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September 20, 1963 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-09-20

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Friday, Sept. 20, 1963 -- THE D ETROIT JEWISH NEW S — 2

Purely Commentary

Polish Sanctimony

Israel Receives
Holiday Greetings
from East Europe

Enigmatic Polish Rem- By Philip
iniscences . . . Tragedy
Lurks on Anniversary 310MOVitZ

Would that all the claims of justice by Poles were true!
Now it is a bit too late even to fight for such a treasured goal:
there are too few Jews left to crave for it, and too many of them
are, indeed, so "completely adapted" to the scheme of things in
that country—along Communist lines—that all we can do is weep
for the past!

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — Chief Rabbi
Yitzhak Nissim's office reported
Tuesday the arrival of Rosh
Hashanah greetings from Jewish
communities of Poland, Ru-
mania and Yugoslavia, extend-
ing wishes for Israel's well-being
and for world peace.
As Israeli Jews prepared for
the High Holy Days, the Egged
Transport Company mobilized
settle their diverse differences . . . in the cause of shalom."
1,500 buses to transport an esti-
What a lofty aspiration—in the name of the Almighty, in mated 1,250,000 people over the
holidays. The railways also made
the manner of his own faith, and in the cause of peace!
It was a heartening sentiment, especially since it came from special arrangements to meet the
the representative of a country that often leans in Nasser's anticipated rush of traffic.
Except for a shortage of eggs,
direction.
Unfortunately, as the warning went in prophecy, we speak Israel's food shops were well
of peace and there is no peace. Instead, there are endless war stocked and shoppers found
threats. In such an atmosphere, the Ghanaian plea for shalom commodities plentiful and rea-
sonably priced.
is even more earnestly welcomed.

The anniversary of the German attack on Poland—September 1
—was the occasion for expressions of sympathy by Polish official-
dom to the Jewish community for the losses that were suffered by
Jewry. It was utilized to recall the heroism of the Jews during the
revolt in the Warsaw Ghetto.
*
*
The current issue of the illustrated magazine Poland, in its 'In the Name of Allah ... In the Cause of Shalom'
English edition, published in Warsaw, explained the contents of
During the debate at the UN Security Council over the
the issue as follows:
Syrian infiltrations into Israel and the murder of two Israelis,
In presenting our readers with a picture of the days when Ghana's Ambassador Alex Quaison-Sackey spoke, thus, for peace:
we paid homage to the heroism and the great cause of the War-
"In the name of Allah, let the two states come together and

saw Ghetto uprising, we want, at the same time, to take a stand
on a problem that is an incessant subject of discussion: the
truth about the days of the Ghetto. Truth is a concept which is
closely and inherently linked with the problem of justice. The
recent Eichmann trial revealed most forcefully that truth con-
tinues to be an ever-present necessity. Not in order to foment
hatred and resentment, but on the contrary: to diffuse humanism
and tolerance; to understand the utterly inhuman aspect of
genocide. The demand for justice for the victims and their
hangmen never had nor has its source in hatred, as suggested
by some people directly interested in effacing the traces of
truth. The meting out of justice is closely connected with the
evaluation of the social and moral activity and deeds of human
beings, and its purpose is above all of an educational and pro-
phylactic nature. We want to make the present-day community
sensitive to phenomena and actions which lay at the roots of
the tragedy of the Warsaw Ghetto: to racism, anti-Semitism,
intolerance and militarism. And we are fully entitled to do so.
Not only because the fighters and inhabitants of the Ghetto were
Polish citizens and their tragedy and struggle a noble and tragic
page of our national tragedy and struggle. But, above all, be-
cause at a time when many influential and important people in
the West kept silent and did not believe—we spread the truth
about the magnitude of Nazi genocide and gave the ideological
and practical reasons for the criminal action; we hastened to
help the victims as much as that was possible; we died at the
Ghetto walls We hid and preserved some 30,000 of the ghetto
inmates, paying for this often with the lives of our nearest and
dearest as well. Today we demand consistently, again and again,
full justice. And, finally, in the works of our historians, writers
and artists we have given a complete and detailed picture of this
tragedy which befell mankind- as a whole. At the source of the
spiritual inspiration of their creative work lie the same injunc-
tions which mankind has to save and preserve if it wants to
endure. Let us then heed their voices.

Communal Leader
Deplores Globke's
Visit in Italy

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

ROME — Dr. Sergio Piperno,
president of the Union of Italian
Jewish Communities, deplored
Tuesday the fact that West Ger-
man Chancellor Konrad Ade-
nauer who arrived here Monday
for consultations with Italian of-
ficials was accompanied by Dr.
Hans Globke, his state secretary.
Piperno, in a statement to the
press, said that Globke had been
accused of collaboration with
Nazism, particularly in writing
a commentary on the Nazi
Nuremberg Racial Laws. Assert-
Granted that 30,000 Polish Jews were saved. Let us admit ing that the results of a West
government inquiry into
that there was such a warm response to the heroism of the Jews German
the charges had never been
and that their Polish "fellow citizens" were cooperative in the published and that the charges
revolt against Nazism by Jews who fought their last battle. Yet,
on the record, there is proof that there was much collaboration had not been denied, the Italian
with the Nazis against the Jews by Poles and that many more Jewish leader conceded that the
could have been saved with proper aid from Christians during the Adenauer government was try-
ing to repair the "material dam-
Warsaw Ghetto Revolt.
In the magazine Poland for September there appear many ages" created by the Nazi
articles friendly to Jews. Prof. Konstanty Grzybowski of the Cracow regime.
However, he added, punish-
Jagiellonian University, writing on the subject "Jews and the
Fight for Poland's Independence," makes some very interesting ment of Nazi collaborators or at
observations which also contain some revealing facts. His articles least their elimination from high
and influential public offices
states in part:
was still more important.

It is the duty of the historian to make a full record of the
participation of the Jews in the Polish insurrection, for the part
played by them is tangible proof that the integration of Jews
had made considerable progress. The process of integration
continued, although a different trend made its appearance in
the 1880's. Anti-Semitism, which originated in Prussia, in the
German provinces of Austria and in Russia—but not in Poland—
won supporters in Poland too. Zionism, which began to gain
ground among the Polish Jews, was probably a reaction and an
incentive to anti-Semitism. The Polish state, reborn in 1918
(with the active participation of Jews, some holding very
important positions), could not find a solution to the problem
of a group of the population which, though different, yet was
bound by close historical ties with Polish society, which though
different was so scattered that it was impossible to solve the
issue by establishing some form of autonomy, for a large
number of persons of Jewish extraction had became completely
adapted to the Polish society. Although a solution for the Jewish
population of Poland was not found, yet all proposals derived
from the principle of racial discrimination were rejected. The
one and only draft providing that the Jewish group be designated
as 'alien' was proposed in the Polish Seym in 1938 but it never
became a bill because it was not endorsed by a sufficient number
of signatures (a fact that bears out the weakness of this trend
in Poland).

"Consequently the crime perpetrated by the Nazis against
the Jewish population in Poland, was a crime against a com-
ponent part of the Polish population, a group that had been for
centuries integrated with Polish society. It was tantamount to
the annihilation of a group whose contribution to Polish culture
far surpassed their numerical strength."

The assertion that "Zionism was an incentive to anti-Semitism"
smacks of a party prejudice. Traditionally, Poland was to have
been friendly to Zionism because it enabled Jews the country
didn't particularly cherish as citizens to find homes in a Jewish
environment. At this time, when Poland and Israel have an inter-
change of diplomatic relations, with a record of hundreds of
thousands of Polish Jews having escaped death through flight
to Israel, it is puzzling to read the distinguished professor's
reference to the great Jewish freedom movement.
Then there is the reference to the attempts to stamp Jews
in Poland as "aliens." That seemed for many years to be a
policy, written or unwritten, in Poland.
Prof. Grzybowski also seems to overlook the fact that after
the first world war there was a series of pogroms during which
Jewish communities were destroyed and Jews expatriated.
Furthermore—isn't it a fact that even now anti-Semitic
remarks are heard in Poland, and very often Poles will comment
that Hitler hasn't completed his job? There are less than 30,000
Jews in Poland, yet, as Jews, they are not the equals the professor
would lead us to believe.

Moroccan Extremists
Urge Immediate
War Against Israel

001111..1-0•11.

011111•04•11•0

FO.M.M.C.• ■ .11111111.01111111.0M.P0 ■ 041•11, 0■111

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
... and Me'

(Copyright, 1963,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

Geneva Impressions

Geneva is now becoming the most important link between
American Jewry, Israel and the European Jewish communities
. . . Although there are no more than about 20,000 Jews residing
in all of Switzerland — and only a small portion of them in
Geneva — all major world Jewish organizations maintain their
European headquarters here now . . . Here you can find the
overseas headquarters of the Joint Distribution Committee; the
world headquarters of ORT which does a marvelous job in many
countries the world over, including Israel, in vocational training;
European headquarters of United Hias from where emigration
is directed from European lands to various countries outside
of Israel; Jewish Agency maintains here its central clearing
quarters for financing emigration from Europe and North Africa
to Israel; World Jewish Congress keeps a watchful eye from its
headquarters here on developments affecting Jewish life in
various European countries . . . Israeli banking institutions
conduct from here activities in various European countries and
maintain large offices in the very center of Geneva . . . Here
is the seat of the Standing Conference of European Jewish com-
munities which is the central body of European Jewry free
European countries coordinating communal activities.

*

*

Arab Israel Link

-

As hub of international developments, Geneva is now also
a world center where one can see Arab notables and diplomats
sitting leisurely side by side with Israelis in restaurants, cafe-
houses and in hotel lobbies . . . Members of the Royal Family of
Saudi Arabia, including the King himself, are frequent visitors
in Geneva, as is the Sheik of Kuwait and other Arab dignitaries
. . . They all stay at the modern Hotel du Rhone, where American
Jews and Israelis are welcomed guests . . . Sometimes they appear
in the lobby of the hotel in their Arab garb, but more often they
are dressed in European civilian suits . . . Only the top members
of the royal household stick to their Arab robes and headgear
and for them a row of cadillacs is always waiting in front of the
hotel .. . They appear in the lobby escorted by bodyguards and
never mingle with other guests, Jewish or non-Jewish . . . How-
ever, other members of their entourage prefer to spend their
free hours on the sunny terrace of the hotel sipping coffee,
coca cola and other non-alcoholic beverages . . . Next to their
tables one can hear conversations in fluent Hebrew by Israelis
who are similarly enjoying the Alpine sun . . . To emphasize their
Arab nationality, the Arabs usually read at the terrace Arab
newspapers sent to them by airmail from their native lands .. .
They show no sign of disturbance over the fact that they are
under the same roof with Israelis and practically rub shoulders
with them . .. Nor are the Israelis annoyed by the presence of
the Arabs next to their tables at the restaurant of the hotel and
in the cafe house . . . Switzerland is a free country and every-
body, irrespective of his nationality, is welcomed any hotel here
. . . Even at the headquarters of the United Nations here — the
former headquarters of the League of Nations — one does not
feel the spirit of animosity between 'Arab and Israeli which is
usually felt at the United Nations headquarters in New York .. .
One gains the impression that if Arab-Israeli peace talks will
ever take place, they will probably be initiated in Geneva . .
Here the atmosphere is conducive to such talks much more than
in New York or in any other city in the world.

CASABLANCA (JTA) —The
newspaper, Al Alam, organ of
the Istiqlal opposition party,
appeared with a front-page arti-
cle appealing to all Arab states
to unite in undertaking immedi-
ate warfare against Israel.
The paper said that an Arab
war against Israel was impor-
tant now because time was
working in favor of Israel and
against the Arabs. Israel, the
paper declared, should not be
permitted to have time to de-
velop a generation imbued with
nationalism.
The newly formed Moroccan
Socialist Party, meanwhile, de-
manded that the government
take the severest measures
against the Zionist movement of
Morocco. The party called for
the indoctrination and reorien-
tation of Jewish youth to ensure
their usefulness for the benefit
of Morocco. The party urged
the government to control im-
mediately the public activities
of Jews and asked for the elim- Israelis in Switzerland
ination from the Moroccan ad-
Israelis can now be seen in Geneva everywhere . . Hebrew
ministration of Jews with Zion- can be heard at cafe places almost as much as English and Ger-
ist sympathies.
man . . . Switzerland is now the Mecca of Israeli tourists . .
The country is about three hours by El Al plane from Israel,
Berliner Sentenced
thus Israelis flock to Geneva and other Swiss cities for vacations
. . . They have no difficulties in securing a limited amount of
for Genocide Remark
BERLIN (JTA)—A 41 - year- foreign currency to visit any country . . . But Switzerland is
old West Berlin businessman, their first choice in seeing the world abroad . . , Especially this
Hermann Henke, was fined 300 time of the year . . . Many Israelis even have accounts in Swiss
Deutschmarks ($75) and was banks . . . They are former Nazi victims who receive compensa-
given a four month suspended tion from the German Government in monthly remittances .. .
sentence for making an anti- Some of these remittances are being sent to them from Bonn to
Semitic comment. Henke was Israel, but others are sent to accounts opened by the recipients
re-
found guilty of remarking to a in Swiss banks . .. Remittances sent to Israel are also party
nurse employed by a Jewish leased in foreign currency to the owners when they wish to go
family in West Berlin: "It is a for a visit abroad . Thus, in making their first stop in Switzer-
pity there was not enough gas land, they are also able to check their accounts, in addition to
enjoying the Swiss atmosphere.
to kill all the Jews."

.

-

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