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May 08, 1964 - Image 26

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-05-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Heaviest Penalty-22 Terms of Life—
Imposed on War Criminal at Bochum

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BO-CHUM—The heaviest penalty
yet imposed on Nazi war criminals
— 22 terms to life in prison—
was fixed for Herman Blache, 63-
year-old former Gestapo chief of
a Polish ghetto.
He was convicted of shooting
down 22 Jews in the Tarnow ghet-
to. The life terms, one for each
murder, run concurrently. Blache
was given addition six years for
complicity in the massacre of an
additional 4,000 Tarnow Jews.
Another unique aspect of the
trial was a statement by presiding
Judge Wilhelm Aufderheide to the
effect that before the three-week
trial began he was one of the many
Germans who wished to forget the
Nazi past, but after studying the
documents and history of the trial,
had changed his mind. He now felt
such trials were "vitally neces-
sary."
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard ap-
pearing before West Berlin School-
children's Parliament, was asked
whether it was necessary to try
war criminals 20 years after the
event. •
He replied that he considered
the trials necessary despite a "re-
grettable delay" which he said was
partly due to West Germany's
federal system and the difficulty
of getting reliable evidence.
At . Frankfurt, two of Adolf
Eichmann's principal aides in
the deportation of 450,000 Hun-
•garian Jews told the court try-
ing them for mass murder that
they had neither hurt nor rob-
bed any of the Jews in their
charge.
- The defendants are former SS
Lt. Col. Herman Krumey and form-
er Col. Otto Hunsche, who was
Eichmann's legal expert:
Weeping with pity for himself,
Krumey said, "I never hurt a
single soul. I never knew that de-
porting Jews meant their destruc-
tion. When Eichmann gave me to
understand. they were massacred,
I didn't know whether he was
bluffing or not."
He also testified that Eichmann
"-told me I was doing badly with
the Jews in Hungary, so I was
sent to Vienna where I supervised
the - forced labor of Jews in Aus-
tria': I don't feel guilty. I never
took -part in the destruction of
Jews."
Hunsche told the court he was
"just a religious law student" and
that he had been depressed when
he failed in an examination for a
judgeship. He then received an
offer from Gestapo Chief Heinrich
Himmler to join the Gestapo.
Both defendents denied robbing
Jews. They are charged in addi-
tion to deportations of Jews to
their deaths with extracting huge
ransoms from desperate victims.
However, under cross-examination.
Hunche admitted "picking up a
suitcase full of money."
Dr. Czeslao Glowacki, a War-
saw gynecologist who spent four
years at Auschwitz as a corpse
bearer, insisted on calling some
of the 22 defendants in the cur-
rent trial of Auschwitz-Birkenau
personnel "murderers," even

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after he had been warned by
the court that he must not con-
vict them before their trial is
over.
The physician took the stand
for the third successive session,
describing the horrors of the
death camp. The defendants have
been on trial since December, ac-
cused of murder or complicity in
the killing of several million Au-
schwitz inmates, mostly Jews.
Dr. Glowacki was submitted to
more than four hours fo cross-
examination by one of the chief
defense attorneys, Dr. Hans Lat-
ernser.
When he referred to the de-
fendants as murderers, Presiding
Justice Hans Hoffmeyer, told him
to avoid using that term. "When
I have seen someone committing
murder with my own eyes," the
witness retorted, "then he is a
murderer as far as I am concern-
ed."

* * *

German Prosecutor
Opposes Extension of
Statute of Limitations

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BONN—Erwin Schule, the West
German prosecutor heading Nazi
war crimes investigations, said
Tuesday he was opposed to ex-
tending the West German statute
of limitations covering such crimes.
Schule, who heads the central
office for the investigation of Nazi
crimes, said a special law would
be needed, a method with which
"the Nazis operated" and which
would be wrong for that reason.
Under the present law, Nazi
crimes other than murder cannot
be prosecuted after May 8, 1965,
which will be the 20th anniversary
of the capitulation of the Nazi re-
gime in World War II. The law
applies for 30 years for murder
cases.
(An appeal to Jews throughout
the world to join in an interna-
tional effort to persuade West Ger-
many to extend the statute of limi-
tations has been issued by the
Jewish Cultural and Social Asso-
ciation in Poland, it was. reported
from Warsaw.
(The association pointed out in
its appeal that the Polish 'govern-
ment has declared the statute does
not apply to Nazi war crimes and.
acts of genocide. The association
also urged all Jewish organizations
and individual Jews to help bring
to book Nazi war criminals who
have succeeded in escaping trial
until now.) -
* *

Book Lists Names

of 2,500 Physicians
Murdered in Poland

NEW YORK (JTA) — A book
listing the names. biographies and
places of death of 2,500 Jewish
physicians murdered in Poland by
the Nazis was published here by
the Medical Alliance, Association
of Jewish Physicians from Poland.
"The Martyrdom of Jewish Phy-
sicians in Poland." is edited by
Louis Faistein as a documentary
of "the Nazi criminal attempt to
destroy two generations of Jewish
' doctors in Poland and to eradicate
them from the memory of all
future generations."
It also contains a history of
Jewish physicians and medical in-
stitutions in Poland from the 15th
Century to the Nazi destruction
and data on the heroic efforts of
the Jewish doctors under Nazi
rule. It carries studies by Dr. Leo-
pold Lazarowitz, Dr. Simon Malo-
wist. Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum and
Dr. Leon Willman.

Australian Jewry
. The Jewish Community of Aus-
tralia, which dates back to the
early part of the '19th century,
today numbers some 70.000 per-
sons, most of whom live in Mel-
bourne or Sydney.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, May 8, 1964

26

Nazi Zech-Neuntwich Is in Cairo;
Egypt Extradition Okay Doubted

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BONN—The West German Gov-
ernment asked the Government of
Egypt Wednesday for the extradi-
tion of Hans Walter Zech Nennt-
wich, who escaped from a Bruns-
wick Maximum Security Prison on
April 23 after being convicted in
a war crimes trial.
There is no extradition treaty
between the two countries, and it
appeared unlikely that the Gov-
ernment of Egypt, a haven for
former Nazis, would comply. The
West Geriman government acted
after it was learned that the form-
er SS cavalry colonel has turned
up in Cairo.

A spokesman for the justice
ministry of Lower Saxony said a
warrant for the fugitive's arrest
was en route to Cairo.

The former Nazi escaped four
days after he was sentenced to
four years in prison for compli-
city in the murder of 5,200 Jews
in the Nazi-held Pinsk Ghetto. A
warden at the Brunswick prison
has been arrested in the case.

Der Stern, a West German
magazine, reported that two of its
reporters recognized the former
SS officer as he emerged from a
Cairo hotel Sunday.

recording of an interview the Nazi
gave the reporters, he said his
escape had been arranged by an
organization of former Nazi offi-
cers and that other convicted
Nazis would be helped to escape.
He was quoted as saying "I
could have left my cell at any tirne_/
I wanted even in evening dr('
You see that others also will
appear." Der Stern said that its
reporters traced the Nazi through
Greece and Lebanon. He fled from
West Germany in a private plane
that landed him in Basel, Switzer-
land.

Der Stern said that in a tape

Israel high Court Acquits Conductor

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Hirsch Bar-
enblatt, the former Israeli opera
-conductor who was sentenced to
f iv e years' imprisonment on
charges of collaborating with the
Nazis as chief Jewish officer in
the wartime Bendin Ghetto in
Poland, was acquitted by the Israel
Supreme Court.
The musician had served three

months of the five-year term. He
said, after being freed, that he
was happy not for himself but for
the Judenrat, the Jewish council
set up by the Nazis in Bendin. The
issue of whether the Judenrat was
an organization hostile to Jews
was the principal point in the ap-
peal heard by the Supreme Court.

Labor Situation Troubled in Israel;
Tax, Post Officials Take Strike Action

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to the Jewish News)

TEL AVIV — Israel's troubled
labor situation worsened Tuesday
when tax department officials be-
gan a "go slow" strike over issues
of -grading joining postal officials
who have been engaged in a simi-
lar action for three days.
The technical staff of the posts
and telegraph offices staged a two-
hour work stoppage cutting Israel
off from communications with the
rest of the world and silencing the
Kol Israel broadcasting station.
Pinhas Sapir, trade and com-
merce minister, indicated he
was considering bringing before
the next cabinet meeting the
question of the deterioration of
labor relations in the civil serv-
ice.
A teachers strike meanwhile was
averted for another two weeks to
provide more time for settling
teacher demands.
Some 1,500 nurses of the Kupat
Holim sick fund of the Histadrut,
Israel's labor federation, went out

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Pioneer Opthalmologist
Adolf Szili, a 19th century
Hungarian Jewish scientist, was a
pioneer in the field of opthal-
mology. His major contribution
was on the morpholgy of the optic
nerve.

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