XLI I I, No. 21
NA I C I— II GA.N1
A Weekly Review
M. E. Position
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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Zionists Make Cultural Work
Major ZOA Objective in U.S.
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
U1 Council Resolves to Ban
All Forms of Intolerance
GENEVA, (JTA)—Two separate resolutions, one calling
for elimination of "all forms of religious intolerance" and the
other urging elimination of "all forms of racial discrimination"
were adopted unanimously, by the United Nations Economic
and Social Council, now in session here.
A third resolution, entitled "study of discrimination in
respect of the right of everyone to leave any country, including
his own, and to return to his country," was adopted by a vote
of 14-2, with one abstention. This resolution was • aimed, at
least in part, against the Soviet Union, which had fought
The Russians were also opposed in the debates to the
resolution dealing with religious freedom, while favoring the
draft guaranteeing elimination of racism. However, they voted
for both the religious and racial drafts, when it came to the
In an address to the Council, Adlai E. Stevenson, chairman
of the United States delegation, expressed. his satisfaction with
the "central role of human rights in all our affairs." However,
he declared he felt "we have put much too narrow a construc-
tion on the term 'human rights'." He urged that all "civil rights"
be considered, including -"the right to free speech, and free press
and free assembly and freedom of religious practice."
Election of Seven Deputies
Heartens Argentinian Jewry-
BUENOS AIRES, (JTA)—Seven Jewish deputies were
elected to the Argentine Parliament in the national elections,
according to provisional returns. Other Jewish candidates also
may have been elected in provincial Senate and Chamber con-
tests. The returns caused a general feeling of optimism among
Jewish groups. It was noted that extremist groups were soundly
The new Jewish deputies are Manuel Belnicoff and Hugo
Minsk, from Buenos Aires for the winning Union Civica Radical
del Pueblo party; David Schapira, from the Buenos Aires prov-
ince, for the Union Civica Radical; Mauricio Fischer, from Cor-
dova Province, for the Union del Pueblo Argentine party; Oscar
Murmis, from Buenos Aires; Leon Patlis, from Buenos Aires for
the Democratic Progressist party; and Eduardo Schaposnik, from
Buenos Aires for the Socialist Democratic party. Belnicoff
headed the Union Civica Radical ticket in Buenos Aires.
TEL AVIV — Dr. Emanuel Neumann, former president of the Zionist Or-
ganization of America, proposed Tuesday, at the ZOA 66th annual convention here,
an eight-point program for the American Zionist Movement.
He told the 1,000 delegates and guests attending the first ZOA convention
in Is. rael that ZOA leaders were not only great Americans but that he also saw no
contradiction—"not the slightest"—between their Zionism and their Americanism.
Dwelling on what he called the "unique nature of Jewish identity stemming from
our past history and Jewish statehood as a spiritual fact, he stated that "we look
on Israel as the destined centerand focus of our life as a sacred altar on which
the ancient flames kindled by prophetic souls may glow again as a beacon for us
and for all mankind."
Referring to a recent Senate inquiry into the activities of the Jewish
Agency as an "agent," he said that "we American Jews are not an agent of Israel.
In the deepest and truest sense, the State of Israel is our agent if such a banal
word can be used for an ideal so sublime, for Israel is executing a sacred trust on
He set forth a program calling for the education of fellow Zionists and all
friends of Israel to a fuller and clearer realization "of the nature of our Jewish
identity of the meaning of Jewish nationhood and its implications in thought and
Second, he urged_ the continuation and expansion of all practical programs
of aid to Israel. He said: "It will not be enough for us to regard ourselves as
teachers and preachers of Zionism, leaving the hard task of fund-raising to
others. There can be no place in our ranks for shirkers."
Third, he proposed renewal and intensification of efforts to inform the
American people of the critical problems Israel faced in economic development,
international relations and above all its urgent security problems.
His other points included fostering and spreading knowledge of Hebrew
development of Zionist youth movements to reach "ever larger circles," encour-
agement of Aliyah, "moulding and shaping" the character of the American Jewish
community and keeping open and developing lines of communication between
Israel and Jews outside of Israel.
Jacques Torczyner, chairman of the ZOA national advisory board, asserted
that "the continuous weakening influence" of the World Zionist Organization dur-
ing the past 15 years had resulted in the erection of an "invisible wall" between
Jewish youth in Israel and those outside of Israel. He said that while Jewish youth
outside of Israel had not been afforded the inspiration of spiritual aspects in terms
of cultural ties with Israel, it was Israeli youth which had been alienated from the
idea that they were also part of the Jewish people.
Continued on Page 32
800 Major War Criminals Await German Trials
By JOHN DORNBERG
JTA Correspondent in West Germany
(Copyright, 1963, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
BONN—The wheels of German justice may turn
slowly, but they have not stopped.
Eighteen years after the war, the German legal
machinery is still grinding doggedly and methodical-
ly through the gargantuan task of investigating,
indicting and eventually trying more than 800 major
By the time the statute of limitations takes effect
_on May 8, 1965, that number may have been aug-
mented by several hundred more.
The task of ferreting out the hidden (and not
so hidden) Nazis falls on the Center for Investiga-
tion of Nazi Crimes, a small agency located off the
beaten path in the town of Ludwigsburg, near
Since its establishment in 1958, when it became
apparent to German judicial officials that a vast
number of war criminals had not been prosecuted
either by the occupation forces or local authorities,
the center has exposed 1,000.
Of these, 135 already have been tried. A small
group, whose names and whereabouts are known,
escaped the reach of German law because they
enjoy the protection of South American and Arab
. governments. About 150 have been or are about
to be indicted and face trial within the next few .
_months. The remaining 600 are still under in-
vestigation by local prosecuting authorities all
over the Federal Republic.
When he assumed the directorship of the agency
in 1958, Stuttgart Prosecutor Erwin Schuele esti-
mated that the center's work would be completed in
one to two years. Nearly four have passed, and if
it weren't for the 1965 deadline, it might never end.
There are numerous reasons for this protracted,
slow-moving procedure. First, decentralized handling
of cases before establishment of the Ludwigsburg
agency served only to complicate matters. Second,
many of the defendants were held as prisoners of
'war in Russia and ifot repatriated until after 1955.
Third, locating witnesses and finding evidence has
proven difficult. Fourth, and most important, each
trial has brought on new cases because the testi-
mony of _ witnesses invariably leads to the implica-
tion of additional suspects.
"Every trial," a spokesman for the Federal Re-
public explained recently, "has brought to light
new clues which have led to new indictments."
Of the 17 major war crimes trials held in 1958,
the year the Ludwigsburg center was being planned,
a half dozen resulted in evidence against a dozen
This pattern has continued to date.
Even in the most recently completed case—the
seven-month-long trial of Georg Heuser and 10
other defendants accused of murdering 31,000 Jews
in the Minsk area—a new name cropped up: Karl
Vialon, number two man in West Germany's Fed-
eral Ministry for Development Aid.
Nor should one overlook the fact that some
important war criminals, by assuming false names
and literally going into hiding for almost two dec-
ades, have successfully evaded detection and cap-
ture. Nevertheless, given time, the Ludwigsburg
team hopes to bring them all to trial eventually.
"The statute of limitations "doesn't bother us,"
said the Schuele's deputy, District Attorney Klaus
Werner. "By then, we'll have everyone of them."
In Wuppertal, four members of Einsitzliomman-
do Six of Einsatzgruppe C — accused of murdering
4,512 Jews in the Donets Basin in the Ukraine—are
in the defendants' dock. Two of the men, Walter
Helfsgott, 52, and W. Pohl, 49, served as police
officials in Duesseldorf and Dortmund until arraign-
ment on war crimes. Robert Mohr and Theodor
Groever, both 53, were high police officials during
the Hitler regime and worked in Ruhr area bus-
inesses until their arrest.
The two cases expected to be the most sensa-
tional—the Auschwitz and Hungary complexes—will
be tried in Frankfurt soon.
The chief defendant in the Auschwitz case, Rich-
ard Boar, 51, the concentration camp's last com-
mandant, died in jail last month, but 23 of his
cohorts, including Baer's adjutant—the adjutant to
Rudolf Hoess, the camp's first commandant—mem-
bers of the camp Gestapo; doctors; pharmacists;
various guards and Josef Klehr, 58, leader of the
gas chamber command, will be on trial. To prepare
th case, Frankfurt prosecution officials have inter-
viewed and questioned more than 1,300 people.
Some 250 witnesses are expected to be called.
The "Hungary Case" involves_ SS Lt. Col. Her-
mann Krumey, 58,. Adolf Eichmann's deputy in
Hungary, and Otto Hunsche, 51, a high-ranking civil
servant in the Reichssicherheitshauptamt who served
as Eichmann's legal advisor. Krumey, a prominent
citizen and drugstore proprietor in Korbach near
Frankfurt until his arrest in 1960, is charged with
437,402 counts of murder and extortion for his in-
volvement in the plan to trade the lives of Jews for
military trucks. Hunsche, a lawyer, has already
been convicted and sentenced to five years in prison
for aiding and abetting murder. In the Hungary
Continued on Page 32