewish community, joined by the
Austrian Resistance Movement and
Catholic and Socialist organiza-
tions requested the government
here to immediately order the dis-
charge of Prof. Taras Borodajke-
wicz, a history teacher at the Uni-
versity of Vienna, who had admit-
ted in one of his classes that he
had been a member . of the SS,
the Hitlerite elite unit, during
World War II.
Minister of the Interior Czettel
ordered an investigation to deter-
mine whether the professor is en-
gaged in neo-Nazi activity. Last
weekend, students demonstrated
against Prof. Borodajkewicz in

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