NEW YORK, (JTA) — Rolf
Hochhut, author of "The Dep-
uty," the play which contends
that the late Pope Pius XII
failed to take a public stand on
the Nazi slaughter of European
Jewry. was criticized and de-
,fended by Catholic scholars.
In separate views in two Cath-
olic periodicals, the West Ger-
man playwright was assailed as
anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic
and, on the other hand, as hav-
ing stated "a generally valid"
thesis in his play.
Dr. Edgar Alexander, sociol-
ogist and author of the forth-
coming study, "Hitler and the
Pope." assailed Hochhut in an
article in the current edition of
"America," the Jesuit weekly.
Dr. Gordon Zahn, professor of
sociology at Loyola University
and author of "German Cath-
olics and Hitler's Wars," pub-
lished in 1962, came to the play-
wright's defense in an article
in "The Critic." This is a per-
iodical sponsored by the Thomas
More Association, a Catholic lay
Dr. Alexander charged the
playwright edited, in 1959, a
new edition "of the anti-
S e m i t i c and anti-Catholic
writings and drawings" of the
satirist Wilhelm Busch, who
died in 1908. That was the
year, according to Dr. Alexan-
der, in which the playwright
started his research for "The
Dr. Alexander wrote that
Hochhut included, with approval,
in the new edition of Busch's
works many anti-Semitic pass-
ages. He cited one which read:
"And the Jew with crooked
heel/ Crooked nose and crooked
legs/ Fully corrupted and devoid
of soul/ Wriggles his way to
the Stock Exchange."
Dr. Alexander's conclusion
was that "the editor of the
Busch writings" had clearly
demonstrated "that Nazi hatred
of Jews, of Jesuits, of the Vati-
can and Catholicism, which he
must have absorbed in his cub
days in Hitler's youth organiza-
tion, has obviously stunted his
growth toward intellectual,
moral and political maturity."
Dr. Zahn wrote that "the
overriding historical fact can-
not be denied and should not
be ignored" was that "the
leading spokesmen of the
Catholic church, in Germany
and in Rome, permitted them-
selves to be maneuvered into
a position where the Church
could become a silent witness
Dr. Zahn declared that the
playwright's "most serious er-
ror" in his play was in placing
all the blame for the "failure"
of the Catholic Church in not
issuing a public protest against
the Nazi murder factories. per-
sonally on the - late Pontiff. Dr.
Zahn also asserted that the play-
wright failed to give sufficient
consideration to the possibility
that a public condemnation by
Pope Pius might have brought
persecution of Catholics in Nazi-
occupied countries as a "final
act of paranoid retaliation" by
However, Dr. Zahn concluded,
after making allowance for these
considerations, t h e principal
foundations on which the play-
wright's thesis rests "are estab-
lished." He said these theses
were: first, "Pius XII did not
issue a public protest against the
murder factories" and second,
"he did know of their existence
and had, in fact, been the object
of repeated appeals that he
make such a protest." Dr. Zahn
added that he agreed with the
playwright that the Pope should
LONDON, (JTA) — Sharp
criticism of the late Pope Pius
was leveled here by Rabbi
of truth which everyone should anyway," the paper points out.
hear. If the theater which bears
my name becomes available, I Canada-Israel Firm
shall be glad to have "The
Deputy" play there." He said Declares Dividend
MONTREAL, (JTA ) —C an ad a-
that Shumlin planned to stage
as well as to produce "The Israel Development, Ltd., has de-
clared an interim dividend of
Deputy" in New York.
$20 per unit, it was announced
ROME, (JTA) — The official here by Samuel Bronfman, presi-
Vatican organ Osservatore Ro- dent of the corporation, who was
mano took issue with assertions re-elected for a second term by
made in the controversial play the firm's general meeting.
During the last year, Bronf-
"The Deputy" in which the late
a n reported, Canada - Israel
Pope Pius XII is charged with
shares issued and fully paid-up
failing to protest publicly
against Hitler's mass annihila- increased from $863,500 to $1,-
499,300. He reported that the
tion of the Jews in Europe.
company has diversified its port-
The paper quoted the late
and that "all the invest-
Pope as having stated: "There
ments made had shown consider-
was no effort which we did not
able growth, and could be real-
undertake, not a possibility
ized as substantial capital gains."
which we omitted, in order that The firm, he said, is now con-
populations should not be de- sidering "a number of attractive
ported or exiled. And when hard proposals connected wtih the
facts came to delude our most long-term development of the
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threw everything in action to
lessen the sufferings."
The Pontiff was also quoted as
having described the actions of
the Nazis as "atrocious." He also
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Joseph Litvin, one-time profes-
sor of history at the University
of Moscow, a prominent British
Zionist who is now editor of the
He made his criticism in a
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Asserting that Hitler and the
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countries, Rabbi Litvin stated:
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Roman Catholics in Hitler's
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Greater Germany. How can one
Billy Rose Withdraws as Producer
of 'Deputy' Play Critical of Pope
NEW YORK (JTA)—Billy protested against the breach by
Rose. the producer, said this Hitler of the neutrality of Bel-
weekend he had relinquished gium, Holland and Luxembourg,
the producing rights to "The the Vatican paper pointed out.
Deputy," the controversial play Charging Rolf Hochhuth, the
by German playwright Rolf German author of "The Deputy,"
Hochhut about the late Pope with having no access to the
Pius XII and the Nazi slaughter sources he quoted in his play
of European Jewry. against Pope Pius XII, the
He said Herman Shumlin had Osservatore Romano asked why
taken over the rights to The the publi c, and even many
Deputy which charges that the critics, have accepted his allega-
late Pontiff failed to protest tions as "historic truth." The
publicly about the Nazi annihila- Vatican paper stressed that
tion of Jews. Previously, Rose Hochhuth's criticism of the late
had announced plans to stage Pope for not denouncing the
the play in New York City this concordat between the Vatican
and Hitler is based on the "false
In declaring now that he and uninformed supposition that
would not be the producer, Rose a concordat means the support
stressed that "The Deputy" still of the regime with which it was
had his "blessing." He said the concluded. The Catholic Church
play "gives voice to a moment was persecuted in Nazi Germany
doubt that, had Pope Pius diction, a million Jews would
threatened Germany with inter- !have been saved?"
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7-THE D ETROIT JEWISH NE WS—Friday, October 11, 1 963
Catholic Experts Differ on 'Deputy;I Rabbi Criticizes
Playwright Attacked and Defended Pope Pius XII for
Silence on Genocide