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August 16, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-08-16

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Cyprus Adopts 'Absolute Neutrality' Between Israel, Arabs

NICOSIA, (JTA) — The Director General of the Cyprus Foreign Ministry, Costas Assiotis, said here that his country was following

a policy of "absolute neutrality" in its relations with Israel and the Arab states. Addressing the members of a diplomatic seminar here con-

ducted by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Assiotis described his country's relations with Israel and the Arab nations as

"a delicate problem." Cyprus, he declared, "extends its hand to both parties, and gives the two sides equal opportunity to establish cultural,

economic and other relations with Cyprus.

Jewish
Role in

HE JEWISH NEWS

Civil Rights
Struggle

Israel's
Role in
Nuclear
Test Ban
Editorials
Page 4

•;:) i --r- R cl• -r

A Weekly Review

;vs • 1-1

Zionism
Misunderstood

Why Not
Investigate
Arabs and
AFME?

N4

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. XLI I I, No. 25

Printed in a
100% Union Shop

17100 W.

7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit

35, Aug. 16, 1963

Commentary
Page 2

$6.00 Per Year; Single Copy 20c

`Think Twice Before Attacking,'
Eshkol Replies to Nasser Threat

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

Peking's First Note to Israel Asks
Destruction of Nuclear Weapons

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister Levi Eshkol conferred Tuesday with
Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, on a reply to an official
communication from Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai inviting Israel to
support the Communist Chinese program for the destruction of all nuclear
weapons.
The proposal also called for creation of nuclear-free regions and
was similar to notes sent to all heads of government soon after the
American-British-Russian nuclear test ban treaty was signed in Moscow
last week. The note was believed the first sent by the Peking government
to Israel.
The Chinese note suggested several intermediate stages for the
dismantling of foreign military bases and for the ending of all nuclear
weapons production.
The pending reply by Premier Eshkol to President Kennedy's latest
letter was reported to have been discussed at Cabinet meeting Sunday
which was attended by Israeli envoys to three key western posts.
The exchange began when David Ben-Gurion was Prime Minister and
the Kennedy communications originally were addressed with Israel's
concern over its security situation. The envoys attending the session
were Avraham Harman, Ambassador to the United States; Michael
Comay, permanent head of the Israeli delegation to the United Nations;
and Yaacov Herzog, the outgoing envoy to Canada.
Gen. Zvi Tsur, chief of staff of Israel's armed forces, reviewed for
the Cabinet the situation on the Syrian frontier. He cited a rapidly
deteriorating situation resulting from Syrian shooting last Friday on a
tractor in the demilitarized zone southeast of Lake Tiberias, the third
successive day of shooting, and the eighth incident in the past three
weeks.
Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, reported on efforts to
obtain the release of three Israelis abducted last month by Syrians when
their motorboat was seized on Lake Tiberias. The Israeli Cabinet decided
on what action to take in the event the Israelis are not released by the
weekend, but the nature of the planned action was not disclosed.
Premier Eshkol received Gen. Odd Bull, chief of staff of the United
Nations Truce Supervisory Organization, to whom he expressed concern
over the repeated Syrian aggressions. The Premier also said that Israel
viewed with gravity the continued detention of the three abducted
Israelis, and asked Gen. Bull's intervention to obtain their release.

TEL AVIV — Premier Levi Eshkol issued a stiff warning Monday
night to Syrian and Egyptian leaders "to think twice before uttering threats
against Israel."
The warning was the second by the Prime Minister in 24 hours
following a threat bby President Nasser of Egypt that the time had come
to "wipe out the stain" of Egypt's defeat by Israel in 1948.
The second warning was contained in an address to reserve and
regular paratroop officers of Paratroop Day. The Premier made it plain
that while Israel did not desire bloodshed, "our neighbors in the north
should entertain no hopes that Israel will remain quiet in the face of their
aggressions only because Israel does not hurry in its reactions."
He emphasized that paratroopers, as well as other units of the army,
would be sent to the borders "and our enemies should not think we will
remain with hands folded eternally in the face of provocations." Events
for the special day included a parachute drop on the Tel Aviv seashore and
a parade in Ramat Gan near Tel Aviv.
In his first warning, the Prime Minister addressed himself to the
Egyptian president, urging Nasser to be careful in any moves because
"Israel is not unprepared."
The Prime Minister, speaking at a Mapai municipal gathering, said
that Nasser had shown "his true face" in making bellicose speeches against
Israel. Until recently, the Premier added, Nasser had been talking about
peace.
"We must continuously strengthen Israel in the face of the declared
danger from Egypt," Eshkol said, adding that he had no intention of compet-
ing with the Egyptian leader in speech-making. He then quoted King Ahad's
answer to the Syrian King Ben-Hadad from I Kings: "Let him who girds
himself for war not boast as he who ungirds himself" after victory.
Syrians Shoot at Israelis 3rd Successive Day; UN Probes Attacks
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Syrian shooting at land workers in the demili-
tarized zone southeast of Lake Tiberias continued on Aug. 8 for the third
day in a row.
The target of firing was a tractor working on lands belonging to
the Haon settlement. The fire was not returned, and no casualties were
reported. During the two hours of shooting, a dry field was set afire but
did not spread because of a favorable wind.
Israel lodged complaints with the United Nations Truce Supervision
Organization, and Israeli-Syrian Mixed Armistice Commission started
probing the attacks.

Rare Israel High Court Ruling Surrenders
Custody of Twins to South African Husband

JERUSALEM —

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

The Supreme Court, in a rare example of an Israeli court permitting
children to be sent abroad in a custody dispute, ordered an Israeli mother Monday to sur-
render custody of her twins to her husband in South Africa.
The 34-year-old mother of the 8 1/2-year-old twins was the widow of an army officer
by whom she had had a daughter when she met and married her second husband in Israel.
He took the family to South Africa where the twins were born. During the rioting
two and a half years ago, the couple decided it would be safer for the wife and children to
be in Israel.
Subsequently, the husband learned that his wife was living with another man, a
widower and father of a boy. The husband obtained a South African court order for the
custody of the twins.
The Israeli Supreme Court, in handing down its judgment was highly critical of the
mother. It found that the twins had received devoted care from the mother in the home of
her lover for the past two years, but declared that the "mixed household set-up" was a bad
example for the twins and that it estranged them from their father. All names were with-
held.
Stating that the prime consideration was the welfare of the children, the Supreme
Court held that the mother's love had not been enough to prevent the mother from knowingly
depriving the children of the sense of security that only a harmonious family can give. The
decision took note of the father's declaration that he was prepared to provide a round trip
ticket annually for the mother and daughter to visit the twins in South Africa.

Jewish Groups to Take Part
in Civil Rights March Aug. 28

WASHINGTON, D.C. (JTA) — . With the active
support of Jewish organizations, Jews are expected
to swell the ranks of participants in the March on
Washington on Aug. 28 in support of civil rights
legislation.
Spokesmen for several national Jewish organiza-
tions said that they had issued appeals to members
to join in the march, but only one had a specific
figure. A spokesman for the American Jewish Con-
gress said that about 1,000 members were expected
to march as a unit in the Aug. 28 action.
Dr. Joachim Prinz, president of the American
Congress, is a member of the general coordinating
committee for the march. The New England region
of the Congress announced it was raising funds to
sponsor a 40-passenger bus from Boston to Washing-
ton for the AJC march participants.
Other organizations known to have arranged or
encouraged members to converge on the nation's
capital are the Union of American Hebrew Congrega-
tions, Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations,
United Synagogue of America, Synagogue Council
of America, Jewish War Veterans of America, and
local Jewish Community Councils of many cities,
including Detroit.

(Continued on Page 5)

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