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May 03, 1963 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-05-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

(Continued from Page 1)
the sparsely populated Arab
countries having abundant land
and water." He added that
the present Arab rulers would
not cooperate in they
solution as long as they were
conspiring to destroy Israel. He
added that, if it were not for
this conspiracy, the refugee
problem would no longer exist
just as it no longer existed in
India and Pakistan after the
partition of the two countries,
although each country received
millions of refugees. He recalled
having personally witnessed the
successful absorption in Finland
of the half million refugees who
left Karelia after that area was
annexed by the Soviet Union.
Ben-Gurion said peace could
be achieved if, with the tension
between East and West relaxed,
the United States and the Sov-
iet Union demanded of the
Arab rulers that they sign a
peace treaty with Israel as re-
quired under the United Na-
tions Charter. The governments
of the Arab states, he said,
would have to be concerned
with the needs of their people
—economic, educational a n d
health—instead. of with dicta-
torial rule requiring military
demonstrations and the stock-
piling of arms.
Israel's principal tasks," de-
clared Ben-Gurion, are: "1.
Strengthening of security
through deterrent military

force and enhancement of her
international position on all
continents; 2. Closing the ed-
ucational gap between the
children of the needy, mostly
in the Oriental communities,
and those more fortunate, im-
parting scientific achieve-
ments and spiritual values to
the younger generation as far
as possible. on an equal level;
3. Revival of the Wilderness,
its settlement in the North
and in the South of the coun-
try, particularly in the ex-
panse . of the Negev; 4. Ab-
sorption of the growing immi-
gration in the economic as
well as the cultural sense,
and 5. Attainment of econom-
ic independence through in-
creased labor production,
management proficiency and
expansion of production and
"Every veteran Israeli," add-
ed Ben-Gurion, "is called upon
to adopt at least one immigrant
family, inviting the newcomers
to their home and visiting them,
taking an interest in their wel-
fare, rendering assistance."
As for the Jews abroad, he
said, he would ask "immigration
into Israel of pioneering youth
and young technicians and sci-
entists; deepening of the per-
sonal bond of every Jew with
Israel, including non-immi-
grants through visits to Israel;
the sending of children to study
in Israel's secondary and high-

Shazar Nominated for
Presidency of Israel

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — Schneur Zal-
man Shazar, author, journalist
and member of the Jewish
Agency Executive in charge of
the department of education
and culture for areas outside
Israel, was nominated Tuesday
to the Presidency of Israel. The
nomination was entered by the
Mapai Party after Mapai had
failed to persuade Kadish Luz,
the Acting President, to relin-
quish his post as speaker of the
Under the law, the Knesset
is to elect a President for a full
term as successor to the late
President Itzhak Ben Zvi who
died a week ago.
Mapai asked all parties in
the Knesset to support Mr.
Shazar's candidacy.

Schneur Zalman Shazar was
born in Mir, Russia, in 1889.
Receiving his early education
in Russia, he studied later at
the Universities of B e r 1 i n,
Strassbourg and Frieburg corn-
ing to Palestine in 1924. From
1925 to 1948 he was editor of
Davar, the organ of Histadrut,
the Israel Federation of Labor.
He was one of the active lead-
ers in organizing the Jewish
labor movement in Palestine
and was instrumental in form-
ing the merger of the Poale
Zion, Zeirei, Zion and Hitchdut
factions. He served as a mem-
ber of Israel's delegation to the
United Nations. In 1949-50 he
was Minister of Education and
introduced compulsory educa-
tion in Israel.
See Commentary, Page 2

Israel Files Complaint in UN
Against Arab Declaration

(JTA)—Israel complained to
the Security Council of the
United Nations that the joint
declaration of Egypt, Iraq and
Syria, issued at Cairo on April
17, establishing a new federa-
tion of the three countries, is
aimed at the destruction of
In a letter to the President
of the Council from Michael S.
Comay, Israel's permanent rep-
resentative here, the United
Nations was formally informed
of Israel's views, and the head
of the Council was requested
to circulate the document to all
member delegations here. The
letter did not ask for a meet-
ing of the Council.
Comay pointed to two para-
graphs in the Cairo declaration
which stated: "a) Unity is a
revolution especially because it
is strongly connected with the
question of Palestine and the
national duty to liberate it; b)
The establishment of a military
unity capable of liberating the
Arab homeland from the dan-
gers of Zionism." That expres-
sion, stated Comay, "signifies
nothing else than the aim to
destroy Israel."
"It is unprecedented for a
constitutional document of
member states of the United
Nations to proclaim the destruc-

tion of another member state
which is one of the avowed aims
of the new federation," the
Israel complaint stressed. "Such
a declaration is incompatible
with the obligation of all mem-
bers of the United Nations to
refrain in their international re-
lations from the threat or use
of force against the territorial
integrity or political indepen-
dence of any state. The Gov-
ernment of Israel, therefore,
deems it necessary to place on
record its view that these aims
of the Cairo Joint declaration
are a flagrant violation of the
Charter and a direct threat to
international peace and se-

Nazi Rearrested
on Charge He Killed
Hungarian Jews

mer SS Captain Otto Hunsche,
previously sentenced for a five-
year prison term for complicity
in the murder of 600 Hungarian
Jews, but released pending final
court confirmation of the judg-
ment, was rearrested and was
charged with the mass murder of
Hungarian Jews, along with ex-
SS Major Hermann Krumey. Both
were principal aides of the late
Adolf Eichmann.

Yeshiva University
Grant from
er institutions of learning; cap-
ital investments in Israel devel- Science Foundation

opment projects, and above all,
provisions of Hebrew education
to the children, deepening their
Jewish awareness and national
heritage through the study of
the Hebrew language as well as
the study of ancient and mod-
ern Hebrew literature."
Discussing the question of
religion in Israel, he said: "I
believe, that we must be faith-
ful to our Proclamation of In-
dependence—signed by all pol-
itical parties, from the Com-
munists to the Agudat Israel—
which stipulates that the State
of Israel will guarantee free-
dom of religion, conscience,
language, education and cul-
ture. This policy should be the
guidepost for both religious and
secular elements."
Touching on Zionism and
immigration, he told the JTA
that "my greatest disappont-
ment, after the establishment
of the State, was that Zionist
leaders throughout the Dia-
spora did not come here to
settle and did not serve as an
example to the. people." He
added "it has always been my
conviction as I understood the
Zionist ideal, that the ideal
meant a desire to. return to
Zion and personally to par-
ticipate in the upbuilding of
the homeland and the resur-
gent nation. Naturally, every-
body has the right to define
Zionism as he wishes. My
view is that the Zionist move-
ment, which undoubtedly has
great historic merits, should
turn into an all-Jewish organ-
ization that would strengthen
within the Jewish people
consciousness and unity, and
would help toward strengthen-
ing Israel economically, cul-
turally and politically."
"As chairman of the World
Zionist Executive," he contin-
ued, "I saw it as my duty to
tend to the equipment of a Jew-
ish Army which did not yet
exist. I accomplished that task
in two ways: through acquisi-
tion of modern machinery and
tools for the establishment of
our own arms industry, and
through acquisition of military
equipment — light and heavy
arms, submachine guns, tanks
and fighter planes which the
underground Haganah could not
The Premier recalled the day
of March 28, 1948, when radio
broadcasts reported that War-
ren R. Austin head of the Un-
ited States delegation to the
United Nations, had told the
United Nations Security Coun-
cil that the United States
deemed it necessary to with-
draw its support of the Pales-
tine partition plan which had
been voted the previous Novem-
ber. Instead, Sen. Austin pro-
posed that a UN trusteeship re-
gime be instituted for the whole
of Palestine.
"I was then at Hagadah
Headquarters at Tel A v i v,"
Ben-Gurion recalled, "and could
not consult my colleagues on
the Zionist Executive, who were
in Jerusalem. I saw it my duty
immediately to state: "This
stand of the United States in no
way alters fundamentally the
situation in the country, nor
does it undermine the establish-
ment of the Jewish State. Estab-
lishment of the State was not, in
effect, given in the United Na-
tions resolution (on Palestine
Partition) of last Nov. 29 —
although the resolution was of
great moral and political value
—but by our ability to bring
about a decision in the country
by force. Through our own
strength—if we will it and suc-
ceed in mobilizing it fully—the
State will be established even
"And the State came into be-
ing—and we were forced to
fight for its existence. We won
and I have no doubt that this
was one of the greatest achieve-
ments in our history as a na-

Yeshiva University has re-
ceived a National Science Found-
ation grant of $89,500 for sup-
port of an "In-Service Institute
in Science and Mathematics for
Secondary School Teachers," Dr.
Samuel Belkin, president, an-
The grant, under the direction
of Dr. Abe Gelbart, Belfer Grad-
uate School of Science dean, will
terminate in June, 1964.
Under the grant, high school
mathematics and physics teach-
ers, selected by the University,

will be able to continue advanced
studies in their specialties.





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5 — THE D ETROIT JEWIS H NEWS — Friday , May 3 , 1963

Strength for Israel. Prime Factor in Peace

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