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July 26, 1963 - Image 23

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-07-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

-

Michael Foot has written one
of the great biographies of our
time. His "Aneurin Bevan," pub-
lished by Atheneum (16'2 E. 38th,
NY16), is a most impressive
character study and is, at the
same time, a history of the labor
movement in England and a
valuable commentary on the
events that transpired in the
last half century.
The present volume is the first
of two and covers the years
1897-1945. The balance of
Bevan's life and activities, 1945-
1960, should complete the ac-
count of dramatic events that
have influenced not only British
but world events as well.
This biography lends itself as
a textbook for the study of
labor's problems and its leaders.
There are so many significant
events covered in it that a mere
review could not suffice to de-
scribe the enormity of research
that went into its making.
England's most distinguished
leaders pass in review in the
Bevan story. Lloyd George,
Churchill, Harold Laski, Sir
Herbert Samuel and scores of
others are part of this pano-
ramic account.
Quoting from A. J. P. Taylor's
"The Troublemakers," Foot re-
fers to the Commons debate,
Nov. 28, 1934, during which
Bevan "delivered a strong at-
tack on Lloyd George, who had
spoken almost as an apologist
for Hitler. He denied Lloyd
George's view that 'the reason
why the present regime was
established in Germany is be-
cause the disarmament pledge
in the Peace Treaty had not
been fulfilled. This is an utterly
superficial judgment.' He con-
tinued: 'For practically 14 years
the German national eagle did
not feel itself outraged by either
the War Guilt Clause or the sub-
ordinate status to which it was
reduced by the Peace Treaty.
These became flags which the
Nazis waved for their own propa-
ganda when the economic situa-
tion presented them with their
opportunity'."
A footnote in which these
statements are quoted continues.
"Bevan, indeed, was never a
pro-German sentimentalist be-
fore the war any more than he
became an anti-German fanatic
in the years of German rearma-
ment after 1950—as his oppon-
ents in the Labor Party falsely
alleged. Usually, he swam against
the tides of pro- or anti-German
hysteria. He was anti-Hitler from

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the first day. He assailed Vansit-
tartism at the height of the war
and denounced the folly of un-
conditional surrender. He backed
the attempts to save Germany
from starvation after 1945 and
bitterly opposed •P the Anglo-
American policy of dismantling
German factories. Then, when
the dismantlers, the Vansittar-
tites, the Churchillites, the Bev-
inites and the Morrisonians
turned in unison to rearm their
old enemy, he opposed that too.
Germany, in his view, must be
allowed to live, but not to dic-
tate. It was the attitude of a
good Socialist and a good Euro-
pean."
Foot's biography describes
the left laborite Bevan's bat-
tles with Ernest Bevin, with
Churchill, with Chamberlain.
It is the story of an anti-
Fascist, of a close co-worker with
Laski, of an able leader who cap-
tured the imagination of his
constituents, of an orator who
fascinated his audiences, in spite
of his handicap as a stutterer.
There is an account in the
book of Mosley's early activities
in the labor movement before he
formed his own party.
We read of the manner in
which Bevan silenced Bevin.
Foot's biography of Bevan is an
account of the Left in the Labor
Party that "groped and stum-
bled," that faced crises, and
"Aneurin Bevan] - was one of the
few who s t a k e d and nearly
wrecked his whole political life
in the process.
There also is an expose of the
Churchill of pre-war days who
had even acclaimed Hitler. Foot
notes:
"Nothing, in Churchill's rec-
ord during those first years of
thirties marked him out as the
exponent of an older and more
honorable British tradition
which might set national in-
terests above those of class.
He was no Gladstone hurling
thunderbolts against the per-
petrators of the atrocities and
summoning the nation to a
great moral crusade. Churchill,
indeed, was the class warrior
par excellence . . . Had he not
extolled Mussolini as the
scourge of Bolshevism, ap-
proved Japan's 'civilizing mis-
sion' in Manchuria, hailed
Hitler as a German patriot and
even, in one admittedly iso-
lated moment of aberration,
applauded the spirit of Mos-
ley's blackshirts? . . . The
Churchill of 1934 was not the
man of 1940. He had made his
contribution to the crushing,
near-fatal impediment -of na-
tional division, myopia and in-
dustrial decay which Britain
bore, as she stumbled forward
towards the greatest war in
history."
In spite of the Bevan-Churchill
conflicts there also was a friend-
ship between them. There was
an admiration for Bevan and he
was the recognized leader who
rose to great heights.
Those who will read the first
of the two volumes of Foot's
biography will await with
anxiety the second section. It
will be interesting to know what
his reactions were in the Zionist
issue, how he reacted in the
Sinai Campaign when Eden was
ousted, what his sentiments
were towards Israel, the black-
shirts, the re-emerging neo-
Nazism. Meanwhile we know that
a very valuable biography throws
light on events in Britain and
the labor movement.

A Pioneer Zionist
Adolf Strauss, a 19th century
Hungarian diplomat and political
economist, was his country's
leading expert on the Balkans in
the years before the First World
War. It was during his extensive
travels in the Balkans and Pales-
tine that he became one of the
earliest exponents of Zionism.

and perhaps his most famous the secret and turned his back in partibus infidelium — that
successor in the field of ps y- on God. And you have your neu- then and there you should have
chiatry. rosis because the fear of God divested me of my paternal
Shortly before Dr. Jung died, has got into you.' That struck dignity . . ."
on June 6, 1961, he had com- her like a bolt of lightning."
Scores of episodes, anecdotes,
Then her life "took on a psychiatric experiences, fill this
pleted checking on the text of
meaning, and no trace of the important book. "Memories,
his biographical memoirs.
When Pantheon Books, pub- neurosis was left. In this case Dreams, Reflections" by C. G.
lishers, expressed the wish to I had applied no 'method,' but Jung, edited by Aniela Jaffe,
publish the noteworthy docu- had sensed the presence of the is a most significant addition
ment, one of Dr. Jung's most numen. My explaining this to to the literature dealing with
prominent associates, Dr. Jo- her had accomplished the cure. psychiatry.
lande Jacobi. urged that the bio- Method did not matter here;
graphical task should be en- what mattered was the 'fear of
FOR THE ULTIMATE
trusted to Dr. Aniela Jaffe, who God.' "
IN GOOD MUSIC
"The Jewish problem of the
had collaborated with Dr. Jung
on the text of his memoirs Messiah," the Jesus theme,
myths and realities and the de-
based on talks with him.
The result is the impressive velopment of what he termed
And His Orchestra
work, "Memoirs, Dreams, Re- "2,000 years of Christian civili-
DI 1-1609
flections," by C. G. Jung, rec- zation" are touched upon. It is
orded and edited by Aniela evident that the Book of Job
Jaffe, published by Pantheon and its theme had a great in-
PHOTOGRAPHY by
fluence upon him. Biblical tales,
(22 E. 51st, NY22).
BERNARD H.
This is a remarkably inter- including the story of Jacob,
esting story by a Christian who are alluded to.
He spoke interestingly in Ret-
loved and kept telling Jewish
in
and related the follow-
parables. It seems as if he had rospect
acquired that love for a good
KE 1-8196
story from Freud himself.
Bar Mitzvahs — Weddings
"When people say I am
wise, or a sage, I cannot ac-
"I hated going to church,"
cept it. A man once dipped
Dr. Jung said. "The one ex-
ception was Christmas Day.
a hatful of water from a
stream. What did that amount
The Christmas carol 'This is
and his
to? I am not that stream. I
the Day That God Has Made'
am at the stream, but I do
pleased me enormously . . .
ORCHESTRA
nothing. Other people are at
Christmas was the only Chris-
"Music As You Like It" elf:
HOME:
OFFICE:
the same stream, but most of
tian festival I could celebrate
LI 7-0896
LI 5-2737
them find they have to do
with fervor." When he after-
something with it. I do
wards expressed "Late
Thoughts," he said: "We
nothing. I never think that I
am the one who must see to
stand perplexed and stupe-
it that cherries grow on
fied before the phenomenon
stalks. I stand and behold,
of Nazism and Bolshevism be-
cause we know nothing about
admiring what nature can do.
man, or at any rate have only
"There is a fine old story
a lopsided and distorted pic-
about a student who came to
ture of him." Then he com-
a rabbi and said, 'In the olden
mented: "The Christian na-
days there were men who saw
tions have come to a sorry
the face of God. Why don't
pass; their Christianity slum-
they any more?' The rabbi
replied, 'Because nowadays
bers and has neglected to de-
velop its myth further in the
no one can stoop so low.'
course of the centuries."
"One must stoop a little in
Max Schrut
His religious thinking leads order to fetch water from the
For Good Photographs
stream."
him to state that "when people
and Prompt Service
are exhorted to obey God rath-
"Letters from Freud to Jung"
Coll me at
er than man, this is said just form an interesting addendum
casually and thoughtlessly. Ob- to this volume, and in the first
viously we do not know the one, written in Vienna, April
will of God at all. . . . The fear 16, 1909, we read:
Weddings - Bar Mitzvahs
of God was considered anti-
We Come to Your Home
". . . It is remarkable that
With Samples
quated, 'Jewish,' and long since on the same evening that I
TY
5-8805
UN 4-6845
superseded by the Christiain formally adopted you as an
message of God's love and good
ness. Yet he remained critical
and emphasized the failure of
Communion to affect him.
"Buy With Confidence."
Naturally, he discussed men-
tal illnesses, the hopeless and
the fatal, the shadows that were
cast over psychiatry which be-
Gemologists
Diamontologists
came his life's work. In his de-
17540 WYOMING
DI 1-1330
scription of his psychiatric ac-
"A
tivities he relates many of his
OPEN THURSDAY
FRIDAY TILL 9 P.M.
experiences with Freud. He
made this assertion:
"I never try to convert a
patient to anything, and never
ex e r c i s e any compulsions.
What matters most to me is
that the patient should reach
his own view of things. Un-
der my treatment a pagan be-
comes a pagan and a Chris-
tian a Christian, a Jew a Jew,
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according to what his destiny
Custom made and artistically designed . . .
prescribes for him."
• Wedding • Bar Mitzvah • Party Cakes
One case history recorded in
this fascinating book is about a
Jewish patient. Dr. Jung asked
her to tell about her grand-
LEMON FILLED CHIFFON CAKE
father who "had been a rabbi
and belonged to a Jewish sect,"
STRAWBERRY FILLED CHIFFON CAKE
as she revealed to him. He con-
tinued:
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dim? I asked. She said yes. I
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pursued my questioning. 'If he
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second sight. But that is all
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"With that I had concluded
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the history of her neurosis. I
explained to her, 'Now I am
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going to tell you something that
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Your grandfather was a zaddik.

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25

23 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS -- Friday, July 26, 1963

Foot's Biography of Bevan Reveals iflunvis Biography Edited hV Aniela Jaffe
Labor's Status in England, British Enriches Literature on Freud's Teachings
Carl Gustav Jung was Sieg Your father became an apostate eldest son, anointing you as my
Leaders' Early V iews on Hitlerism mund
Freud's favorite student to the Jewish faith. He betrayed successor and crown prince—

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